Papers on Language & Literature

Literary history, theory, and interpretation.

Articles from Vol. 31, No. 4, Fall

Martin Daugherty's Victories in 'Billy Phelan's Greatest Game.'
The title of William Kennedy's third novel, Billy Phelan's Greatest Game (1978),(1) refers on the one hand to a simple bowling game, at which the good-natured Albany hustler and gambler Billy Phelan rolls a 299. But the "greatest game" of the title also...
"Pruning by Study": Self-Cultivation in Bacon's 'Essays.'
The question of the relationship of Bacon's Essays to his scientific project is a recurring commonplace of Bacon criticism. Generally, critics have argued over the degree to which the Essays conform to Bacon's inductive method, as described and demonstrated...
Spirit-Bird, Bowshot, Water-Snake, Corpses, Cosmic Love: Reshaping the Coleridge Legacy in Dickey's 'Deliverance.'
I'd like to be some sort of bird, a migratory seabird like a tern or a wandering albatross. But. . . I'll have to keep trying to do it, to die and fly, by words. --James Dickey, Self-Interviews 79 "I like to work my mind, such as...
What Rough Beast? Yeats, Nietzsche and Historical Rhetoric in "The Second Coming."
In the absence of a thorough examination of the impact on "The Second Coming" of Yeats's historical thought, it is arguable that the meaning the poet intended has not only been consistently overlooked, but that in general the poem has been taken to mean...