Military Review

Professional military journal (English, Spanish and Portuguese).

Articles from Vol. 84, No. 5, September/October

A Joint Context for Training at the Combat Training Centers
The lesson of this war [Afghanistan] is that effectiveness in combat will depend heavily on jointness and how well the different branches of the military can communicate and coordinate their efforts on the battlefield. . . . Achieving jointness in wartime...
A Strategy for the Korean Peninsula: Beyond the Nuclear Crisis
THE ENTIRE international community faces a twofold crisis on the Korean Peninsula-the erosion of the 50-year Republic of Korea-United States (ROK-US) alliance and the development of the nuclear weapons program in the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea...
Blue Force Tracking: A Subset of Combat Identification
AS THE ARMY transforms to lighter, leaner, more lethal future combat systems, Army leaders can draw significant parallels from air combat when considering new combat identification (CID) capabilities. The U.S. Air Force (USAF) has had Blue Force Tracking...
CHINESE WARFIGHTING: The PLA Experience since 1949
CHINESE WARFIGHTING: The PLA Experience Since 1949, Mark A. Ryan, David M. Finkelstein, and Michael A. McDevitt, eds., M.E. Sharpe, Armonk, New York, 2003, 319 pages, $69.95.Books in English about Chinese warfighting are rare; most date from the Korean...
DISARMAMENT SKETCHES: Three Decades of Arms Control and International Law
DISARMAMENT SKETCHES: Three Decades of Arms Control and International Law, Thomas Graham, Jr., University of Washington Press, Seattle, 2002, 362 pages, $35.00.Thomas Graham, Jr., contends that Disarmament Sketches: Three Decades of Arms Control and...
ENGAGEMENT WITH THE PAST: The Lives and Works of the World War II Generation of Historians
ENGAGEMENT WITH THE PAST: The Lives and Works of the World War II Generation of Historians, William Palmer, The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, 2001, 372 pages, $32.00.There are three kinds of historians: lumpers, who use highly technical terminology;...
Engaging Civil Centers of Gravity and Vulnerabilities
IN THE NEXT 15 to 20 years, global political and military environments will require U.S. Army doctrine to recognize the existence of a civil center of gravity (COG) and related civil vulnerabilities throughout the spectrum of operations. The civil dimension...
FACTORIES OF DEATH: Japanese Biological Warfare, 1932-1945, and the American Cover-Up
FACTORIES OF DEATH: Japanese Biological Warfare, 1932-1945, and the American Cover-Up, Sheldon H. Harris, Routledge, New York, 2002, 385 pages, $24.95.From 1931 to 1945 the Japanese Army engaged in biological warfare (BW) and chemical warfare (CW) experiments...
FLYBOYS: A True Story of Courage
FLYBOYS: A True Story of Courage, James Bradley, Little Brown and Company, New York, 400 pages, $25.95.Flyboys, a great, haunting work, quickly engages readers. James Bradley, the bestselling author of Flags of Our Fathers (Bantam, New York, 2000) tells...
From One to Three Sixty: Assessing Leaders
2d Place 2004 MacArthur Writing Award WinnerThe efficiency report is the most disturbing administrative farce in the Army. It is the measure of "following" and not leading. Its weight in "tickets of success" allows officers of incompetence in leadership...
Letters
Letters to Military Review should be sent to 294 Grant Avenue, Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-1254, or to milrev@leavenworth.army.mil, and should not exceed 500 words.Understanding HamasMs Chong Yee Ming, Librarian, Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies,...
Lifting the Fog of War
LIFTING THE FOG OF WAR, Admiral Bill Owens, with Ed Offley, The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, 2001, 296 pages, $16.95.In Lifting the Fog of War, Admiral Bill Owens, former Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, states that few Americans,...
Machines, the Military, and Strategic Thought
We have to think differently. The enemy who appeared on September 11th seeks to evade our strength and constantly searches for our weaknesses. So America is required once again to change the way our military thinks and fights.-President George W. Bush1HISTORICALLY,...
MARINE RIFLEMAN: Forty-Three Years in the Corps
MARINE RIFLEMAN: Forty-Three Years in the Corps, Wesley L. Fox, Brassey's Inc., Dulles, VA, 2002, 395 pages, $27.95.An old axiom says that in every life there is a story to tell. Whether that is true for every life is debatable, but the axiom holds true...
Mentorship: Growing Company Grade Officers
IN 1985, CHIEF OF STAFF of the Army (CSA) General John A. Wickham, Jr., designated "leadership" as that year's Army theme and addressed a framework designed to produce more effective Army leaders. The benchmark for the framework revolved around senior...
Military Application of Performance-Enhancement Psychology
Nathaniel Zinsser, Ph.D.; Colonel Larry D. Perkins, U.S. Army, Retired; Major Pierre D. Gervais, U.S. Army; and Major Gregory A. Burbelo, U.S. ArmyTHE U.S. Military Academy's (USMA) Center for Enhanced Performance has developed a program to improve performance...
