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Military Review

Professional military journal (English, Spanish and Portuguese).

Articles from Vol. 84, No. 4, July/August

A GRATEFUL HEART: The History of a World War I Field Hospital
A GRATEFUL HEART: The History of a World War I Field Hospital, Michael E. Shay, Greenwood Press, Westport, CT, 2002, 237 pages, $62.00.Michael E. Shay, a Superior Court Judge from Connecticut, does a fine job with A Grateful Heart: The History of a World...
ANTICIPATING SURPRISE: Analysis for Strategic Warning
ANTCIPATING SURPRISE: Analysis for Strategic Warning, Cynthia M. Grabo, Joint Military Intelligence College, Washington, DC, 2002, 175 pages, price not available.In March 2001, in a short paper for a class at Harvard's John F. Kennedy School of Government,...
BEYOND BAGHDAD: Postmodern War and Peace
BEYOND BAGHDAD: Postmodern War and Peace, Ralph Peters, Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, PA, 2003, 368 pages, $22.95.Ralph Peters' Beyond Baghdad: Postmodern War and Peace is the contemporary companion to his two earlier books, Beyond Terror: Strategy...
BEYOND GLORY: Medal of Honor Heroes in Their Own Words
BEYOND GLORY: Medal of Honor Heroes in Their Own Words, Larry Smith, W.W. Norton, New York, 2003, 320 pages, $26.95.The Medal of Honor was established in 1862 and only 3,410 individuals have received it, many of those posthumously. Today, there are approximately...
Blitzkreig in Retrospect
Film footage of German victories during the opening phases of World War II in Europe brings to mind a term synonymous with German successes-blitzkrieg. This word might be one of the most used and abused terms from the war, and after 60 years, it is still...
Center of Gravity Analysis
MILITARY STUDENTS defining the concept of the center of gravity (COG) are like blind men describing an elephant. They know a definition exists, but they describe it according to their own experiences, and invariably someone will define COG as "the will...
Developing Lieutenants in a Transforming Army
ACCORDING TO U.S. Army doctrine, "leadership is key, and the actions of leaders often make the difference between success and failure, particularly in small units."1 Leadership is a deciding factor on the battlefield and takes many forms. No one leadership...
DYNAMO: Triumph and Tragedy in Nazi-Occupied Kiev
DYNAMO: Triumph and Tragedy in Nazi-Occupied Kiev, Andy Dougan, The Lyons Press, Guilford, CT, 2002, 241 pages, $29.95.In 1981 Sylvester Stallone, Michael Caine, and Pelé, appeared in the movie Victory (Warner DVD, Burbank, CA, 2004). The movie's plot...
Fashioning a U.S.-Israeli Military Alliance
The United States, the European Union, Russia, and the United Nations have fashioned a road map leading to permanent Palestinian-Israeli peace. The map includes ending terror and violence against Israel; stopping the construction of new Jewish settlements...
Finesse: A Short Theory of War
ACCORDING TO the Prussian military strategist Carl von Clausewitz, "War is an act of force to compel our enemy to do our will."1 This definition remains relevant today, but it needs a caveat for conflicts that include terrorist organizations, transnational...
FLASH POINT NORTH KOREA: The Pueblo and EC-121 Crises
FLASH POINT NORTH KOREA: The Pueblo and EC-121 Crises, Richard A. Mobley, Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, MD, 2003, 216 pages, $29.95.Richard A. Mobley's Flash Point North Korea rolled off the press just as North Korea (NK) was once again proving intransigent...
Gas, Mud, and Blood at Ypres the Painful Lessons of Chemical Warfare
It burned my throat, caused pains in my chest and made breathing all but impossible. I spat blood and suffered dizziness. We all thought that we were lost.-French soldier, 1915(1)A FORGOTTEN battlefield with significant lessons for the future, Ypres...
Gettysburg's "Decisive Battle"
Our conviction that only a great battle can produce a major decision is founded not on an abstract concept of war alone, but also on experience. . . . all fortunate generals, and not only the bold, the daring, and the stubborn, seek to crown their achievements...
