Art Journal

An academic journal publishing original contributions on the visual arts of the 20th and 21st centuries. Content includes scholarly articles, interviews, conversations, forums, speculations, working notes, pedagogical essays, and artists? projects relevan

Articles from Vol. 53, No. 4, Winter

Barnett Newman's Broken Obelisk
Barnett Newman's monumental architectural sculpture Broken Obelisk (fig. 1) would seem at first to be unrelated to the principal history of his generation, that is, World War II with its millions of dead.(Figure 1 omitted) After all, the sculpture was...
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Book Reviews -- German Expressionism: Documents from the End of the Wilhelmine Empire to the Rise of National Socialism Edited by Rose-Carol Washton Long / Autrian Expressionism by Patrick Werkner and Translated by Nicholas T. Parsons
Rose-Carol Washton Long, ed. German expressionism: Documents from the End of the Wilhelmine Empire to the Rise of National Socialism. New York: G.K. Hall, 1993. 349 pp.; 50 b/w ills. $45.00Patrick Werkner. Austrian Expressionism: The Formative Years....
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Book Reviews: Joseph Cornell -- Joseph Cornell's Theater of the Mind: Selected Diaries, Letters, and Files Edited by Mary Ann Caws
Mary Ann Caws, ed. Joseph Cornell's Theater of the Mind: Selected Diaries, Letters, and Files. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1993. 480 pp.; 24 b/w ills. $35.00On Saturday, December 9, 1972, about three weeks before his death, I spent the afternoon with...
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Book Reviews: Kandinsky Watercolors -- Kandinsky Watercolors Catologue Raisonne (Vol. 1, 1900-1921 and Vol. 2, 1922-1944) Edited by Vivian Endicott Barnett
Vivian Endicott Barnett. Kandinsky Watercolors Catalogue Raisonne. Vol. 1, 1900-1921. 555 pp.; 80 color ills., 650 b/w Vol. 2, 1922-1944. 610 pp.; 168 color ills., 815 b/w Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992-94. $540.00 for bothThe publication date...
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Book Reviews: Pre-Columbian Art in the Twentieth Century -- Pre-Columbian Art and the Post-Columbian World: Ancient American Sources of Modern Art by Barbara Braun
Barbara Braun. Pre-Columbian Art and the Post-Columbian World: Ancient American Sources of Modern Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1993. 340 pp.; 97 color ills., 214 b/w. $75.00One of the most prominent explicators of the relationship between modern Western...
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Critical Perspectives on New Images of Man
By the end of the 1950s, Abstract Expressionism had clearly "triumphed" over all other stylistic contenders within American painting, and the United States had established cultural supremacy over its European counterparts. This stunning victory was paralleled...
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Exhibition Reviews: Drawings by Sculptors
Douglas Dreishpoon. Between Transcendence and Brutality: American Sculptural Drawings from the 1940s and 1950s. Tampa, Fla.: Tampa Museum of Art, 1994. 112 pp.; 7 color ills., many b/w. $15.00Exhibition schedule: Tampa Museum of Art, January 30-April...
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Exhibition Reviews: Willem De Kooning
Judith Zilczer, Lynne Cooke, and Susan Lake. Willem de Kooning from the Hirshhorn Museum Collection. Washington, D.C.: Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution with Rizzoli International Publications, 1993. 218 pp.: 60 color ills.,...
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Lee Bontecou's "Warnings"
In 1962 Joseph Cornell wrote about Lee Bontecou:In other days there were the "mouth of truth" and the lion's mouths of the Venetian Inquisition, then, there is the terror of the yawning mouths of cannons, of violent craters, of windows opened to receive...
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Louise Bourgeois's Retroactive Politics of Gender
Is Louise Bourgeois's sculpture of the late forties and fifties in any way political? It's not a simple question to answer. Discussions of the politics of postwar American art have revolved mostly around the binaries of the Right (McCarthy) and the Left...
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Sculpture's Autre
Conventional accounts of Claire Falkenstein's achievements as a sculptor describe her success in interpreting, through metal, the ideas expressed by the Abstract Expressionist painters at midcentury. Falkenstein (b. 1908) was educated at the University...
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Synagogue Art of the 1950s
During the 1950s and 1960s approximately one thousand new synagogues were consecrated in the United States, a significant number of which directly commissioned work by Abstract Expressionist artists.(1) The synagogue projects provided the opportunity...
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The Ascendancy of Abstraction for Public Art
Our complex civilization has found its crisis in the contradiction that exists between individual concepts of truth and duty and totalitarian concepts of uniformity and blind obedience. Everywhere the human conscience has been in revolt against inhuman...
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The Mature Richier, the Young Cesar
For a period during the postwar years in Paris, the sculpture of Germaine Richier (1902-1959) and that of Cesar Baldaccini, known as Cesar (b. 1921), were frequently confronted.(1) In 1959 they were both included in the important exhibition New Images...
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The Rejection of Isamu Noguchi's Hiroshima Cenotaph
The career of the Japanese American sculptor and designer Isamu Noguchi (1904-1988) weaves through six decades of the turbulent politics on the border of the East/West discourse. Edward Said, one of the most influential critics of this discourse, shatters...
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World War II: Reverberations
The 1994 fifty-year anniversary of the D day invasion of Normandy, the success of the controversial 1993 film Schindler's List, and the 1993 opening of the Holocaust Museum in Washington, D.C., are all clear indications that World War II still remains...
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Zadkine and Gabo in Rotterdam
On May 14, 1940, Nazi warplanes bombed Rotterdam, decimating its commercial center; 650 acres were razed, or 60 percent of the bustling port city. Holland surrendered to Germany the next day. Only one week later the planning to rebuild the city center...
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