Demokratizatsiya

Journal covering past and current political, economical, social, and legal changes and developments in the Soviet Union and its successor states.

Articles from Vol. 8, No. 4, Fall

Borderland Identities or Steering a Sinking Ship?
Only a decade ago, it was hard to imagine that the so-called wall of democracy would run along the Bug River, along the historical borderlands of Europe. It has been argued that NATO (and expected European Union) enlargement to the historic "gateway"...
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Civic Community, Communist Support, and Democratization in Russia: The View from Smolensk
By many indicators, Smolensk seems to approximate the ideal of a civic community. It has many clubs and cultural associations. Local companies sponsor numerous public social and cultural activities, such as the Smolensk soccer club and a public medical...
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Environmental Challenges in the NIS: Recommendations for the New U.S. Administration
The Soviet Union left a legacy of some of the most severe environmental disasters found on our planet--disasters that in many cases have only worsened over the ten years since the USSR fell apart. Today, from Chernobyl to Chelyabinsk, the states of...
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Georgia at the Crossroads
With the exception of a short period from 1918 to 1921, the fall of the USSR in 1991 was the first chance for Georgia to develop an independent political and economic system. Under the Soviet regime, Georgia possessed a stable industrial infrastructure...
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Halfway Home and a Long Way to Go: Russian and Kazakh Roads to Sectoral and Political Corruption
The law is like a horse cart; it will go whichever way you turn it. --Russian proverb In 1997, Elena Bonner, human rights activist and widow of Nobel Peace Prize laureate Andrei Sakharov, made an observation that in many respects sums up the...
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Recent Elections in Georgia: At Long Last, Stability?
Georgia held its fourth contested parliamentary elections 31 October 1999 (the fifth, if one includes the 1918 multiparty elections that produced a Social Democratic government that was forced into exile by the Red Army in 1921) and its fourth presidential...
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Russia: Its Place in the Twenty-First Century and the Implications for the United States
As Vladimir Putin takes office as Russia's president, Russia's well-being and the security of the world will depend on whether he can give Russia what it needs most, moral leadership and the rule of law. Contrary to a widespread impression in the...
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Ukraine: Vagaries of the Post-Soviet Transition
In the aftermath of the collapse of the outer and inner Soviet empires in 1989 and 1991, it was widely believed that the postcommunist states of East-Central Europe and Eurasia, freed from the iron grip of the imperial center, would rid themselves...
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Unraveling the Mystery of the Tashkent Bombings: Theories and Implications
Although the international community has given some attention to Islamic extremism in Uzbekistan and to Uzbek president Islam Karimov's latest crackdown on the religious opposition in his country, the explosions that rocked Tashkent in February 1999...
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Vladimir Putin's Vertical State and the Embryo of a Horizontal Opposition
The victory of acting president Vladimir Putin in the first round of the March 2000 Russian presidential election has confirmed Russia's trend of noncompetitive electoral politics. The concentration of financial and media resources in the hands of...
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