Military Review

Professional military journal (English, Spanish and Portuguese).

Articles from Vol. 78, No. 6, December-February

Fort Donelson's Legacy: War and Society in Kentucky and Tennessee, 1862-1863
FORT DONELSON'S LEGACY: War and Society in Kentucky and Tennessee, 1862-1863, by Benjamin F. Cooling. 408 pages. The University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, TN. 1997. $38.00. Most American Civil War histories of the Western Theater focus on the major...
From the Editor
This edition of Military Review takes an in-depth look at US Army information management (IM) and how information technology (IT) is revolutionizing information operations (IO), psychological operations (PSYOP), public affairs (PA), civil affairs (CA)...
Ghost of War: The Sinking of the Awa Maru and Japanese-American Relations, 1945-1955
GHOST OF WAR: The Sinking of the Awa maru and Japanese-American Relations, 1945-1995, by Roger Dingman. 373 pages. Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, MD. 1997. $37.50. This well-crafted study relates the story of "the greatest submarine error" in World...
Grant Rises in the West: The First Year, 1861-1862, and from Iuka to Vicksburg, 1862-1863
GRANT RISES IN THE WEST: The First Year, 1861-1862, and From luka to Vicksburg, 1862-1863, by Kennet P. Williams. Vol. 1, 585 pages; Vol. 2, 615 pages. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, NE. 1997. $25.00 each. These two volumes are reprints of two...
Information-Age Psychological Operations
THE MASTERS OF WAR understood the importance of psychological effects in warfare. According to Carl von Clausewitz's book On War, "War is an act of violence whose object is to compel the enemy to do our will." Sun Tzu, who wrote 2,000 years earlier,...
Invasion, Intervention, "Intervasion"
Walter E. Kretchik, Robert F. Baumann and John T. Fishel's book Invasion, Intervention, "Intervasion ": A Concise History of the US. Army in Operation Uphold Democracy (Fort Leavenworth, KS: US Army Command and General Staff College Press, 1998) is a...
Making the World Safe for Democracy: A Century of Wilsonianism & Its Totalitarian Challengers
MAKING THE WORLD SAFE FOR DEMOCRACY: A Century of Wilsonianism & its Totalitarian Challengers by Amos Perlmutter. 194 pages. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC. 1997. $29.95. Amos Perlmutter is no neophyte in the study of international...
MR Letters
CO^sup 2^: Is it Worthwhile? This letter is in response to an article I read on-line [http://wwwcgsc.army.mil/milrev/index.htm] in the May-June 1998 issue of the Military; Review, titled "CO^sup 2^: Lessons Learned," by Captain Malcolm B. Frost. Although...
"One of the Most Daring of Men": The Life of Confederate General William Tatum Wofford
"ONE OF THE MOST DARING OF MEN": The Life of Confederate General William Tatum Wofford by Gerald J. Smith. 242 pages. Southern Heritage Press, Murfreesboro, TN. 1997. $16.95. In the latest addition to the Journal of Confederate History series, Gerald...
Over Lincoln's Shoulder: The Committee on the Conduct of the War
OVER LINCOLN'S SHOULDER: The Committee on the Conduct of the War by Bruce Tap. 319 pages. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, KS. 1998. $39.95. Students of the American Civil War should welcome this well-researched study of the US Congress' Joint Select...
Pete Ellis: An Amphibious Warfare Prophet, 1880-1923
PETE ELLIS: An Amphibious Warfare Prophet, 1880-1923, by Dirk Anthony Ballendorf and Merrill L. Bartlett. 200 pages. Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, MD. 1997. $28.95. One of the most important figures in shaping the modem US Marine Corps was a chronic...
Prairie Warrior 98: Building 21st-Century Leaders
TRAINING LEADERS for the rigors of military leadership in today's complex environment spotlights the charter of the US Army Command and General Staff College (CGSC) at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. PRAIRIE WARRIOR (PW), the Command and General Staff Officer...
Preventing Conflict through Information Technology
"In peace operations. . . perception is reality."1 - Kenneth Allard WHILE ON PATROL in Bosnia, a US Army lieutenant colonel was confronted by an i rate Croat who, with an old map in his hand, told the officer that he was on Croation territory. Referring...
Psychological Operations in Bosnia
NATO forces used low-intensity nuclear weapons when they conducted air strikes on Serb positions around Sarajevo, Gorazde and Majevica in 1995. -Serb anti-NATO propaganda broadcast, September 1997 The lion's share of attention within the special operations...
Public Affairs' Emerging Role in Information Management
THE PUBLIC AFFAIRS (PA) apparatus for Task Force (TF) Eagle operating in a mature theater peace operation is a unique configuration that is not in any doctrinal manual. It is task organized to provide PA services in the areas of media relations and command...
Red Tails, Black Wings: The Men of America's Black Air Force
RED TAILS, BLACK WINGS: The Men of America's Black Air Force by John B. Holway. 345 pages. Yucca Tree Press, Las Cruces, NM. 1997. $22.95. John B. Holway has written an interesting and often riveting book focusing on World War II's famous Tuskegee Airmen...
Reflections on Europe
