Journal of Business Administration and Policy Analysis

Journal of Business Administration and Policy Analysis is a magazine specializing in Management topics.

Articles from Vol. 30-31, Annual

Canadian Law as a Mechanism for the Implementation of Sustainable Development: An Introduction
INTRODUCTION Although the term "sustainable development" has been defined in numerous ways, (1) the concept is rooted primarily in the concern for ensuring intergenerational equity. Simply stated, the goal of sustainable development, as defined...
Fatal Harvest: Old and New Dimensions of the Ecological Tragedy of Modern Agriculture
INDUSTRIAL AGRICULTURE AND BIODIVERSITY Agriculture implies the simplification of nature's biodiversity and reaches an extreme form in crop monoculture. The end result is the production of an artificial ecosystem requiring constant human intervention....
Fisheries and Coastal Ecosystems: The Need for Integrated Management
INTRODUCTION How can it be that fisheries appear in trouble every time newspapers report on them? Coastal and marine fisheries have existed for a long time. Initially, people waded along the shore gathering shells and harpooned whatever marine...
Global Consumption from the Perspective of Population Health
Can wealthy societies maintain their health status while consuming less of the world's "photosynthetic resources"? This may seem like an esoteric question, yet Canada has recently ratified the Kyoto Accord. In order to meet its commitments under...
If Sustainability Is Expensive, What Roles for Business and Government? A Case Study of GHG Reduction Policy in Canada
INTRODUCTION Much has been said and written about a new business ethic of sustainability in which corporations voluntarily assume responsibility for shifting our economy to a trajectory that has lower environmental impacts and less environmental...
Is Humanity Fatally Successful?
A framing premise of this paper is that the sustainability dilemma is not merely an ecological or technical or economic crisis as is usually assumed, but rather it is a crisis rooted in fundamental human nature. More specifically, it is a crisis...
Managing Resources in the Global Commons
This paper addresses a series of fundamental issues relating to the governance of common-pool resources at multiple scales. Perhaps the most important question is whether the "tragedy of the commons," as first articulated in Hardin's 1968 Science...
Mid-Course Correction: Toward a Sustainable Enterprise
I. THE SHAPE OF THE NEXT INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION On a Thursday in April 1996, I was in Boston on a panel speaking to 500 people. The subject was "Planning for Tomorrow," and the panel was about technology's role and impact on the strategic decisions...
Oceanography in the Service of Fisheries
INTRODUCTION This paper first provides a short review of the chronic problems in fisheries and fisheries science. It then outlines a different approach to these problems by using examples from my own work. The paper briefly describes the large-scale...
Reconciling Global Warming and Increasing Energy Demand
INTRODUCTION Economic activity and energy use are closely coupled. Today the yearly increase in economic activity is larger than the totality of world economic activity of 200 years ago; the population is huge compared to then and will continue...
Safe Drinking Water-A Local Example of a Global Challenge
INTRODUCTION Over the past 20 years water demands have steadily increased and the controversies and conflicts over drinking water are now a foremost concern of the public. The rapid shift by urban consumers towards the consumption of bottled...
Social Marginalization of Forestry Communities in Sustainability Debates
INTRODUCTION The intention of those who defend old growth or denounce overgrazing is not to denounce hard physical work, but that is, in effect, what the articles [in High Country News] do. There are few articles or letters denouncing university...
Sustainability: A Focus on Forests and Forestry
INTRODUCTION Occam's razor: "Pluralitas non est ponenda sine neccesitate" [William of Occam (1284-1347), an English philosopher and theologian] Occam's razor is the basis for the law of parsimony and the rule of simplicity: do not posit...
Sustainability in Historical Perspective: Canada's Conserver Society Studies Revisited
INTRODUCTION In the late 1970s, an extraordinary research effort was undertaken to map out what a future "Conserver Society" might look like in Canada. Two organizations were instrumental in this effort: the Science Council of Canada and GAMMA,...
Sustainable Resource Management: Reality or Illusion? Introduction and Summary
Humanity's conceptualization of the global environment has changed radically in the four decades since the publication of Rachel Carson's Silent Spring. In many respects, there has been a fundamental transformation within the sciences, social sciences...
The Challenge of the 21st Century: Setting the Real Bottom Line
THE ENVIRONMENTAL MOVEMENT This year is the 40th anniversary of the publication of a book that for many people--certainly for me--was one of the most influential and important works of the 20th century. In 1962, Rachel Carson published Silent...
The Myth, Reality & Social Process of Sustainable Forest Management
INTRODUCTION The management of forests is not only contentious, but also complex. Forest ecology is dynamic and dependent on patterns of unpredictable natural disturbance. Market valuation of forest benefits is only partial, and the values that...