Guts and Glory: The American Military Image in Film
Guts and Glory: The American Military Image in FilmFilm and military historian Lawrence H. Suid's updated version of Guts and Glory: The Making of the American Military Image in Film now includes images from the Persian Gulf war and the U.S. intervention...
HOMELAND CALLING: Exile Patriotism and the Balkan Wars
HOMELAND CALLING: ExUe Patriotism and the Balkan Wars, Paul Hockenos, Cornell University Press, Ithica, NY, 2003, 320 pages, $27.95.With Homeland Calling: Exile Patriotism and the Balkan Wars, Paul Hockenos focuses critical attention on the role the...
How Free Can the Press Be?
HOW FREE CAN THE PRESS BE? Randall P. Bezanson, University of Illinois Press, Champaign, 2003, 258 pages, $34.95.How Free Can the Press Be? goes beyond narrow topics such as military-media mistrust, the public's right to know versus operational security,...
Islamic Militant Cells and Sadat's Assassination
Islamic Militant Cells and Sadat's AssassinationPresident Anwar Sadat selected Egyptian historian and journalist Mousa Sabry to be his official biographer, who received access to Sadat's papers, archives, and declassified information. After Sadat's murder...
Joint Concept Development at Joint Forces Command
WITH POLITICAL certainties no longer certain and technologies of war and peace progressing faster than ever before, rapid changes characterize today's world, and bring dangerous new threats to the Nation's security. U.S. adversaries continually and rapidly...
Jordan in Transition 1990-2000
JORDAN IN TRANSITION 1990-2000, George Joffe, ed., Palgrave Press, New York, 402 pages, 2002, $69.95.Because it is Iraq's largest trading partner, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan matters in the complex diplomacy and military posturing of the Middle East....
NONE BRAVER: U.S. Air Force Pararescuemen in the War on Terrorism
NONE BRAVER: U.S. Air Force Pararescuemen in the War on Terrorism, Michael Hirsh, New American Library, New York, 2003, 320 pages, $24.95.Having read many history and theory books, occasionally I like to pick up a book that simply clears the mind and...
ONE DAMN BLUNDER FROM BEGINNING TO END: The Red River Campaign of 1864
ONE DAMN BLUNDER FROM BEGINNING TO END: The Red River Campaign of 1864, Gary Dillard Joiner, Scholarly Resources, Wilmington, DE, 2002, 198 pages, $65.00.During my initial research to develop a staff ride handbook of Nathaniel P. Banks's 1864 Red River...
Raising the Ante on Building Teams
WARFIGHTING READINESS demands a synergy of effectively organized and trained soldiers supported by well-maintained equipment. Command climate, the key influence affecting everything units can achieve, lies at the heart of readiness. The U.S. Army meticulously...
Sea-Basing and the Maritime Pre-Positioning Force (Future)
SEA-BASING defined as projecting joint operational independence in the largest maneuver area in the world, is one of the synergistic operational concepts the Navy-Marine Corps team will use to enhance their capabilities to fight and win the littoral...
Something Old, Something New Guerrillas, Terrorists, and Intelligence Analysis
THE UNITED STATES and its coalition allies are currently engaged in counterinsurgencies in Afghanistan and Iraq. While these are clearly different countries and insurgencies, they have some common features. The guerrilla war in Afghanistan grew from...
The GI Bill Recruiting Bonus, Retention Onus
ONE OF THE BEST and most enduring pieces of legislation that emerged from World War II has been the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, better known as the GI Bill. Signed into law on 22 june 1944, the Bill has profoundly affected American society...
The Recognition-Primed Decision Model
AKEY Objective Force premise is to achieve a significant increase in operating tempo (OPTEMPO). Fundamental to increased OPTEMPO is gathering, integrating, and applying information that helps military planners anticipate and counter threats before an...
