International Trade Forum

Magazine available in three languages focuses on trade development for developing and transition economics. It analyzes trends, opportunities, provides views from trade development experts and reports on International Trade Forum events and services.

Articles from No. 2, April-June

Africa Positions Itself for the Global Leather Market: As the Global Leather Market Expands, Africa Needs to Act Now to Build on Its Natural Strengths in Leather and Become a Global Player. A New Federation Representing the Continent's Leather Interests as Well as Business-Focused African Trade Gatherings Are Steps in the Right Direction
World trade in leather--which is one of the most widely traded commodities--stands at over US$ 50 billion a year, and it is growing. The African leather sector, while it has many natural strengths, risks missing out on opportunities in an expanding...
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Influencing Market Standards: A Voice for Developing Countries
Today's strict food and agricultural standards have been set largely by developed countries. While these standards are there to protect consumers, sometimes the bars are set so high that they become non-tariff barriers. To gain greater access to export...
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Invest in Business Advocacy for WTO Negotiations: In More Than Half the World, Business Interests Are Not Sufficiently Integrated into National Trade Negotiating Positions. This Can Lead to Governments Agreeing to Trade Rules under Which, Afterwards, Their Firms May Not Be Able to Do Business. Instead, Informed, Timely and Targeted Business Advocacy Can Help Countries Conclude Beneficial Agreements
After the end of the Uruguay Round, the business sector all over the world realized that the newly-created world trading system would have a decisive impact on business. All WTO members have to change their national laws to comply with the rules in...
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ITC in Review: ITC's Achievements in the Last 15 Months Give a Taste of What Is to Come
In a changing environment for trade-related technical assistance, ITC's recent achievements in trade development helped it crystallize its vision for the future. This vision rests on growing in its niche specializations, providing innovative technical...
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ITC: Promoting Intra-Regional Trade: LatinPharma 2003: Forging Alliances between 'Natural' Partners: The World Market for Natural Products Is Estimated to Reach US$ 100 Billion by 2010. Medicinal Products Make Up around 80% of This Market. by Linking Up Pharmaceutical and Natural Product Companies, ITC Is Assisting the Pharmaceutical Industry in Latin America to Become Competitive Exporters of Natural Medicinal Products
Natural resources are found across the developing world, but developing countries have not explored the commercial possibilities for this rich biodiversity in depth. Peru, for instance, is home to about 20% of the world's medicinal plants, yet in 2002,...
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Making the Most of Services Talks in Cancun ... and Beyond
Service sectors have been underrepresented at the international trade negotiations table. Despite the launch of the GATS negotiations in early 2000, many service sectors in developing countries are poorly placed to provide inputs to the process--although...
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Market Access Barriers: A Growing Issue for Developing Country Exporters? Contrary to Conventional Wisdom, Market Access Barriers Faced by Developing Country Exporters Are Not Decreasing for Some of Their Most Important Export Sectors. LDCs Are Especially at Risk. Is Market Access Simply 'Unfinished Business' or Is It a Deepening Problem? ITC Research Suggests That We Need to Take a Closer Look
The common perception in developed market economies is that we live in a globalized world where trade barriers for developing countries have all but disappeared. The Doha Development Agenda, recent bilateral and regional agreements and voluntary reductions...
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Millennium Development Goals Work for Trade: Forum Magazine Interview with Eveline Herfkens
Q What are the Millennium Development Goals (MDG)? A These commit 189 countries to reach eight development goals by 2015. Heads of state made this commitment, under the auspices of the United Nations, in September 2000. Q Why are these goals...
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Path for Growth Confirmed at ITC Annual Meeting: With an Increase in Delivery of 21%, 2002 Was a Very Good Year for ITC. Its Achievements Underline ITC's Relevance to Trade Development and Confirm a Path for Growth in Providing Trade-Related Technical Assistance
ITC received unprecedented support from donors and beneficiaries at its annual meeting, the Joint Advisory Group (JAG) on the International Trade Centre (Geneva, 28 April to 2 May 2003). Over 50 interventions--a record number--were made at the meeting....
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Textiles and Clothing: What Happens after 2005? Some Observers Predict That by 2005-06, Major Textile and Clothing Buyers Will Reduce by Half the Number of Countries They Source from. the Challenge for Countries and Companies Is to Remain an Important Source for These Buyers. This Article Explores the Coming Changes in the Market and Highlights Steps Governments and Exporters Can Take Now to Avoid Adverse Impacts
On 31 December 2004, the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC) will end, and with it the quota system for international trade in textiles and clothing. As a result, trade in these sectors will undergo a fundamental change. By 2005 the sector will...
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The Doha Development Agenda: What's at Stake for Business in the Developing World?
The world's economy needs a significant boost to push it back onto a stronger growth path. A more open trading system can be a powerful stimulus in reviving the world's economy and in helping poorer countries grow their way out of poverty. Cancun is...
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Trade Development: Involving the Business Community: Market Access and a Rule-Based World Trading System Are Prerequisites for Trade Growth. but Alone, They Generate No Trade at All-Traders Do. Let's Help the Private Sector to Become the Active Trade Development Player It Ought to Be
At the WTO General Council meeting in May, Messrs. Supachai, Wolfensohn and Kohler all stressed the importance of increasing market access and strengthening the rules-based trading system to achieve financial stability, economic growth and poverty...
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Trade Talks: Is Business on Board?
Last October, Forum magazine explored the topic of how business in developing countries can benefit from the Doha Development Agenda. The developmental dimension of this round gives business leaders a special opportunity to engage in productive dialogue...
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USA
At USAID, support to improve competitiveness of economies accounts for almost 90% of the more than US$ 500 million that USAID commits to trade capacity-building efforts worldwide each year. This is part of our commitment to the Doha Development Agenda....
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US Importers Eye 2005 Nervously: US Importers and Retailers of Textile and Apparel Are Now Focused on the Shift in Market Dynamics Post-2004. Speculation Is Mounting as It Looks Ever More Likely That Quotas Will End for WTO Members
Members of the United States Association of Importers of Textiles and Apparel (USA-ITA) recognize the tremendous commercial potential that an end to quotas will bring. However, they also harbour deep concerns about the uncertainties surrounding the...
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