Military Review

Professional military journal (English, Spanish and Portuguese).

Articles from Vol. 87, No. 3, May/June

Army IO Is PSYOP: Influencing More with Less
THE PURPOSE OF this article is to briefly examine some of the root causes of the ongoing fracture of Army information operations (IO) in general and the dysfunctional friction between IO and the various Army agents of influence, in particular psychological...
A Savage War of Peace
A Savage War of Peace, Alistair Home, reviewed by LTC Robert M. Cassidy, USAAlistair Home's A Savage War of Peace: Algeria 1954-1962 (New York Review Books Classics, New York, 2006) was first published in 1977. It has since been reissued, in paperback,...
BLOOD AND OIL: The Middle East in World War I
BLOOD AND OIL: The Middle East in World War I, Documentary Film (DVD), written and produced by Marty Callaghan, Inecom, 2006, 112 minutes, $24.95.Documentary films can bring a sense of immediacy and emotional intensity to historical events that is impossible...
COMMITTING TO AFGHANISTAN: The Case for Increasing U.S. Reconstruction and Stabilization Aid
THE DEVELOPMENT OF AFGHANISTAN as a successful nation-state is at grave risk, and its failure could have a resounding strategic and economic impact on the United States and, indeed, the entire world. This summer will be a critical time, as increasing...
COUNTERINSURGENCY DIPLOMACY: Political Advisors at the Operational and Tactical Levels
In the conventional war, military action, seconded by diplomacy, propaganda, and economic pressure, is generally the principal way to achieve the goal. Politics as an instrument of war tends to take a back seat and emerges again-as an instrument-when...
DISCOURAGING HEARTS AND MINDS: Democracies and Insurgencies
FIGHTING AN INSURGENCY is challenging for any type of government, but for democracies the task is particularly difficult. This article looks at the insurgent's opportunities and the counter-insurgent's challenges when the counterinsurgent is a state...
ETHICS AND OPERATIONS: Training the Combatant
The ethical dilemmas of modern war, 3 April 2003, An Najaf, Iraq: Faced by hundreds of menacing Iraqi civiliians, LTC Chris Hughes, commander, 2d Battalion, 327th Infantry, tells his Soldiers to smile, take a knee, and point their weapons at the ground....
EVERYTHING OLD IS NEW AGAIN: Task Force Phantom in the Iraq War
Sometimes Army doctrine actually works when given the chance.IT IS NO SMALL IRONY that a military intelligence (MI) brigade came to the above conclusion about infantry operations during more than 20 months of combat in 2003 and 2005. With Iraq as the...
Farewell Message
Tomorrow we will stand on the parade field at Fort Myer and the mantle of Army Chief of Staff will pass to General George W. Casey. It has been a tremendous privilege and honor to serve alongside you, the Soldiers, Civilians, and family members, who...
FIGHTING THE WAR ON TERROR: A Counterinsurgency Strategy
FIGHTING THE WAR ON TERROR: A Counterinsurgency Strategy, James S. Corum, Zenith Press, St. Paul, MN, 2007,304 pages, $25.95.Insurgencies-conflicts in which factions attempt to take over state power by force-have been around almost as long as there have...
Fourth Generation Warfare Evolves, FIFTH EMERGES
SEVENTEEN YEARS AGO, a small group of authors introduced the concept of "Four Generations of War." Frankly, the concept did not get much traction for the first dozen years. Then came 9/11. Some of the fourthgeneration warfare (4GW) proponents claimed...
GEORGE WASHINGTON AND BENEDICT ARNOLD: A Tale of Two Patriots
GEORGE WASHINGTON AND BENEDICT ARNOLD: A Tale of Two Patriots, Dave R. Palmer, Regnery Publishing, Washington, D.C., 2006,395 pages, $29.95.Retired Lieutenant General Dave Palmer's George Washington and Benedict Arnold: A Tale of Two Patriots provides...
In Defense of Military Public Affairs Doctrine
THE SIMULTANEOUS EXPANSION of information operations (IO) and the effects-based approach to operations is challenging traditional notions of military public affairs (PA).1 Politicians looking for more support in waging an ideological war against extremism,...
Life and Fate
LIFE AND FATE, Vasily Grossman, New York Review of Books, NY, 2006, 871 pages, $22.95.Editor's note: Called by many critics "one of the greatest novels of the Soviet era and certainly the best Russian novel on World War II, " Life and Fate way recently...
Managing Counterinsurgency: Lessons from Malaya
Without a reasonably efficient government machine, no programmes or projects, in the context of counterinsurgency, will produce the desired results.-Sir Robert Thompson, Defeating Communist Insurgency.1COMBATING AN INSURGENCY tests a government to its...
Of Shoes and Sites: Globalization and Insurgency
IN 1965, two years before his execution at the hands of Bolivian counterinsurgent troops, Ernesto Rafael "Che" Guevara, the famed South American Marxist insurgent and guerrilla fighter, found himself deep in the African jungles of the Congo passing along...
