Papers on Language & Literature

Literary history, theory, and interpretation.

Articles from Vol. 47, No. 1, Winter

Brideshead Revisited in Nineteen Eighty-Four: Evelyn Waugh's Influence on George Orwell
The relationship between George Orwell and Evelyn Waugh has been a matter of recurring critical interest. The most provocative comparison appears in George McCartney's essay "Helena in Room 101: The Sum of Truth in Waugh and Orwell." Arguing that Orwell's...
Donne, Tagore, and Love's Passing Moment
On June 16, 1912, Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore arrived in London with the manuscript in hand of what remains the most famous of his English-language texts, Gitanjali. He was shepherded onto the arts scene by painter and India Society founder William...
Paul Morel's Second Home: The Role of the Factory Employees in Sons and Lovers
I Paul Morel's great journey from his small Bestwood home to Mr. Jordan's Nottingham factory in D. H. Lawrence's Sons and Lovers (1913) is not the decisive break with home that either he fears or his mother Gertrude expects. Paul is terrified at...
The Most Important and the Most Difficult Subject for Our Time": Hollywood and Tender Is the Night
F. Scott Fitzgerald's time in Hollywood has long interested his readers. This interest, though, seems at first to be out of proportion with the actual influence of Hollywood on Fitzgerald's career. While he spent some brief time there in 1927 and 1931,...
"The Third Person Possessed Me": Robert Lowell's Monologues
In a 1948 letter to George Santayana, Lowell writes about Robert Browning, the most prominent writer of the English dramatic monologue: I think Browning had all the right ideas about what the poetry of his time should take in--people and time. But...