Academic Exchange Quarterly

Periodical covering issues in education.

Articles from Vol. 8, No. 2, Summer

Academics and Professional Military Education
Abstract This article discusses the renewed urgency for broader liberal arts education at professional military schools (PME) for mid-level officers and recommends broadening the academic backgrounds of civilian faculty. The article compares the...
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Action Research on Student Portfolios
Abstract This action research project explores ways in which portfolios can be used in a secondary English classroom. Students created portfolios by choosing which works were included in the final product. Rationale Many urban secondary students...
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Active Learning in Macroeconomic Principles
Abstract Several scholars of economics education suggest 'active learning techniques' as more effective than the traditional lecture method of teaching economics. The Coast Guard Academy's core economics course became more oriented towards active...
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Addressing the Needs of Lone-Parent Pupils
Abstract Currently, in the U.K. there are 1.7 million lone parents with 3.1 million children. Children from households where there has been the death of a parent can experience significant difficulties associated with loss in self-esteem, self-efficacy...
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An Instrument to Measure Mathematics Attitudes
Abstract This article is a report of the development of a new instrument to measure students' attitudes toward mathematics, and to determine the underlying dimensions of the instrument by examining the responses of 545 students. The data represent...
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Beyond Research: Improving How We Improve Reading
Abstract To garner the literacy levels necessary for a post-modern society to prosper, reading programs must match effective reading pedagogy. No Child Left Behind of 2001 (NCLB) mandated reading improvement, and Reading First provides funding to...
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Building Math Confidence for a High-Tech World
Abstract This article makes the argument for the importance of having confidence with mathematics in order to compete globally in a high-tech world which relies very heavily on mathematics, science, and technology. This article is geared toward...
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Christian Hercules-A New Research Method
Abstract This article tries to give a new method for Jesuit drama research, which studies the dramas not only as literary, but as complex literary and pedagogical works. The author chose to study Christian Hercules, which is an allegoric drama and...
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Civic Education and Use of Force
Abstract It is imperative that citizens in a democracy be educated on topics related to the use of force, particularly critical thinking and ethical decision making, in order to fulfill their role in the democratic process. We believe that the way...
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Classroom Controversy: Christianity and Gay Rights
Abstract In developing a lecture on the controversial issue of Christian responses to same-sex sexual behavior, the author employs strategies to minimize tensions and foster learning. Pedagogy includes a step by step unfolding of the issue. One...
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Click and Bricks-Transforming Education
Abstract Educating tomorrow's leaders requires information age learning environments. Distributed education, distributed learning (DL), or e-learning can create such environments. This article provides a model for DL that targets graduate level...
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Contextual Images in Mathematics Problem Solving
Abstract Solving word-problems is a difficult task for many students. Understanding, the first step to solving a problem (Polya, 1945; Kintsch & Greeno, 1983), requires the activation of three schemata; the language, the contextual, and the...
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Deixis and EFL Reading Comprehension
Abstract The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of deixis as pragmatic residues on EFL reading comprehension and to find out whether the injection of deictic expressions in reading passages would jeopardize or hamper the comprehension...
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Developing the Ability of Proactive Reflection
Abstract in this article, I will describe the classroom environment that I attempt to create in my Leadership and Organizational Development course. Then I will outline the process through which I assist cadets in developing their proactive reflection...
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Does a Military Academy Promote Student Learning?
Abstract Learning outcomes are influenced by the environment in which the learning takes place. This article briefly describes how a military academy environment tends to promote pedagogical preferences and surface learning approaches. A plan to...
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Down-to-Earth Religious Education
Abstract Although multicultural education is often misunderstood and feared, it has been embraced by many educators as a necessary approach to preparing the next generation for the complexities of life in the 21st Century. This study describes the...
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Early Ethics Education at USNA
The United States has long held to a tradition of following a strict code of conduct when fighting wars. The means of inculcating that code have ranged from implicit mentoring aboard ships or the battlefield, to explicit classes in moral philosophy...
