Art Journal

An academic journal publishing original contributions on the visual arts of the 20th and 21st centuries. Content includes scholarly articles, interviews, conversations, forums, speculations, working notes, pedagogical essays, and artists? projects relevan

Articles from Vol. 64, No. 4, Winter

1001 Words for Mário Pedrosa
In 1980, at the age of eighty and soon before he died, Mario Pedrosa helped found Brazil's Labor Party (the new leftist party governing today). At that time he abandoned the conventional practice of art criticism (we will see why later on) and rediscovered...
Art and Labor: Some Introductory Ideas
Art and Labor was a public discussion that took place at the Yale University School of Art in September 2004. Convened by Jessica Stockholder and Joe Scanlan of Yale's MFA program in sculpture, the participants included Miguel Adrover, Chris Hanson and...
A Wastrel's Progress and the Worm's Retreat
It wasn't until I finished writing this paper that I realized that what I most want from my labor as an artist is utterly conventional. It's the same thing most people want from work-security, both financial and psychological. That shouldn't have come...
Confronting the Liquidators
Confronting the Liquidators Gérard Durozoi. History of the Surrealist Movement. Trans. Alison Anderson. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002. 816 pp., 232 color ills., 777 b/w. $55 paper.Jennifer Mundy, ed. Surrealism: Desire Unbound. Princeton:...
Jorge Romero Brest and the Coordinates of Aesthetic Modernism in Latin America
Both influential and controversial, the sixty-year art-critical practice of Jorge Romero Brest (1905-1988) was fundamental not only for the introduction of the idea of modern art in Latin America but also for the problematization of its crisis. Romero...
José Gómez Sicre and the "Idea" of Latin American Art
The young artists of America know that international centers of art are being born in their own continents, and they already have as points of reception New York and Buenos Aires, Rio de Janeiro and Lima, Mexico City and Sao Paulo, Caracas and Washington.-José...
Judd on Politics, Judd on Phenomena
Judd on Politics, Judd on Phenomena Donald Judd. Complete Writings, 1959-1975. Halifax: Nova Scotia College of Art and Design Press, 2005. 240 pp., 300 b/w ills. $55 paper.Donald Judd's five hundred exhibition reviews, collected in the recently republished...
Marta Traba: Internationalism or Regional Resistance?
Until the 19605, MartaTraba (1923-1983) was a key figure in the consolidation of international modernism in the visual arts of Latin America. But when the cultural influence of the United States began to spread throughout the hemisphere-along with the...
Mary Lum's Remains of the Day
During her 2004-05 residency at the RadclifFe Institute for Advanced Study, the subjects of Mary Lum's gaze were Boston, Cambridge, Paris, Berlin, and other cities. Lum, like a contemporary flâneuse, wandered around cities, photographed skylines, a window,...
Matting the Monochrome: Malevich, Klein, and Now
Recent abstract art actively works against the paradigms of purity and autonomy.1 A self-conscious revision of its heritage is a striking feature of its renewed vitality. Commentators have recognized the import of impurities within the founding practices...
Modernism: What El Norte Can Learn from Latin America
When it comes to modernism, the United States continues to suffer from a distressing provincialism. We still presume to share modernism's cultural patent between ourselves and Europe-before World War II belongs to that side of the Atlantic; post-WWII...
Perceptions at Play: Giacometti through Contemporary Eyes
In a rapidly executed sketch dating from circa 1918-20, Alberto Giacometti captures a true-to-type moment in the quotidian life of his family. Intimately grouped around the table in the parental home at Stampa, his three younger siblings-Bruno, Diego,...
P. T. Reddy, Neo-Tantrism, and Modern Art in India
The July 1969 moon landing represents a canonical moment for modernity. For the United States, it meant a battle victory in the space race and a triumph of American science and ingenuity. ET. Reddy (1915-1996), an artist then living in Hyderabad, India,...
Reconciliations: New Views and Re-Views
At certain moments of receptivity, ideas or ways of thinking presciently coincide with frames of mind. I first read Robert Venturi's Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture (published almost forty years ago) at a transitional and skeptical moment....
Scratching the Surface
Scratching the Surface Paul D. Miller, a.k.a. Dj Spooky that Subliminal Kid. Rhythm Science. Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press, 2004. 136 pp., audio CD. $21.95 paper.The task of art now is to somehow speak of this plurality of "reals" in a world moving into...
Systematic Inexhaustion
The history of mid-twentieth century art has frequently been delineated as a formalist teleological and systematic progression developing from various forms of Abstract Expressionism to the increasingly monochromatic or even blank canvases of the late...
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto and Amalia Mesa-Bains: A Critical Discourse from Within
Tomás Ybarra-Frausto and Amalia Mesa-Bains have written extensively over the past three decades on the history and criticism of Chicano/a art. The corpus of Ybarra-Frausto's writing has focused on defining and exploring the complexities of Chicano/a...
Where Have All the Leftists Gone?
Where Have All the Leftists Gone? Andrew Hemingway, Artists on the Left: American Artists and the Communist Movement, 1926-1956. New Haven:Yale University Press, 2002. 368 pp., 40 color ills., 150 b/w. $65.In the late 1920s and early 1930s "liberal"...