Papers on Language & Literature

Literary history, theory, and interpretation.

Articles from Vol. 38, No. 1, Winter

Cullen, Keats, and the Privileged Liar
It is well known that Harlem Renaissance poet Countee Cullen had great esteem for English Romantic poet John Keats. Cullen's "To Endymion," "To John Keats, Poet" and "For John Keats, Apostle of Beauty" show a love for Keats's poetry and a conviction...
Elegy Unto Epitaph: Print Culture and Commemorative Practice in Gray's "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard"
From its inception in classical times, elegy has been a vehicle by which a poet negotiates his own poetic maturation and grapples with the risks and gains attendant upon the acquisition of public voice. In the elegies of Moschus, Bion, Spenser, and...
Narrator of "Bartleby": The Christian-Humanist Acquaintance of John Jacob Astor
Despite half a century of modern criticism, the intriguing constellation of images, actions, and choices in Melville's "Bartleby the Scrivener" remains inadequately charted, owing largely to the title of the story, which is misleading. What the narrator...
The Devils in the Details: The Role of Evil in the Short Fiction of Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol and Nathaniel Hawthorne
Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol (1809-1852) and Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864) are two writers whose names invariably seem to appear in critical discussion of romantic literature. Given the direct influence on both Gogol and Hawthorne of writers like Ludwig...