THE SEEDS OF TERROR: An Eye-Witness Account of Al-Qaeda's Newest Center of Operations in Southeast Asia
THE SEEDS OF TERROR: An Eye-witness Account of Al-Qaeda's Newest Center of Operations in Southeast Asia, Maria Ressa, Free Press, New York, 2003, 272 pages, $26.00.Maria Ressa tells the real story of terrorism in Southeast Asia. Few journalists and,...
THE UNBOUND PROMETHEUS: Technological Change and Industrial Development in Western Europe from 1750 to the Present
THE UNBOUND PROMETHEUS: Technological Change and Industrial Development in Western Europe from 1750 to the Present, David S. Landes, 2d ed., Cambridge University Press, New York, 2003, 576 pages, $75.00.For over 30 years The Unbound Prometheus: Technological...
TO AMERICA: Personal Reflections of an Historian
TO AMERICA: Personal Reflections of an Historian, Stephen E. Ambrose, Simon and Schuster Paperback, New York, 2003, 265 pages, $14.00.Stephen Ambrose was a great storyteller. He was loud, pugnacious, occasionally profane, loved life, loved America, and...
TO HELL WITH HONOR: Custer and the Little Bighorn
TO HELL WITH HONOR: Custer and the Little Bighorn, Larry Sklenar, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, 2003, 416 pages, $19.95.Larry Sklenar's To Hell with Honor: Custer and the Little Bighorn is a thought-provoking and intensely researched historical...
Toxic Leadership
IN 2003, Secretary of the Army Thomas E. White asked the U.S. Army War College (AWC) to address how the Army could effectively assess leaders to detect those who might have "destructive leadership styles."1 The most important first step in detecting...
True Battlefield Visibility
The whole art of war consists of getting at what lies on the other side of the hill, or in other words, what we do not know from what we do know.-The Duke of Wellington, 1769-1852THE U.S. MILITARY is changing, striving to integrate the promise of technology...
TRUMAN'S DILEMMA: Invasion or the Bomb
TRUMAN'S DILEMMA: Invasion or The Bomb, Paul D. Walker, Pelican Pub. Co., Gretna, LA, 2003, 267 pages, $19.95.If you believe that President Harry S. Truman made the right decision to drop nuclear weapons on Japan, this book will supply grist for your...
Understanding Fear's Effect on Unit Effectiveness
Fear makes men forget, and skill which cannot fight, is useless.-Phormio of AthensENGLISH Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill branded the World War I battlefields of the Somme as the "graveyards of Kitchener's Army." An entirely new weapon of war appeared...
Understanding the Standing Joint Force Headquarters
THE U.S. JOINT FORCES Command (JFCOM) has developed a joint concept development and experimentation strategy along two paths: a joint concept development path and a joint prototype path. The concept development path explores a broad range of ideas and...
WAR AND FILM IN AMERICA: Historical and Critical Essays
WAR AND FILM IN AMERICA: Historical and Critical Essays. Marilyn J. Matelski and Nancy Lynch Street, eds., McFarland & Company, Inc., Jefferson, NC, 2003, 218 pages, $320.000.America's love affair with Hollywood and films is reflected in the military...
What Is Joint Interdependence Anyway?
THERE IS MUCH ADO lately about the concept of "joint interdependence" in future military operations. More than one four-star general has praised Operation Desert Storm's joint deconfliction; that is, the conduct of relatively independent service operations...
Will We Need a Space Force?
IN NOVEMBER 1998, Senator Bob Smith of New Hampshire wrote, "If the Air Force cannot or will not embrace space power . . . , we in Congress will have to establish an entirely new service."1 Because of Smith's and others' efforts, Congress tasked President...
WINNING MODERN WARS: Iraq, Terrorism, and the American Empire
WINNING MODERN WARS: Iraq, Terrorism, and the American Empire, Wesley K. Clark, PublicAffairs, New York, 2003, 240 pages, $25.00.Before aborting his campaign for the Democratic presidential nomination, General Wesley K. Clark wrote Winning Modem Wars:...