International Trade Forum

Magazine available in three languages focuses on trade development for developing and transition economics. It analyzes trends, opportunities, provides views from trade development experts and reports on International Trade Forum events and services.

Articles from No. 1, January-March

A Bottom-Up Approach: Low-Carbon Energy Transition in Developing Countries
The world's rapidly growing demand for resources, influenced by high growth rates and urbanization in countries such as China, India and Indonesia, is resulting in higher overall commodity prices, particularly for fuels. Yet there are technologies...
A Case for Climate Neutrality
In A Case for Climate Neutrality; Case Studies on Moving Towards a Low-Carbon Economy, participants of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Climate Neutral Network (CN Net) shared the challenges, rewards and occasional frustrations involved...
Advancing the Trade and Climate Change Agenda
As countries grapple with the challenges of integrating economic interests with the management of climate change, trade and environmental policy have become increasingly entwined in the ongoing negotiations. International trade as a share of world...
Carbon Offsetting: A Finance Mechanism for Energy Projects
Options for offsetting carbon emissions from our lives are numerous. Is offsetting really working or is it only calming our eco-conscience? The Swiss non-profit organization myclimate explains how its offsetting projects work in practice. More and...
Climate Change and the Coffee Industry: The International Coffee Organization Considers That Climate Change Will Be One of the Most Important Factors Affecting Future Global Coffee Production, with Smallholders the Most Vulnerable Group
Rising temperatures may damage or render unviable some producing areas, making it necessary to identify alternative crops. Incidences of pests and diseases will increase. The need for irrigation would increase pressure on both scarce water resources...
Climate Neutrality, between Wishes and Reality: The ITC Experience
Reducing carbon emissions and mitigating climate change are high on the global agenda and, as a development agency, ITC has embarked on the path to climate neutrality. Environmental sustainability is one of the Millennium Development Goals and one...
Counting Carbon in Exports Carbon Footprinting Initiatives and What They Mean for Exporters in Developing Countries
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Science has delivered a grim message. Reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by 90 per cent in the next 30 years or risk catastrophic climate change. The private sector and governments are taking their own initiatives to reduce...
Forests and Climate Change
Almost 20 per cent of the world's carbon emissions come from deforestation. The carbon stored in forest biomass, deadwood, litter and soil together is more than all the carbon in the atmosphere, making forests one of the world's chief carbon sinks....
Globalization in the Era of Environmental Crisis
OUR WORLD IS UNSUSTAINABLE RIGHT NOW IN THE WAY IT OPERATES. OUR INCIPIENT MACROECONOMIC RECOVERY IS VERY FRAGILE AND WILL BE UNSUSTAINABLE UNLESS WE HAVE WHAT WE PROMISED WE WOULD HAVE BUT DO NOT YET HAVE--A GREEN RECOVERY. WE WILL NOT EVEN BE ABLE...
Green Technologies: Opportunities for South-South Trade
Climate change and broader environmental concerns have, as yet, had only a relatively minor impact on shaping the direction of economic growth in South-East Asia. However, prospects for change are expanding with growing global concern and increasing...
How to Stay Competitive in the World of Carbon Restrictions: Solutions for Developing Countries
Developed countries bound by emission reduction commitments under the Kyoto Protocol, and expecting even stricter emissions targets, have begun to introduce cap-and-trade and carbon tax systems. These raise production costs and undermine competitiveness....
Innovations in Eco-Packaging to Reduce Emissions
What are the objectives of eco-packaging initiatives? From an environmental standpoint, ecopackaging avoids depletion of non renewable resources, minimizes wastage and usage of raw materials, reduces pollution and energy consumption and, consequently,...
My Climate: From Organic Waste to Clean Energy in India
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] In the foothills of the Himalayas in northern India, a project run by myclimate, a Swiss non-governmental organization, is creating new jobs and income opportunities, while reducing greenhouse gas emissions through new technology....
On the Climate Change Front Line: Global Markets Offer a Vital Buffer for Isolated Pacific Families
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Experts believe that climate change will hit countries in the Pacific islands first, as the low-lying island countries there have fewer barriers against the more extreme weather and predicted sea-level rises that are expected...
WTO Negotiations on Environmental Goods: Ensuring a Meaningful Outcome for Developing Countries
Negotiations on liberalizing trade in Environmental Goods and Services (EGS) began with the launch of the Doha Round. Paragraph 31 (iii) of the Doha mandate, agreed by all WTO members in 2001, calls for a reduction or elimination of tariffs and non-tariff...