PARTNERSHIP FOR THE AMERICAS: The Human Rights Initiative
The United States must defend liberty and justice because these principles are right and true for all people everywhere. These nonnegotiable demands of human dignity are protected most securely in democracies. The United States government will work to...
ROUGHNECK NINE-ONE: The Extraordinary Story of A Special Forces A-Team at War
ROUGHNECK NINE-ONE: The Extraordinary Story of A Special Forces A-Team At War, Frank Antenori and Hans Halberstadt, St. Martins Press, New York, NY, 2006, 265 pages, $24.95.Team Sergeant Frank Antenori's account of Operational Detachment Alpha (ODA,...
STATE OF EMERGENCY: The Third World Invasion and Conquest of America
STATE OF EMERGENCY: The Third World Invasion and Conquest of America, Patrick J. Buchanan, Thomas Dunne Books, St. Martin's Press, New York, 2006, 308 pages, $24.95.In State of Emergency, Patrick J. Buchanan delivers an apocalyptic analysis of the potential...
THE LAST CRUSADE: Americanism and the Islamic Reformation
THE LAST CRUSADE: Americanism and the Islamic Reformation, Michael A. Palmer, Potomac Books, Mechanicsburg, PA, 2007, 256 pages, $26.95.Michael A. Palmer's titular description of the West's role in its ongoing conflict with radical Islam as a "crusade"...
THE LONG ROAD HOME: A Story of War and Family
THE LONG ROAD HOME: A Story of War and Family, Martha Raddatz, New York, G.P. Putnam's Sons, 2007, 307 pages, $24.95."Black Sunday, 1900 hours April 4,2004, Sadr City, Iraq. Where the light shone that evening, it illuminated only gore and the clenched...
The Multiple Dimensions of Conflict in the Nuba Mountains of Central Sudan
AUTHOR'S NOTE: With continued massive human suffering and violence in Darfur, there is discussion about increasing U.S. and international military involvement in the Sudan. With that in mind, this article provides an overview of the 2002 cease-fire monitoring...
THE ONE PERCENT DOCTRINE: Deep Inside America's Pursuit of Its Enemies since 9/11
THE ONE PERCENT DOCTRINE: Deep Inside America's Pursuit of Its Enemies Since 9/11, Ron Suskind, Simon and Schuster, New York, 2006, 354 pages, $27.00.According to Ron Suskind, Vice President Dick Cheney developed the "One Percent Doctrine" in response...
The Power Equation: Using Tribal Politics in Counterinsurgency
FOUR SHORT YEARS AGO, the sheik standing beside me clothed in a fine wool dishdasha robe had received yearly patronage from Saddam Hussein's political machine, doled money out to his tribe as he saw fit, and, as his father had before him, maintained...
The Shia Revival
THE SHIA REVIVAL, Vali Nasr, W.W. Norton and Company, New York, 2006, 287 pages $25.95.Vali Nasr's The Shia Revival is a must-read for anyone wanting to come to grips with the rampant sectarian violence in the Middle East, specifically in Iraq. At the...
The SHIA REVIVAL
THE MOST SIGNIFICANT DEVELOPMENT in the Middle East today is the rise of sectarian conflict. This is a process that has begun in Iraq, but it will not end there. In Iraq it has become the single most important determinant of that country's future. However,...
THE TET OFFENSIVE: A Concise History
THE TET OFFENSIVE: A Concise History, James H. Willbanks, Columbia University Press, New York, 2006, $29.50.In this short, well-written, and helpful reference, James Willbanks traces the origins, conduct, and aftermath of the Communist Tet Offensive...
TWICE ARMED: An American Soldier's Battle for Hearts and Minds in Iraq
TWICE ARMED: An American Soldier's Battle for Hearts and Minds in Iraq, R. Alan King, MBI Publishing Company, St. Paul, MN, 2006, $24.95,304 pages.The United States and the Iraqi Government continue to fight an intense and deadly counterinsurgency in...
Understanding the Link between CENTER OF GRAVITY and MISSION ACCOMPLISHMENT
DURING THE PAST DECADE there has been a proliferation of literature on effective methodologies to identify and neutralize, weaken, or destroy a center of gravity (COG).1 This trend continues with the rewrites of Joint Publications (JP) 3-0, Joint Operations,...
WAR BY OTHER MEANS: An Insider's Account of the War on Terror
WAR BY OTHER MEANS: An Insider's Account of the War on Terror, John Yoo, Atlantic Monthly Press, New York, 2006, 292 pages, $24.00.At first glance, John Yoo's War by Other Means looks like an extension of the ongoing, seemingly academic debate on the...
WAR OF NERVES: Chemical Warfare from World War I to Al-Qaeda
WAR OF NERVES: Chemical Warfare from World War I to Al-Qaeda, Jonathan B. Tucker, Pantheon Books, New York, 2006, 479 pages, $30.00.Jonathan Tucker is a worldrenowned arms control expert in the fields of chemical and biological weapons who served as...
William Harding Carter and the American Army
WILLIAM HARDING CARTER AND THE AMERICAN ARMY, Ronald G. Machoian, Oklahoma University Press, Norman, 2006, 388 pages, $39.95.When one thinks of the reformers who influenced the development of the Army in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the names...