Washington Report on Middle East Affairs

Articles from Vol. IX, No. 7, December 31

After the Crisis: Knowing When to Leave
In the midst of a crisis, it is difficult to see beyond the immediate challenge and make plans for the more distant future. Yet in so dangerous and important a region as the Persian/Arab Gulf, a clear understanding of what is required in the future could...
Algeria Seeks to Replace Socialism with Market-Oriented Economy
After more than a quarter century of socialism, and with "the help" of high oil and gas prices, and on top of the ruins of a centralized economy, Algeria is heading firmly toward the establishment of a market economy. D-Day may be as early as Jan. 1,...
An End and a Beginning
The 101st Congress Goes HomeJust hours before adjournment, members of the 101st Congress approved foreign aid legislation for the current fiscal year (1991) that substantially benefits both Egypt and Israel, while reducing the amount earmarked for other...
"A Nightmare of Stolen Dreams" for Arab American and His Fiancee
Khalil Shatara is an American citizen who was born in the West Bank Palestinian town of Ramallah and who has lived in Chicago since 1976. In the summer of 1987, during a three-month visit to his family in Ramallah, he met and fell in love with Rula Abu-Duhou,...
A Nuclear and Chemical Weapons Ban Might Have Averted the Gulf Crisis
As the US prepares to go to war, if necessary, over oil and the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, it is useful to note that it might all have been averted had the US not squandered a major opportunity earlier this year to reduce Mideast tensions. Though it's...
Arab-American Activism
AAI Director Demands Retraction from American Jewish CongressJames Zogby, executive director of the Arab American Institute (AAI), has demanded an apology and a full retraction from the American Jewish Congress (AJC) for its recent recruitment and fund-raising...
Conversations with Victor Ostrovsky: The Man Who Blew the Whistle on Mossad
It was nearly 10 pm on a cold Canadian night early this fall when Victor Ostrovsky and his wife heard a knock at the door of their home in a quiet suburb of Ottawa. Ostrovsky had last seen the two men from Mossad who were now standing on his doorstep...
Dispelling the Greater and Lesser Confusions
The Muslims have a greater jihad, an inner struggle for personal integrity, and a lesser jihad, an external struggle for societal justice. For the vast majority of the world's Muslims, Iraqi President Saddam Hussain's call for a holy war against the...
From Mathematics to Islamic Culture
I attended a core-curriculum liberal arts college and it was there that I discovered Islamic culture. Not that it was represented in the books: there was not a single Arabic or Muslim author in the entire program. It first became obvious to me that something...
Grant Us the Strength to Resist Striking Back at Those Who Hurt Us
It wasn't mere chance when that bullet, which was intended to lodge in my head, did not hit me. I just ducked. And that simple involuntary movement marked the beginning of a new life for me.I was already bleeding before the massacre at Haram Al-Sharif,...
Human Rights
Middle East Watch Reports Systematic Killings, Torture by Syrian GovernmentPresident Hafez Al-Assad's Syrian regime has killed at least 10,000 citizens during its 20-year rule, torturing and jailing thousands more, a Middle East Watch report has charged."Human...
If Gulf Crisis Leads to War, World Oil Supply May No Longer Meet Demand
It is somewhat hypocritical for the United States, after condoning and financially supporting the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1982, to be now leading a coalition of nations brought together by the immorality of the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.President...
Intifada: The Palestinian Uprising - Israel's Third Front
By Ze'ev Schiff and Ehud Ya'ari Simon & Schuster, 1989. 352 pp. List: $22.95; AET: $18 for one, $22.95 for two.The authors of Intifada: The Palestinian Uprising -- Israel's Third Front are two respected Israeli journalists who previously employed...
Iran Profiting from Gulf Crisis
While Iraq is struggling to keep its head above water in the face of an international trade embargo, Iran quietly is mending its fences with both the European Community and its Arab neighbors. Unless Iranian President Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani is...
Islam in America
Two Muslim Congregations Contend on Washington's Embassy RowOn Friday afternoons, when at least 2,000 national capital area Muslims gather to pray at the Washington, DC Islamic Center on Massachusetts Avenue, an observer is immediately aware of the surrounding...
Israeli Human Rights Attorney Felicia Langer Receives 1990 Award
Felicia Langer, Israel's foremost human rights lawyer who defended Palestinians in the Israeli military court system for over 20 years, is one of the recipients of the 1990 Right Livelihood Awards. The award, to be presented in the Swedish Parliament...
