National Defense

National Defense is a magazine specializing in Defense topics.

Articles from Vol. 89, No. 618, May

Anti-Terrorism Focus: Federal Research Agency Tackling Improvised Bombs
A government research organization that traditionally has concentrated on homeland defense efforts is shifting its attention to the problem of improvised explosive devices, which are taking a heavy toll on U.S. and coalition forces in Iraq. The...
Army Guard, Reserves Confront Long-Term Personnel Problems
Despite a strengthened recruitment effort, Army Guard and Reserve officials said many of their personnel shortages are unlikely to be resolved in the foreseeable future. Of particular concern is the development of new leaders. Lt. Gen. James R....
As Demands for Nation-Building Troops Soar, Leaders Ponder Reorganization
Army and U.S. Special Operations Command officials are studying proposals to reorganize the small but highly in-demand civil affairs force.Civil affairs troops, who specialize in nation building and civil- ; ian-military relations, possess skills that...
Casualties of War: Robotic, Biological Research Aiding Military Amputees
Hugh Herr sits alongside a colleague, watching the man's extended right foot rotate in mid-air. Herr, a double amputee who lost his legs to frostbite when he was 17 years old, attempts to replicate the motion, but the brain's commands stop at the stump...
China's Arms Makers Expand International Marketing Efforts
Vying for Defense DollarsThe People's Republic of China not only is producing a wide array of weapons systems for its own forces, but also is exporting versions of its military hardware to other nations under the wary eye of the United States.In the...
Civil Affairs: As Demands for Nation-Building Troops Soar, Leaders Ponder Reorganization
Army and U.S. Special Operations Command officials are studying proposals to reorganize the small but highly in-demand civil affairs force. Civil affairs troops, who specialize in nation building and civilian-military relations, possess skills that...
Coast Guard Regaining Focus on WMD
The Coast Guard is trying to regain its Cold War proficiency in dealing with weapons of mass destruction attacks and outfitting crews to be better prepared for possible toxic exposure while conducting security missions.From new ship designs to equipment...
Contractors Urged to Comply with Smart-Tag Policy
Companies that supply military equipment to the Defense Department should begin voluntarily to put electronic tags on shipments, advised Alan Estevez, assistant deputy undersecretary of defense for supply-chain integration.In January, contractors were...
Delivering Technology to Troops Requires Learning 'In Real Time'
TRIAL BY COMBATBuyers and developers of military equipment readily admit that the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have thrown into question many of the traditional assumptions about the way the Defense Department acquires new technology.For the past two...
Department of Energy Moving on Security Initiatives
Several programs meant to enhance national security are being developed and run by the Department of Energy, trying to reduce the chance of a nuclear or radiological attack within the United States. The proposed federal budget for 2006 includes...
Department of Energy Moving on Security Initiatives
Several programs meant to enhance national security are being developed and run by the Department of Energy, trying to reduce the chance of a nuclear or radiological attack within the United States.The proposed federal budget for 2006 includes large...
DHS Seeking Technology to Protect Food Supply
The Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency is seeking new laboratory detection technology to screen the food supply for hidden dangers. The system will need to quickly scan for biological pathogens or toxins that pose a threat to consumers....
DHS Seeking Technology to Protect Food Supply
The Homeland security Advanced Research Projects Agency is seeking new laboratory detection technology to screen the food supply for hidden dangers. The system will need to quickly scan for biological pathogens or toxins that pose a threat to consumers.HSARPA's...
Electronic Tags: Contractors Urged to Comply with Smart-Tag Policy
Companies that supply military equipment to the Defense Department should begin voluntarily to put electronic tags on shipments, advised Alan Estevez, assistant deputy undersecretary of defense for supply-chain integration. In January, contractors...
Emirates Invest Billions to Stay on Top in Persian Gulf
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates-Infusing billions of dollars into defense programs, this small Persian Gulf nation-in the shadow of Iran-is vastly increasing its military power.The United Arab Eirates not only is purchasing jet fighter, tanks, ships...
Federal Research Agency Tackling Improvised Bombs
Anti-Terrorism FocusA government research organization that traditionally has concentrated on homeland defense efforts is shifting its attention to the problem of improvised explosive devices, which are taking a heavy toll on U.S. and coalition forces...
Future Pentagon Investments to Reshape Defense Industry
Despite being heavily committed in the Middle East, Defense Department officials argue that long-range investment decisions must begin now if the military is to have crucial capabilities 20 years down the road. Officials believe the paramount obstacle...
Global Health Workers, Police Can't Handle Bioterror
The world community is trying to prepare for a bioterrorism event, but planning for one is posing a major challenge to law enforcement and health professionals. Identifying a deliberate outbreak and catching those responsible will take organization...
Group Cites Technology 'Success Stories'
Technical support working group officials, in a recent briefing to industry representatives, pointed to a list of "2004 success stories," technologies developed during the previous year, including these: The Rapidscan Secure 1000, from Rapidscan...
