Papers on Language & Literature

Literary history, theory, and interpretation.

Articles from Vol. 33, No. 2, Spring

Fissured Families: A Motif in Marlowe's Plays
Christopher Marlowe's plays are littered with family groups shattered and destroyed, either through their own actions or those of others.(1) Sometimes the disharmony is limited to family disagreements or ideological disunity within the family group;...
Nature's Extra-Vagrants: Frost and Thoreau in the Maine Woods
The connection between Robert Frost and Henry David Thoreau has been observed by several critics. Frost himself encouraged this association through public acknowledgment of his deep respect for Thoreau's achievement in Walden (1854): first, he listed...
Phantoms of the Mind: T.S. Eliot's "To Walter De la Mere."
At a time when "degrees of reality" engaged his studies, T. S. Eliot maintained that "The I who saw the ghost is not the I who had the attack of indigestion" (Knowledge and Experience 121). While this partly explains Eliot's familiar compounding of ghosts,...
Shakespeare's 'King Richard III' and the Problematics of Tudor Bastardy
Granted Queen Elizabeth's touchiness concerning the subject of royal bastardy, Shakespeare ran a risk in King Richard III by focusing questions of bastardy in such a way that they invite comparison with problematical details of bastardy in the Tudor...
'The American' and the Romance of Modernity
It is generally considered that there is a sharp discontinuity in the narrative structure of Henry James's The American, that one mode of narration is suddenly and unexpectedly switched to another, completely different, mode halfway through the course...
The Times, the Crimean War, and "Stanzas from the Grande Chartreuse." (Influences of the London Times on Poet Matthew Arnold)
Some thirty years ago, A. Dwight Culler suggested that the "Thunderer" seen as "fulminat[ing]" at Arnold's persona "to join the modern world" near the conclusion of "Stanzas from the Grande Chartreuse" (lines 163-68) be identified as the voice of The...