Art Journal

An academic journal publishing original contributions on the visual arts of the 20th and 21st centuries. Content includes scholarly articles, interviews, conversations, forums, speculations, working notes, pedagogical essays, and artists? projects relevan

Articles from Vol. 56, No. 3, Fall

Ars Combinatoria: Mystical Systems, Procedural Art, and the Computer
This is a slightly unusual request," said Doctor Wagner, with what he hoped was commendable restraint. "As far as I know, it's the first time anyone's been asked to supply a Tibetan monastery with an Automatic Sequence Computer.... Could you explain...
Art Education and Cyber-Ideology: Beyond Individualism and Technological Determinism
In technological determinism, research and development have been assumed as self-generating. The new technologies are invented as it were in an independent sphere, and then create new societies or new human conditions. The view of symptomatic technology,...
Artists' Book Books
Stephen Bury. Artists' Books: The Book as a Work of Art, 1963-1995. Aldershot, England: Scolar Press, 1996. 207 pp.; 97 b/w ills. $110.00 Johanna Drucker. The Century of Artists' Books. New York: Granary Books, 1995. 377 pp., 200 b/w. $35.00 The 1985...
Artist's Pages: Brad Freeman
Brad Freeman has been making artist's books using offset printing as a creative printmaking medium since the late 1970s. In this piece, adapted from his work in progress, MzLK, he combines traditional and digital darkroom techniques to explore the time-based...
Artists' Profiles: Dew Harrison
Dew Harrison has been using digital media in her teaching and art practice since the mid-1980s, when she was struck by the fact that personal computers had found ready acceptance in applications to classroom work in the sciences and languages. She became...
Artists' Profiles: Eduardo Kac
Eduardo Kac first integrated electronic media into his work as a writer and artist through holopoetry, which he pioneered in the early 1980s, but his other emphasis has been in the fields of telematic and telepresence art. He also began working with...
Artist's Profiles: Janet Zweig
Janet Zweig's work with electronic media began when she started writing simple programs to drive kinetic sculptures. In these works, the computer is a device that "thinks"-that is, permutes and writes-thus taking over a certain amount of creative control...
Artists' Profiles: Jonathan Harris
Jonathan Harris is engaged with new technology primarJily through his work as an educator, but he has also been producing series of works using digital manipulation of texts and images. The first series featured photographs from his childhood, and the...
Artists' Profiles: Jon Ippolito
Although Jon Ippolito's work includes computer- and Internet-based projects, it takes inspiration less from the history of electronic media than from conceptual and process art of the 1960s and 1970s, whose dematerialized objects and decentralized practices...
Artists' Profiles: Paul Zelevansky
Paul Zelevansky's creative engagement with electronic media crosses disciplinary lines between artistic practice and pedagogic concerns. While designing several interactive educational media presentations for museums, Zelevansky became keenly aware of...
Artists' Profiles: Simon Penny
Simon Penny began working with electromechanical and audiovisual technology in the context of performance, installation, and sculpture in the 1970s and early 1980s, before the ready availability of personal computers. At that time he constructed large-scale...
Assessing Recent Interpretations of the Arts and Crafts Movement
The American Arts and Crafts movement was introduced to the academic community in 1972, when Robert Judson Clark mounted the exhibition, The Arts and Crafts Movement in America, 1876-1916, at Princeton University. Clark's ground-breaking work subsequently...
Beyond the Zip Drive: CD-ROM and Publication in Art History
Applause is due to the publishers of the first catalogues raisonnes on CD-ROM for their prescient thinking,their investment of substantial funds that will not be offset by sales, and their persistence in completing projects fraught with extraordinary...
Digital Reflections: The Dialogue of Art and Technology
The dialogue between art and technology has acquired a high profile in the last decade. The ready availability of digital manipulation in a wide variety of media-from image making to performance, video editing to network production, among others-has...
Foundation and Development of Robotic Art
As electronic media become more pervasive in today's culture, the role of robotics in contemporary art, along with video, multimedia, performance, telecommunications, and interactive installations, needs to be considered. In this article I propose to...
Gaudier-Brzeska: Lost Avant-Garde
Evelyn Silber with photographs by David Finn. Gaudier-Brzeska: Life and Art. New York: Thames Hudson, 1996. 304 pages; 295 ills., 16 color, 168 duotone. $65.00 When Henri Gaudier-Brzeska (18911915) died at age twenty-three in World War I, one of the...
Hypermedia as Art System
The project Deconstructing Duchamp began in the summer of 1996 when I proposed a collaborative Internet work involving twenty-five participants in an attempt to lateralize Marcel Duchamp's La Man:ee mise a nu par ses celibataires, rhyme (The Large Glass)...
Jasper's Dilemma
Jill Johnston, Jasper Johns: Privileged Information. New York: Thames & Hudson, 1996, 335 pp. $27.50. Kirk Varnedoe, et al. Jasper Johns: A Retrospective. Exh. cat. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1996. 408 pp., 275 color ills, 202 b/w. $65.00, $32.50...
On the Need for Ethical Aesthetics: Or, Where I Stand between Neo-Luddites and Cyberians
Or, Where I Stand between Neo-Luddites and Cyberians This essay is a three-part meditation on the role of the artist in the encounter with new electronic technologies. I begin with a personal rationale for my claim that we need ethical aesthetics. The...
Other Voices
Fatimah Tobing Rony. The Third Eye: Race, Cinema, and Ethnographic Spectacle. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1996. 300 pp.; 50 b/w ills. $17.95 paper The history of Western colonialism is inextricably linked to the visual representation of indigenous...
Shopping on the Home Image Network
Shopping without a List The activity that most reminds me of the practice, as opposed to the transcendent communal dream, of websurfing is visiting the supermarket without a list or a plan. Now that I live in Los Angeles after spending most of my life...
The Virtualization of Art Practice: Body Knowledge and the Engineering Worldview
When artists engage electronic and particularly digital tools, a negotiation occurs between methodologies of traditional art practice and the value system inherent in the tools themselves. This negotiation is implicit and rarely discussed. The nature...
Trusting Aesthetics to Prosthetics
De gustibus non est disputandum. (There is no accounting for tastes.) Criticism as Container: A Leaky Proposition Chris takes the cup of coffee from Sandy as the ArtSite homepage downloads on her computer screen. A banner at the top of the page reads,...
Two Pioneering Catalogues Raisonnes on CD-ROM
Gail Levin. Edward Hopper: A Catalogue Raisonne. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art and W. W. Norton & Co., 1995. 4 casebound vols. Vols. 1-3: 944 pp.; 571 color and 1064 b/w ills.; vol. 4: CD-ROM. Peter H. Hassrick and Melissa J. Webster....