International Trade Forum

Magazine available in three languages focuses on trade development for developing and transition economics. It analyzes trends, opportunities, provides views from trade development experts and reports on International Trade Forum events and services.

Articles from No. 4, 1999

African Business Laws on CD-ROM and the Internet
Fifteen countries in Africa have joined forces to offer a single business law environment, in order to facilitate worldwide trade with businesses. OHADA - the Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa - has been working since 1993...
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Executive Forum Highlights: International Perspectives
These selected examples from academic experts and international organizations formed part of the contributions to the event. Further contributions can be found on the Executive Forum Web site and in the forthcoming publication, Redefining Export Promotion....
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Export Letters of Credit: Eight Steps to Error-Free Compliance
Faulty letters of credit are a common problem for companies involved in international trade. The eight steps outlined in this article can help companies reduce errors in the documentation required for letters of credit, easing the way for smooth payment....
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From the Editor
To encourage economic growth through export-led development, ITC believes that technical assistance is most needed in three areas: helping businesses understand WTO rules; strengthening enterprise competitiveness; and developing new trade promotion strategies....
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ITC's Joint Advisory Group Meets Informally
An informal session of ITC's Joint Advisory Group took place on 2 November 1999 in Geneva. The session was chaired by A. Mannan of Bangladesh, Vice-Chairman of the 32nd session of the Joint Advisory Group (April 1999). Focusing solely on the work programme...
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Keys to Export Success: Chile
Over the past 25 years, Chile has transformed its export sector through an economic strategy highlighting liberalization, openness and internationalization. In 1975, just prior to implementation of the strategy, 200 firms were exporting 200 products...
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Keys to Export Success: Finland
Finland was comparatively late in "globalizing" its economy. In fact, Finland ranked last in terms of internationalization among developed countries surveyed in the World Economic Forum/IMD 1993 World Competitiveness Report. Yet, in less than ten years,...
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Keys to Export Success: Ireland
Over the past 15 years, Ireland has become a highly successful exportoriented economy, capable of competing to the highest international technical standards in manufacturing and services. Total merchandise export earnings exceeded US$ 64.8 billion in...
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Keys to Export Success: Mauritius
Mauritius is an economic development success story. Success has been due largely to the effective planning and management of a series of national export strategies. Over the past 30 years, these strategies have moved Mauritius from a high-unemployment,...
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Keys to Export Success: New Zealand
Despite comparative advantages in growing and harvesting animals, fish, crops and trees, New Zealand faces two competitive disadvantages: its distance from major markets, and the scale of its small domestic market. Marketing and distribution costs represent...
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Keys to Export Success: The Philippines
Experts from six countries prepared export development strategies for the ITC Executive Forum. Fuller versions are available on the ITC Executive Forum -web site. Since the Asian financial crisis in 1997, Philippine export growth has been among the highest...
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National Capacity for Export Growth
During the Third WTO Ministerial Conference (Seattle, 30 November - 3 December 1999), U.S. President Clinton invited the heads of several multilateral organizations to share views on what their agencies could do to support the least developed countries...
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New: ITC Portfolio of Project Proposals
Business communities in developing countries request assistance on 80 trade-related projects Developing and transition economies increasingly participate in the evolving WTO system. These countries, and especially the least developed among them, repeatedly...
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Redefining Trade Promotion: The Need for a Strategic Response
Since the Uruguay Round of trade agreements was completed in 1994, rapid evolution has occured in several business areas that would have been difficult to predict then, including electronic commerce, industrial clustering and out-sourcing. Many entrepreneurs...
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Trade in Tokens of Heritage: Traditional Carpets and Kilims
Producers and exporters of traditional carpets and kilims need new marketing approaches to meet today's challenges: an increase in machine-made carpets that imitate Oriental rugs and kilims; growing consumer interest in environmentally friendly products;...
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Where Do We Go from Here?
Partners' Views on the Executive Forum "Where do we go from here? " is a wise question to ask, especially at the end of the first leg of any journey. Before coming to Annecy, many of us thought that we knew exactly where we were going. But Mr. Belisle...
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