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Editorial
It is not surprising that most people, both military and civilian, associate military education with training and conformity. I was very glad to take on this issue of Academic Exchange Quarterly to learn more about what military educators are really...
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Enrollment Patterns of Community College Students
Abstract The Los Angeles Community College District's population is highly saturated with Latino/Latina students. Despite high enrollment and aspirations to transfer, Latinos/Latinas transfer at rates well below national averages. Using course transcripts...
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Exploring Errors in College Mathematics Courses
Abstract In a mathematics course for prospective elementary teachers, one university mathematics professor discussed his students' errors in a way that valued yet extended their mathematical thinking. He used errors to help students reconceptualize...
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How Do You Develop Character?
Abstract Air Force ROTC does an excellent job of developing character in college students by creating solid lesson plans (containing core values, discipline, professionalism, and self-discipline lessons/case studies), by the positive influences...
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Improving Adolescent Girls' Math Self-Perceptions
Abstract Research suggests that gender differences in participation rates in math-related careers arise during middle school. Significant drops in girls' mathematical self-confidence, interest, and aspirations occur in this period even before academic...
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Introducing Islam through Qur'anic Recitation
Abstract Effective introductions to world religions in undergraduate survey courses challenge even the most gifted of teachers. The process is often complicated by student stereotypes and negative preconceptions. This article argues for pedagogies...
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Literature Facilitates Content-Based Instruction
Abstract Besides teaching language skills, the community college ESL curriculum must also prepare students for further academic studies. Content-Based ESL is a methodology which teaches academic vocabulary, domain knowledge, and critical thinking...
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Mathematical Discovery: A Covariance Analysis
Abstract A covariance analysis of constructs related to the process of mathematical discovery is presented. The constructs are derived from Polya's ideas on problem solving and include sophistication, traits that predict affect, and emotion. The...
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Mathematics and Computer-Aided Learning
Abstract This study examines two groups (one group as a control) of secondary school students and studies the effects of using the computer as a tool for teaching and learning on their performances. A mathematical teaching and learning tool, TRANSLAB...
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Meeting the Needs of Students and Parents
Abstract This paper describes the evolution, activity, and student outcomes of a three year project which focused on parental involvement to address student needs of middle grade students in a school district in Kent County Delaware. Along with...
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Modified Monopoly: Experiencing Social Class Inequality
Abstract Many teachers use simulation games. Games offer opportunities to foster communication with students in both large and small classes. In the present paper, ten points are presented with the adoption of the popular game Monopoly whose rules...
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Moral Values for Public Education
Abstract The continuing degeneration of personal virtue among the world's societies seems to be emerging as the single-most urgent issue of our time. Until recent years, public schools had long since deferred from their original roles in morality...
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Peer Teaching for Life-Long Learning Skills
Abstract The use of peer teaching has been incorporated into the teaching of accounting at the Australian Defence Force Academy. This has created an environment where students take more responsibility for their own learning and become self-regulated...
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Philosophy and Ethics Education for Cadets
Abstract As a values-based institution, West Point seeks to instill a moral sense in its leaders. This endeavor can run crosscurrent to the free-form ethical investigation that is a hallmark of the contemporary ethics course. The result is a sometimes-uneasy...
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Secondary Students' Attitudes toward Mathematics
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes of secondary school students toward mathematics study, to compare the attitudes of students in the USA with eight other countries, and to compare differences in attitudes by gender...
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Standards: Mexican-American Students' Attitudes
Abstract Following a year-long implementation of a standards-based middle school mathematics curriculum, students were surveyed. The survey revealed that positive attitudes toward mathematics prevailed in each of the six middle schools where the...
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Strategy Activation in Learning English Words
Abstract This study investigated: 1) the strategies used by EFL university students as they attempted to master new English words and 2) if strategy activation would affect students' vocabulary learning. Two groups of university students were asked...
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Student Attitudes toward Integrated Mathematics
Abstract In these days of national and state standards, accountability and high-stakes testing, one middle school in South Texas attempted an alternative mathematics program aimed at improving students' attitudes towards mathematics with much success....
