Papers on Language & Literature

Literary history, theory, and interpretation.

Articles from Vol. 29, No. 2, Spring

A Vocation of Error: Authorship as Deviance in the 1799 'Prelude.' (by William Wordsworth)
When William Wordsworth takes up the question of his status as a poet in the first fragmentary drafts towards what we now call the 1799 Prelude, he does not hesitate to appropriate several disparate kinds of authorizing discourses, including the account...
Mathematics as Metaphor: Samuel Beckett and the Esthetics of Incompleteness
When Samuel Beckett first visited France as an exchange lecturer from Trinity College to the Ecole Normale Superieure in Paris, he seized upon the opportunity to join the literary culture of Paris. His youth--he was but twenty-two years old--did not...
Negotiating Cultural Prerogatives in Dryden's 'Secret Love' and 'Sir Martin Mar-All.' (John Dryden)
Those who cheered Charles II when he entered London on 29 May 1660 recognized and celebrated the return of order to England in the restoration of the monarchy, repressing, for the moment, not only the roles they had played during the civil wars and...
Poe's Use of 'Macbeth' in 'The Masque of the Red Death.' (Edgar Allan Poe)
The collective evidence of the range and variety of sources suggested for "The Masque of the Red Death" indicates that individual readers gifted with cross-citational memory often have made profitable discoveries. Such possibilities, as every student...
Revolting Fictions: Flannery O'Connor's Letter to Her Mother
In the middle of one of Flannery O'Connor's short stories, a character speaks of a letter which filled two notebooks left to his mother when he came home expecting to die. It was such a letter, Asbury Fox says in "The Enduring Chill," as Kafka had...
The Monster in Plath's "Mirror." (Sylvia Plath)
For many women writers, the search in the mirror is ultimately a search for the self, often for the self as artist. So it is in Plath's poem "Mirror." Here, the figure gazing at and reflected in the mirror is neither the child nor the man the woman-as-mirror...