Art Journal

An academic journal publishing original contributions on the visual arts of the 20th and 21st centuries. Content includes scholarly articles, interviews, conversations, forums, speculations, working notes, pedagogical essays, and artists? projects relevan

Articles from Vol. 55, No. 2, Summer

Art 101
Richard G. Tansey and Fred S. Kleiner. Gardner's Art through the Ages, 10th ed. Fort Worth, Tex.: Harcourt Brace College, 1996. 1,200 pp.; many color and b/w ills. $68.00 H. W. Janson. History of Art, rev. and expanded by Anthony F. Janson, 5th ed. New...
Art since 1940
Jonathan Fineberg. Art since 1940: Strategies of Being. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1995. 496 pp.; 277 color ills., 345 b/w. $60.00 What do the following have in common: Rauschenberg on roller skates in his dance piece Pelican, Pollock in his famous stretching...
Courbet, the Commune, and the Meanings of Still Life in 1871
To begin at the beginning: I wanted to write persuasively about a painting that had very much captured my imagination, about its beauty and what I took to be its strangenesses.1 Gustave Courbet painted Still Life: Apples, Pears, and Primroses on a Table...
Design and the Modern World
Wendy Kaplan, ed. Designing Modernity: The Arts of Reform and Persuasion, 1885-1945, exh. cat. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1995. 352 pp.; 412 color and b/w ills. $60.00; $28.00 paper Exhibition schedule: Wolfsonian Museum, Miami Beach, Florida, November...
Florine Stettheimer
Barbara J. Bloemink. The Life and Art of Florine Stettheimer. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995. 304 pp.; 50 color ills., 72 b/w. $45.00 Elisabeth Sussman with Barbara J. Bloemink. Florine Stettheimer: Manhattan Fantastica. New York: Whitney Museum...
Images of a Displaced Past: Michael Flanagan and Medrie MacPhee
Invested with a curious nostalgia, the evocation of the past displays the set of ideas by which one era signals to itself that it is referring to another. Just as in linguistic terms words such as "spareness" and "simplicity" might point to colonial...
Language of the Soil
David Bourdon. Designing the Earth: The Human Impulse to Shape Nature. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1995. 224 pp.; 24 duotones, 155 b/w ills. $45.00 Jack Flam, ed. Robert Smithson: The Collected Writings. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996....
Marxism and Art History after the Fall of Communism
The reassessment of Marxism is yet again on the agenda of intellectual debate. Each major twentieth-century crisis has prompted a reconsideration of what remains the most productive theory of bourgeois society, often with fruitful results. But this time...
Modernism's Subjects in the United States
Visual images and their viewers engage in processes of reciprocal definition. Viewers "constitute" images, assigning them salient features and meanings, while images "interpellate" viewing subjects, offering them viewing positions and identifications....
Negotiating the Categories: Sarah Bernhardt and the Possibilities of Jewishness
. . . whether initiated into the worship of God by Gemara or by catechism, Sarah Bernhardt is neither more nor less than a Jewess and nothing but a Jewess.1 This sentence punctuates a lengthy discussion of Sarah Bernhardt in a best-selling anti-Semitic...
Our English Coasts, 1852: William Holman Hunt and Invasion Fear at Midcentury
From mid-August until December 1852, William Holman Hunt labored over a painting of sheep wandering the cliffs above the English Channel at Fairlight, near Hastings. Exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1853 as Our English Coasts, 1852 (and later retitled...
Photography, Allegory, and Labor
There is a story about photography that we all know. It is the tale of photography's struggle to be regarded as a fine art. After numerous setbacks and false paths, the story suggests, the banner of photography was eventually planted firmly on the pinnacle...
Recent Approaches to 19th-Century Visual Culture
The articles in this issue of the Art Journal highlight some of the most interesting critical tendencies in present-day studies of nineteenth-century art. The authors address important issues of ethnic identity, gender, spectatorship, and nationalism....
Seeing Women in the July Monarchy Salon: Rhetorics of Visibility and the Women's Press
Two little girls and their mother entered, at the same time as I did, the Louvre's grand salon, where each year the works of living artists are exhibited: One little girl cried out: "What beautiful colors!" The other exclaimed, "What beautiful frames!"...
Stieglitz
John Szarkowski. Alfred Stieglitz at Lake George. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1995.112 pp.; 115 b/w ills. $35.00 Richard Whelan, Alfred Stieglitz: A Biography. New York: Little, Brown and Company, 1995. 662 pp.; 28 b/w ills. $29.95 Weston Naef. In...
The Backward Glance
Imagine a nineteenth-century pathway crossing (and shaping) the landscape, a railway line connecting unknown places near and far, intersected by a network of branch lines and junctions. Does Time operate in the same linear way, connecting us with distant...
The Bottom Line
Marc Shell. Art and Money. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995. 229 pp.; 9 color ills., 100 b/w. $35.00 Martha Woodmansee. The Author, Art, and the Market Rereading the History of Aesthetics. New York: Columbia University Press, 1994. 200 pp....