Military Review

Professional military journal (English, Spanish and Portuguese).

Articles from Vol. 85, No. 4, July-August

An Organizational Solution for DOD's Cultural Knowledge Needs
OVER THE PAST few years, the need for cultural and social knowledge has been increasingly recognized within the armed services and legislative branch. While much of this knowledge is available inside and outside the government, there is no systematic...
Clausewitz: "On Afghanistan"
The following article, written in the voice of Carl von Clausewitz and addressing the United States and its military leaders, explores the influence of politics on the early phases of Operation Enduring Freedom. Despite official denials that politics...
Defining Success at Guantanamo: By What Measure?
Brown eyes stare back at me from beneath black eyebrows above a ruddy face framed by thick black hair which melts into a long, well-groomed beard. An orange jumpsuit contrasts with otherwise colorless surroundings. Staccato-like rattling of an ankle...
Defining Venezuela's "Bolivarian Revolution"
FINDING A MOMENT in the history of U.S.-Venezuelan relations when tensions between the two countries have been worse than at the present time is difficult. Some in the U.S. Government perceive President Hugo Chavez Frias as uncooperative regarding...
Fox Conner and Dwight Eisenhower: Mentoring and Application
Four years after giving his go-order for the Allied invasion of the Normandy coast, General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower addressed the Army War College. He said his thinking about coalition warfare had been molded by the ablest man he had ever...
Generational Differences in Waging Jihad
FROM NOVEMBER 2003 to July 2004, I read over 600 narratives from prisoners detained at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. While the information I present is anecdotal, I have drawn conclusions about the experiences of the young men (almost all between the ages...
Growing the Iraqi Security Forces
The political record suggests that even the most valid counter-guerilla tactics provided transitory victory that gained meaning only when exploited politically.... --Robert B. Asprey in War in the Shadows: The Guerilla in History (1) POLITICAL...
Is There a Deep Fight in a Counterinsurgency?
IS THERE a deep fight in counterinsurgency operations? Based on our experience as planners in Combined Joint Task Force 180 during Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) IV in Afghanistan, we say, "Yes." Our previous military education and training taught...
Marketing: An Overlooked Aspect of Information Operations
DEFEATING ENEMY formations on the field of battle is merely the first, and often the easiest, phase of a military operation. Ultimate success (accomplishing the political goals of the National Command Authority) hinges on a successful post-high-intensity...
Patterns of Insurgency and Counterinsurgency
WHETHER OR NOT we welcome the prospect, counterinsurgency operations are in our future. Statebuilding and counterinsurgency are primary tasks for U.S. Armed Forces. As U.S. Marine Corps General Anthony Zinni has noted, "[M]ilitary conflict has changed...
"Stay the Course": Nine Planning Themes for Stability and Reconstruction Operations
The object in war is to attain a better peace.... If you concentrate exclusively on victory, with no thought for the after-effect..., it is almost certain that the peace will be a bad one, containing the germs of another war.--B.H. Liddell Hart (1)...
The Battle of Darwin-Goose Green
OFFICERS STUDY the history of past battles to learn how to be better commanders. Yet more often than not, military history is the study of failures rather than successes. Most interesting battles have been close affairs, in the sense that, at least...
Ultramicro, Nonlethal, and Reversible: Looking Ahead to Military Biotechnology
AFTER TWO world wars, the invention of nuclear weapons, and the Cold War, our world is undergoing a military revolution characterized by electronics, computers, communications, and microinformation technology. In recent wars, this progress has produced...
War in Algeria: The French Experience
DISCUSSING THE Algerian War with the objectivity of a historian is difficult. A number of generations of French and Algerian politicians and soldiers have been intimately involved in these events. In both countries, to speak of the Algerian War meant,...
Why Small Brigade Combat Teams Undermine Modularity
The MODULAR transformation of the Army will not achieve its goal of flattening and rationalizing command echelons and providing more usable combat power for operational deployments as long as the Army maintains the small brigade combat team (BCT) as...
Winning the Peace: The Requirement for Full-Spectrum Operations
You [military professionals] must know something about strategy and tactics and logistics, but also economics and politics and diplomacy and history. You must know everything you can know about military power, and you must also understand the limits...