Issues in the News
From the Jewish Press:Lifting of Worker Ban Sparks Protest:Israeli Defense Minister Moshe Arens was criticized by Knesset members for lifting a ban on Palestinian workers entering Israel from the occupied territories, imposed four days earlier, to curb...
James G. Abourezk
Former Senator James Abourezk, founder and national chairman of the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC), can be found these days in his home state of South Dakota, practicing law and, temporarily at least, fending off pressure to run again...
Jews and Israel
Until early November, leaders of organized Jewry were upset that President George Bush had met twice with Arab-Americans since the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, but not even once with Jews as a group. "They fear he is bypassing them for friendlier ears,"...
Knesset Member Begin Jr. in Canada
Israeli Knesset member Benjamin Begin, son of former Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, told audiences in Montreal and Toronto that Israel is a stabilizing force in the Middle East and remains the West's primary ally despite a low profile during...
Lebanon: Last Round or Only the 15th Year of an Endless War?
Fighting in Beirut halted and barricades between warring East and West Beirut were bulldozed away in October, after Syrian troops and tanks led regular Lebanese army troops and sectarian militias supporting the government of President Elias Hrawi in...
Muslims Will Not Join a Jihad That Is Nasty, Brutish and Unjustifiable
The invasion of Kuwait by Iraq has sent a shock wave throughout the Arab and Muslim worlds. Many Arabs and Muslims are asking themselves why the leaders of Kuwait and Iraq have failed to settle their differences and why force was used on Aug. 2, 1990...
Palestinians Reeling from the Economic Impact of the Gulf Crisis
The crisis in the Gulf has spelled financial disaster to millions of Palestinians. Affected the most are Palestinians living in oil-producing Gulf countries, particularly, of course, in Kuwait. Also hard hit are Palestinians living in the Israeli-occupied...
Political Tides Change, but Not the "Silly Season"
The legislative "silly season" occurs at the end of each session of Congress, and the end of the second session is far worse than the first. This year was no exception. There were the requisite number of last-minute shenanigans, many of which were caught...
Running against the System: Why Congress Hasn't Changed
Philip Stafford didn't vote. "Why should I?" he asks. "The incumbent always wins." Stafford is not alone. An estimated 63 percent of Americans, 155 million, did not cast a ballot on Nov. 6.Stafford's reasoning appears sound. In his home state of North...
Security Council Considers Next Step with Recalcitrant Israeli Government
The most dramatic moment of the George Bush presidency may soon occur at the United Nations. It stems from UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar's report on why he was unable to comply with UN Security Council Resolution 672's Oct. 12 directive...
Sitt Marie Rose
By Etel Adnan. Post-Apollo Press, 1978. 105 pp. List: $7.95; AET: $5.95 for one, $7.95 for two.He was fighting -- that was all there was to it. For what? To preserve. To preserve what? His group's power. What was he going to do with this power and this...
Stifling Mideast Debate Compounds Our Gulf Problem
While American eyes are focused on the extremely grave Persian Gulf crisis with its near-war status, another war has erupted -- the war of words which has pitted columnist and former managing editor Abe Rosenthal of The New York Times against Pat Buchanan,...
The Case of the Missing $400 Million Israeli Housing Loan Guarantee
On May 25, 1990, Israel's supporters in Congress shook hands over the passage of legislation guaranteeing loans to help resettle an estimated 60,000 Soviet Jews who had already arrived in Israel. But nearly six months later, Israel had not received the...
The Kahane Assassination: Deplorable Crime or Good Riddance? Its Consequences Are Unforeseeable
Instead of "good wars" and "bad wars," there are only wars that could or could not have been prevented. All have unforeseeable consequences, and most of those who fight and die in them are the flower of their nations.Assassinations, by contrast, seem...
The Mideast Peace That Was
Newly unearthed ruins in the Kingdom of Jordan are adding to knowledge about the centuries of relatively amicable well-being that once prevailed in the Holy Land. In telling an audience at UN headquarters in New York about the Franciscan Biblical Institute's...
They Pick on Pat to Silence Us All
The silence on the part of most major journalistic personalities regarding the calumny recently heaped upon Patrick Buchanan cries out for analysis and explanation. Gestating for some time in pro-Zionist circles in America, the idea only became public...
What Really Happened at the Haram Al-Sharif/Temple Mount Massacre?
On Oct. 8, 1990, the biggest mass murder of Palestinians since the Israeli conquest of 1967 occurred. Exact casualty figures are not yet available but at least 18 were killed and 350 to 500 wounded, all within a short span of time. The full horror of...