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Studying Religion in a Divided Society
Abstract This paper considers some key issues relating to the teaching of religious studies in Higher Education within a religiously divided society. It provides a brief historical context of one particular institution in Northern Ireland and reviews...
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Syllabi for Today's College Classes
Abstract Faculty know that it is important to write syllabi for the courses that they teach; however, the content of these syllabi can vary from instructor to instructor. This article describes the results of a survey given to 129 undergraduate...
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Teachers Learning Mathematics to Modify Pedagogy
Abstract As more and more teachers endeavor to improve and add skills to their repertoires of professional pedagogical knowledge, they usually come upon the conclusion that knowing more mathematics is critical to teaching with deeper understanding....
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Teaching Analytical Frameworks
Abstract This article explains the rationale for integrating critical media literacy across the curriculum. To illustrate this discussion, the author utilizes analytical frameworks. Introduction Educators and parents admit reluctantly that...
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Teaching Cadets Creative Writing on Line
Abstract This article reviews a successful grant proposal to develop an on line creative writing workshop for NGCSU students in the Corps of Cadets, a workshop intending both to encourage and develop in the cadets self-expression and self-knowledge....
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Teaching Law at West Point
Abstract As the nature of military missions changes, both the law curriculum and the law faculty's teaching methods at the U.S. Military Academy must adapt to meet both the professional and academic needs of cadets. We have addressed the former...
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Teaching Military Ethics to ROTC Cadets
Abstract More officers are commissioned into the United States military services through ROTC than through any other commissioning source. While service academies (Air Force Academy, West Point and Annapolis) have an ethics course as a prerequisite...
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Teaching Mindfully: Encountering Student Spiritualities
In a 2003 Los Angeles Times story, journalist K. Connie Kang compares the "Do-It-Yourself Religion" or "mix and match spirituality" of contemporary Americans to choosing combinations from a buffet or wardrobe or editorially "cutting and pasting" in...
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Teaching Writing in a Military College Setting
Abstract Rhetorically based composition training, as a part of liberal arts training, provides military students with the critical thinking skills needed for them to become leaders in a military that is facing increasingly complex and ambiguous...
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The Calculator's Role in Mathematics Attitude
Abstract The results of twenty-seven studies on the effect of calculators on students' attitudes toward mathematics are summarized in this article. The statistical process of meta-analysis was used to determine the overall trend of the collection...
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The Cosmos Corner
Abstract Secondary and university students are perennially bombarded with confusing historic theories regarding celestial mechanics. Most textbook discussions are guided by either strict historic chronology or conceptual frameworks and are generally...
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The Relationship of Math Anxiety and Gender
Abstract The effects of mathematics anxiety and gender on attitudes toward mathematics were examined using the Attitudes Toward Mathematics Inventory (ATMI). A sample of 134 students enrolled in mathematics classes in a state university was asked...
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The War College Experience
Abstract The purpose of character development in the military officer corps is to produce a leader who can be trusted to bear arms in the name, and in the defense, of the democracy. Character development is the focus of Officer Professional Military...
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The West Point BattleBots Project and Competition
Abstract Three cadet teams at the United States Military Academy each design, budget, build, and test a middleweight, non-stomping BattleBot according to the rules of the national competition.[1] In 2003 we emphasized two aspects of this multidisciplinary,...
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Two Cultures in Military Education
Abstract Borrowing C.P. Snow's "two cultures," the author insists that, no matter what apparent distance separates the military from the academic world, a citizen's curriculum must share the rostrum with the military regimen. Lessons in human value...
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Urban Community College Transfers to a University
Abstract This study examines a sample of students who transferred from an urban community college district in Texas to a university. Data were collected using the Laanan-Transfer Students' Questionnaire (L-TSQ) Short Form. The L-TSQ collected quantitative...
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Using Bibliotherapy to Overcome Math Anxiety
Abstract Math anxiety is a widespread phenomenon. More recently, children's and adolescent literature has been recognized as a means to teaching math to students through the use of stories to make the math concepts relevant and meaningful. Literature...
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