REFLECTIONS ON EUROPE edited by Dennis L. Bark and Robert Conquest. 130 pages. Hoover Institution Press, Stanford, CA. 1997. $16.95. Reflections on Europe is a compilation of five essays by distinguished authors from England, France, Germany and the...
Shock Army of the British Empire: The Canadian Corps in the Last 100 Days of the Great War
SHOCK ARMY OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE: The Canadian Corps in the Last 100 Days of the Great War by Shane B. Schreiber. 164 pages. Praeger Publishers, Westport, CT. 1997. $55.00. In World War I's final three months, the Allies hammered at the German army in...
Tactical-Level Public Affairs and Information Operations
.. we must restructure our military for the new challenges of the Information Age, and not just downsize an already overtaxed contingency force. "1 -General John J. Sheehan, US Marine Corps THE PUBLICATION of US Army Field Manual (FM) 100-6, Information...
The Conceit of Innocence: Losing the Conscience of the West in the War against Bosnia
THE CONCEIT OF INNOCENCE: Losing the Conscience of the West in the War against Bosnia edited by Stjepan G. Mestrovic and Akbar S. Ahmed. 259 pages. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, TX. 1997. $34.95. The Conceit of Innocence is a collection...
The Malayan Emergency, 1948-60: The Domino That Stood
THE MALAYAN EMERGENCY, 1948-60: The Domino that Stood by Donald Mackay. 174 pages. Brassey's, Washington, DC. 1997. $29.95. "The Emergency," as it is known in Malaysia, has long since passed. The occasional reminder, like the recent Muslim disturbances...
The Mexican War Correspondence of Richard Smith Elliott
THE MEXICAN WAR CORRESPONDENCE OF RICHARD SMITH ELLIOTT edited by Mark L. Gardner and Marc Simmons. 304 pages. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK. 1997. $20.97. This amazing work, depicting a little-known military expedition in an under-studied...
The Military-Media Connection: For Better or for Worse
THE EVOLUTION of the strange and often strained relationship between the US military and news media reached a climax in 1983 following the assault on the Caribbean island of Grenada, when the media were excluded from the planning and execution of that...
The Perception Management Process
SINCE US ARMY Field Manual (FM) 100-6, Information Operations, has been published. much has been written and said about information operations (IO). Despite IO becoming part of the Any lexicon, much confusion remains concerning IO and its broad range...
The Reluctant Sheriff: The United States after the Cold War
THE RELUCTANT SHERIFF: The United States After the Cold War by Richard N. Haass. 148 pages. The Council on Foreign Relations. Distributed by Brookings Institute Press, Washington, DC. 1997. $34.95. The end of the Cold War has left both theorists and...
The Savage Wars of Peace: Toward a New Paradigm of Peace Operations
THE SAVAGE WARS OF PEACE: Toward a New Paradigm of Peace Operations edited by John T. Fishel. 244 pages. Westview Press, Boulder, CO. 1997. $69.00. Arguably the greatest dialogue within the US Armed Forces since 1989 involves the search for a theory...
The Union Soldier in Battle: Enduring the Ordeal of Combat
THE UNION SOLDIER IN BATTLE: Enduring the Ordeal of Combat by Earl J. Hess. 244 pages. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, KS. 1997. $29.95. In The Union Soldier in Battle, Earl J. Hess attempts to explain not only how the Union soldier faced combat...
The Vietnam Lobby: The American Friends of Vietnam, 1955-1975
THE VIETNAM LOBBY: The American Friends of Vietnam, 19551975, by Joseph G. Morgan. 229 pages. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC. 1997. $39.95. Joseph G. Morgan examines the role the American Friends of Vietnam (AFV) have played in influencing...
Thunder on the DNEPR: Zhukov-Stalin and the Defeat of Hitler's Blitzkrieg
THUNDER ON THE DNEPR: Zhukov-Stalin and the Defeat of Hitler's Blitzkrieg by Bryan I. Fugate and Lev Dvoretsky. 416 pages. Presidio Press, Novato, CA. 1997. $27.95. Since World War II, certain basic beliefs have guided Western historians regarding the...
Unit-Level Public Affairs Planning
"Our worst enemy seems to be the press!" This statement, made by President Richard M. Nixon shortly after the 1971 South Vietnamese incursion into Laos, still reflects the feelings of many military professionals toward the media. The idea that the media...
Vietnam Shadows: The War, Its Ghosts and Its Legacy
VIETNAM SHADOWS: The War, Its Ghosts and Its Legacy by Arnold R. Isaacs. 256 pages. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD. 1997. $25.95. In 1983, Arnold R. Isaacs wrote an angry, sorrowful and impassioned book about the American defeat in...
Vietnam: The Soldier's Story, Vol. 2, Episode 1, "Tet: The Battle for Hearts and Minds"
The increasing availability and decreasing cost of videos has prompted Military Review to introduce a new feature, in which we offer video reviews. Following is our inaugural video review At this time we are soliciting reviews of recent military- or...
Warriors without a War: Defending OOTW
It has been axiomatic since the United States' founding that the Armed Forces' peacetime mission is to prepare for the next war. Since the mid 1980s, particularly after the collapse of the Soviet Union, joint doctrine has required the Armed Forces to...