AI Magazine

Magazine about artificial intelligence.

Articles from Vol. 19, No. 4, Winter

A Generic Framework for Constraint-Directed Search and Scheduling
Constraint-directed search is a powerful search methodology founded on the use of a rich constraint representation not only to model the problem knowledge but also to guide search to a solution. It is the latter point that is responsible for much of...
AI Growing UP: The Changes and Opportunities
AI has always been a strange field. Where else could you find a field where people with no technical background feel completely comfortable making claims about viability and progress? We see articles in the popular press and books regularly appear...
Applied AI News
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Goddard Space Flight Center (Greenbelt, Md.) has developed the SCIENTIST'S EXPERT ASSISTANT, an expert system designed to help facilitate the proposal process for outside scientists wanting to...
Building of a Corporate Memory for Traffic-Accident Analysis
There is an increasing industrial interest in the capitalization of knowledge (that is, both theoretical knowledge and practical know-how) of groups of people in an organization, such groups being possibly dispersed geographically. The coherent integration...
Intelligent Data Analysis: Reasoning about Data
The growing importance of the automatic or semiautomatic analysis of data sets in many real-world applications has led to the emergence of the field of intelligent data analysis (IDA), a combination of diverse disciplines including AI and statistics...
Report on the Eighth Ireland Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science (AICS-97)
Theme: AI in "Crisis"? The Eighth Ireland Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Science (AICS-97), which was run in conjunction with the Irish Machine Vision and Image Processing Conference (IMVIP-97), was a success. The delegates...
Report on the Seventh International Workshop on Nonmonotonic Reasoning
The Seventh International Workshop on Nonmonotonic Reasoning was held in Trento, Italy, on 30 May to 1 June 1998 in conjunction with the Sixth International Conference on the Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning (KR'98). The workshop...
Review of Artificial Intelligence and Mobile Robotics: Case Studies of Successful Robot Systems
In the 1970s, a schism developed between (symbolic) AI and robotics (including computer vision). Today, mobile robotics is an increasingly important bridge between the two areas. It is advancing the theory and practice of cooperative cognition, perception,...
Review of Neuroinformatics: An Overview of the Human Brain Project
In 1990, President George Bush proclaimed the 1990s as the Decade of the Brain. The numerous disciplines trying to solve the puzzle of the brain and behavior fall under the umbrella known as the neurosciences. It is the fastest developing industry...
The 1998 Simon Newcomb Award
Simon Newcomb was a distinguished astronomer and computer who "proved" that heavier-than-air flight was impossible. His proofs are ingenious, cleverly argued, quite convincing to many of his contemporaries, and utterly wrong. The Simon Newcomb Award...
The DARPA High-Performance Knowledge Bases Project
Although a computer has beaten the world chess champion, no computer has the commonsense of a six-year-old child. Programs lack knowledge about the world sufficient to understand and adjust to new situations as people do. Consequently, programs have...
The Naive Physics Perplex
Three Scenarios Consider the following scenario: Scenario 1: A gardener who has a valuable plant with a long delicate stem protects it against the wind by staking it, that is, by plunging a stake into the ground near the plant and attaching it...