International Trade Forum

Magazine available in three languages focuses on trade development for developing and transition economics. It analyzes trends, opportunities, provides views from trade development experts and reports on International Trade Forum events and services.

Articles from No. 3, July-September

A Unique Approach for Developing Countries: IEC Standards and Conformity Assessment
International trade in electrical and electronic products is becoming increasingly competitive. As technologies evolve rapidly, safety, reliability and performance must keep pace. This is equally true for companies in industrialized and industrializing...
Challenges in Agro-Food Exports: Building the Quality Infrastructure
Many developing countries are ill equipped to take advantage of the opportunities provided by trade. Weak infrastructure, lack of capacity and the inability to meet technical product specifications and stringent requirements in terms of quality, safety,...
Closing the Gap: Quality and Standards in Ethical Supply Chains
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Gap Inc. is one of the world's largest clothing retailers. It is also an industry leader in ethical sourcing and supply chain management through a social responsibility programme that advocates human rights as an essential...
Ethical Fashion: Quality Control in Africa Community Projects: In East Africa, an ITC Ethical Fashion Project Is Demonstrating That International Quality and Standards Can Be Met, Even in the Most Remote and Impoverished Communities
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Created for Italy's largest retail chain, Coop, Africa Community Projects (ACP) was set up in 2008 by ITC's Ethical Fashion Programme. With ITC working as an intermediary, the project connects thousands of marginalized artisans...
Export Quality Management Programme: ITC Overcoming Technical Barriers to Trade
Quality is a prerequisite for successful market access and increasing revenues from export, but meeting technical requirements in the international marketplace is a challenge for many exporters. According to ITC research, approximately 80% of the problems...
Fairtrade New Business Model: Taps Markets in the South: With the Emergence of New Markets in the South, Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International's Standards Are Adapting to Become More Than a Doorway to Export Markets in the North
With the continuing shift in economic activity from developed to developing countries, the trend towards con sumer growth in emerging markets requires transnational corporations to rethink the way they do business in the South. Fairtrade Labelling...
Global Standards: Sweeten Sugar for Buyers
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] With biofuels becoming more prominent on the global market, production is being expanded in Brazil, Asia and Africa. This expansion has environmental groups concerned that sugar cane's environmental impact--deforestation,...
Global Supply Chains: The Role of International Standards and Conformity Assessment
As global supply chains continue to grow, the international accreditation network, underpinned by internationally agreed standards, plays an essential role in the support of competitive markets and cross-border trade. This is increasingly important...
ISO 26000 Putting Social Responsibility to Work
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Recognition of the need for more ethically responsible business practices has seen the emergence of a strong global movement to embrace and promote the concept of social responsibility (SR). Although initially focusing on...
ITC Publications: Resources on Quality & Standards
Understanding the increasing complexity of technical requirements in export markets is a prerequisite for successful trade. ITC's guidebooks and publications seek to support exporters in their work by providing them with easy-to-understand, relevant...
Non-Tariff Measures & Technical Regulations: The Challenges of Compliance for Exporters: A Three-Year ITC Survey across 30 Countries Is Seeking to Identify and Understand the Major Obstacles to Trade Faced by Export Businesses in Meeting Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs) and Technical Regulations
Exporters and trade policy-makers in developing countries are increasingly concerned about NTMs applied by destination markets. These include a wide range of trade measures that are related to export, including technical regulations and other mandatory...
Pre-Packaged Goods: Product Quantity Certification Scheme
Pre-packaged commodities are estimated to account for more than 75% of the total value of traded commodities worldwide. However, exports of many prepackaged consumer products from developing countries are often hampered by lengthy border control procedures...
Quality: A Prerequisite for Exports: Increasing Complexity of Technical Requirements in Export Markets
Exporters from developing countries are increasingly feeling the pressure to conform to international standards if they are to enter successfully developed country markets. Much has been achieved in various developing countries to construct the requisite...
Standards & Trade Development Facility: A Collaborative Approach to Strengthen Sanitary and Phytosanitary Capacity
Despite the potential for trade in food and agricultural products to generate economic growth and reduce poverty in developing countries, meeting food safety, animal and plant health requirements remains a challenge for farmers, processors and government...
The SPS Agreement: WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures
Although import duties on many agricultural products have been dropped or waived as part of preferential trading agreements, farmers in developing countries are facing new challenges to selling their products around the world. Technical requirements,...
Voluntary Standards in Developing Countries: The Potential of Voluntary Standards and Their Role in International Trade
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] The importance of voluntary standards has grown in recent years, contributing to higher growth rates in international trade, especially in agricultural products, than achieved in many more traditional markets. The advantages...