Papers on Language & Literature

Literary history, theory, and interpretation.

Articles from Vol. 43, No. 3, Summer

Landscape as Palimpsest: Wordsworthian Topography in the War Writings of Blunden and Sassoon
In May 1917, while Edmund Blunden was mapping the devastated terrain of Flanders near Ypres, Siegfried Sassoon was recovering from wounds in a pastorally set country manor in Sussex, haunted by memories of battle but buoyed by warm reviews of The Old...
"Restless Explorations": Whitman's Evolving Spiritual Vision in Leaves of Grass
The spiritual dimension of American poet Walt Whitman's work has received no shortage of critical commentary. Whitman himself clearly saw his work as spiritual, going so far as to claim in his 1855 preface to the first edition of Leaves of Grass that...
The Heroism of Heurodis: Self-Mutilation and Restoration in Sir Orfeo
Although the most telling difference between the fourteenthcentury anonymous poem Sir Orfeo and its Boethian, Ovidian, and Virgilian sources is the "happy ending" that reunites Orfeo with Heurodis and returns them safely from the fairy world to their...
The Massacre at Paris and the Danse Macabre
Written towards the end of Marlowe's brief life and career, The Massacre at Paris offers a fast moving train of on-stage brutality, leading Andrew M. Kirk to style the play as the re-creation of French history "as a series of meaningless violent acts"...