Mountain Warfare-The Need for Specialized Training
MOUNTAIN WARFARE is specialized combat with unique characteristics. Military leaders and soldiers need training and experience to understand the peculiarities of mountainous environments and how they affect combat. Armies that train for mountain combat...
NERVE CENTER: Inside the White House Situation Room
NERVE CENTER: Inside the White House Situation Room, Michael K. Bohn, Brassey's Inc., Dulles, VA, 2003, 239 pages, $24.95.The Situation Room is a series of rooms in the West Wing's basement staffed by members of government agencies responsible for national...
Osama Bin-Laden Interview, June 1999: Entering the Mind of an Adversary
Osama bin-Laden Interview, June 1999: Entering the Mind of an AdversaryOsama bin-Laden's news medium of choice, the Al-Jazeera television network, has enabled him to converse in a religious style of Arabic used by learned men of theology in Saudi Arabia....
Poets of World War II
POETS OF WORLD WAR II, Harvey Shapiro, ed., The Library of America, New York, 2003, 304 pages, $20.00.Was it so hard, Achilles, So very hard to die-Patrick Shaw-Stewart, Gallipoli, 1917.This anthology is one in a series published by the American Poets...
Swiss Armed Forces and the Challenges of the 21st Century
MILITARY transformation, which is an ongoing process in most Western countries, requires much effort and engenders significant debate and controversy. Despite its small, uniquely geopolitical sphere of influence and its traditional political neutrality,...
Tactical Information Operations in Kosovo
INFORMATION OPERATIONS (IO) are the employment of the core capabilities of electronic warfare, computer network operations, psychological operations (PSYOP), military deception, and operations security, along with specified supporting and related capabilities,...
Targeting Decisions regarding Human Shields
THE USE OF human shields on the battlefield presents problems at all levels for U.S. military services. At the strategic level, the theater commander and his staff must make targeting decisions after considering political and strategic implications posed...
Terrorist Threat in the Tri-Border Area: Myth or Reality?
LATIN AMERICA'S Tri-Border Area (TBA), bounded by Puerto Iguazu, Argentina; Ciudad del Este, Paraguay; and Foz do Iguacu, Brazil, is an ideal breeding ground for terrorist groups. The TBA is a lawless area of illicit activities that generate billions...
THE BATTLE OF KÖNIGGRÄTZ: Prussia's Victory over Austria, 1866
THE BATTLE OF KÖNIGGRÄTZ: Prussia's Victory over Austria, 1866, Gordon A. Craig, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 2003 (first printing 1964), 224 pages, $14.95.In 1866, news of Prussia's dramatic victory over Austria at Königgrätz caused...
THE BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC: Hitler's Gray Wolves of the Sea and the Allies' Desperate Struggle to Defeat Them
THE BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC: Hitler's Gray Wolves of the Sea and the Allies' Desperate Struggle to Defeat Them, Andrew Williams, Basic Book, Cambridge, MA, 2003, 320 pages, $30.00."The U-boat attack was the only thing that ever really frightened me during...
The Law of War and Civilians on the Battlefield: Are We Undermining Civilian Protections?
ARMY PRIVATE Jessica Lynch captured the interest of the entire world when, on 2 April 2003, a special operations team rescued her from captivity in the Saddam Hospital compound in Nasiriya, Iraq.1 On 23 March, her unit's convoy had taken a wrong turn...
Turkish Foreign Policy in an Age of Uncertainty
TURKISH FOREIGN POLICY IN AN AGE OF UNCERTAINTY, F. Stephen Larrabee and Ian O. Lesser, Santa Monica, CA, RAND (National Security Research Division), 2003, 217 pages, $24.00.Nations act in accordance with self-interest. When nations refine those interests,...
Understanding Fourth Generation War
RATHER THAN commenting on the specifics of the war with Iraq, I thought it might be a good time to lay out a framework for understanding that and other conflicts. I call this framework the Four Generations of Modern War.I developed the framework of the...
Winning the Nationbuilding War
WHILE I WAS in Samac, Bosnia, an Assistant Secretary of Defense visited my unit-A Troop, 1st Squadron, 104th Cavalry, Pennsylvania Army National Guard. One of the things he said was, "We have gotten pretty good at killing people." In retrospect, this...
Winning the War of the Flea: Lessons from Guerrilla Warfare
Analogically, the guerrilla fights the war of the flea, and his military enemy suffers the dog's disadvantages: too much to defend; too small, ubiquitous, and agile an enemy to come to grips with. If the war continues long enough-this is the theory-the...
Zero-Defect Leaders: No Second Chance?
3d Place 2001 MacArthur Writing Award WinnerPervasive zero-defect mentality; it is a cancer that is eating us all-General James L. Jones, Jr.1IN THE AGE of the so-called zero-defect military, senior officers increasingly recognize that pursuing perfection...