Gulf Nation Focuses on Training, Educating Air Crews
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates--Close to fielding one of the most advanced air forces in the Middle East, the United Arab Emirates is pushing to match the aircrews' proficiency with their sophisticated equipment. This need becomes even more pressing...
Jordan Eyes Expansion of Domestic Defense Industry
The Jordanian government is taking steps to boost its domestic defense industry. In particular, a research and development center is achieving tangible results in building sophisticated technology for internal and border security, VIP protection, surveillance...
Keeping Coast Guard Cutters Afloat a Full-Time Chore
As the Coast Guard looks forward to the acquisition of its new national security cutters, the job of keeping their current, aged fleet operational requires a lot of the crews' attention. Scheduled to begin replacements in 2007, the fleet of 378-foot...
Letters
Role of Civil AffairsWith reference to your cover story of the February 2005 edition, it is remarkable that there is no mention of civil affairs or psychological operations-two of the three major components of Army special operations forces, representing...
Local Shipbuilder Thrives, Eyes Expansion in Gulf Region
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates--As this Middle Eastern nation boosts the power of its sea service, business is booming for an indigenous company that not only is grabbing a large share of navy contracts, but also is planning to spread out in the region....
Middle East Defense: Emirates Invest Billions to Stay on Top in Persian Gulf
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates--Infusing billions of dollars into defense programs, this small Persian Gulf nation--in the shadow of Iran--is vastly increasing its military power. The United Arab Emirates not only is purchasing jet fighters, tanks,...
Military Researchers Launch War against Hidden Explosives
At least 75 Navy scientists have been assigned to work full-time on technologies to detect and neutralize the improvised explosives devices that have killed and maimed hundreds of U.S. troops in Iraq. The Office of Naval Research also shifted $27...
Misconduct Unrelated to Federal Contracts Could Lead to Suspension or Debarment
If companies are subject to debarment on a "general basis" for all perceived misconduct in all areas of activities--government or non-government--the question arises: What limits, if any, are there on the government's interpretation of a cause for...
Nuclear Programs Receive Money for Upgrades
The Energy Department is allocating more money for monitoring and improving the nation's aging supply of nuclear weapons and concurrently is laying a foundation for the construction of new warheads. Two paramount issues face the National Nuclear...
Pakistan Pushing Military Exports
Pakistan's intent to become self-reliant in weapons production has resulted in recent years in the development of homegrown capabilities to produce military equipment-ranging from lasers to complex air defense systems and ammunition. A number of...
Robotic, Biological Research Aiding Military Amputees
Hugh Herr sits alongside a colleague, watching the man's extended right foot rotate in mid-air. Herr, a double amputee who lost his legs to frostbite when he was 17 years old, attempts to replicate the motion, but the brains commands stop at the stump...
Shipbuilding Strategy Makes Sure Bet on Uncertain Future
Amidst a boisterous storm of criticism from lawmakers and shipbuilding industry advocates, Navy officials confirmed in recent weeks what had become increasingly obvious: The nation's naval force is drifting towards an unknown future. War-strained...
Soldiers Teaching Robots Battlefield Duties
Sgt. 1st Class Ralph Brewer has an odd job that is at the intersection of past and future warfare--teaching a robot to be a combat reconnaissance scout. "An Army field manual can tell you how you should do it," he says. "When you get out there and...
Special Operations Command Faces Personnel Shortages
The U.S. Special Operations Command, reeling from the demands of the global war on terrorism, is taking steps to replenish its dwindling stock of specialized operators, according to its commander. Some of the most skilled personnel slots may face...
Successful Net-Centric Operations Require Joint Testing
The wars U.S. forces are fighting today--and can be expected to fight in the foreseeable future--undoubtedly are shaping the military services' requirements for new and improved technology. The conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, particularly, have...
Time on the Ground in Iraq Pays off for Naval Aviators
The aviators of Carrier Air Wing Three--just back from the Persian Gulf--found that, when it comes to flying close-air support missions, there is no substitute to spending time on the ground. During a six-month deployment consumed by long hours...
Trial by Combat: Delivering Technology to Troops Requires Learning 'In Real Time'
Buyers and developers of military equipment readily admit that the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have thrown into question many of the traditional assumptions about the way the Defense Department acquires new technology. For the past two years, the...
Vying for Defense Dollars: China's Arms Makers Expand International Marketing Efforts
The People's Republic of China not only is producing a wide array of weapons systems for its own forces, but also is exporting versions of its military hardware to other nations under the wary eye of the United States. In the post Cold War era,...
Washington Pulse
MILITARY SCIENTISTS DON'T TAKE NAMES IN VAINIn the world of military hardware projects, the right name-and acronym-can make a huge difference when seeking political and financial support on Capitol Hill. A case in point is an underwater surveillance...