Military Review

Professional military journal (English, Spanish and Portuguese).

Articles from Vol. 88, No. 1, January-February

A Balanced Approach to Amnesty, Reconciliation, and Reintegration
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] SINCE 1969 the United Kingdom (U.K.) has attempted to resolve conflict in Northern Ireland through amnesty, reconciliation, and reintegration (AR2). Conflict resolution in Northern Ireland presents valuable lessons for any...
Beyond Guns and Steer: Reviving the Nonmilitary Instruments of American Power: Remarks as Delivered Verbatim by Secretary of Defense Robert M. Gates, Manhattan, Kansas, 26 November 2007
IT IS BOTH AN HONOR AND A PLEASURE to be part of the Landon Lecture series--a forum that for more than four decades has hosted some of America's leading intellectuals and statesmen. Considering that, I at first wondered if the invitation was in fact...
Finding America's Role in a Collapse North Korean State
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] IRAQI DICTATOR SADDAM HUSSEIN was an irritant to the United States and defied the international community over his weapons programs for a decade, causing some U.S. leaders to push for removing him and transforming Iraq into...
International Law and Slavery
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] SLAVERY WAS WIDESPREAD and legally sanctioned for most of human history. Chattel slavery--the legal ownership of one person by another--was its most common form. Gradually, and especially in the 19th century, the growing condemnation...
Iraq: The Way Ahead: Remarks at the Newberry College Honors Convocation, Newberry, South Carolina, 8 November 2007
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Introduction Last year at this Honors Convocation, I discussed the national strategy that produced the current situation we now face in Iraq. What I didn't do then was explain how to best resolve the Iraqi dilemma. Today,...
Merging Information Operations and Psychological Operations
This article represents my personal observations and opinions and does not reflect the official views of the PSYOP community, U.S. Special Operations Command, or the U.S. Army. ********** [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Isolated communities of personnel...
Monitoring and Evaluation of Department of Defense Humanitarian Assistance Programs
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] If you took all the bricks in the Pentagon and laid them end to end, they would reach around the earth four and a half times.--Pentagon tour guide, 7 December 2006 THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE (DOD) executes humanitarian...
On Luck and Leadership
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] AN ANCIENT TAOIST PARABLE, transmitted by a 13th century Japanese poet, tells the story of a Chinese farmer's son who falls off a horse and breaks his arm. "How unlucky the farmer is," his neighbors think as they pay their...
Operation Mountain Lion: CJTF-76 in Afghanistan, Spring 2006
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] FOLLOWING THE COLLAPSE of the Taliban in Afghanistan and its escape into Pakistan in 2002, remnants of the group were forced to focus their efforts on mere survival. However, aided by funds from illicit opium growers and abetted...
Protection of Arts and Antiquities during Wartime: Examining the Past and Preparing for the Future
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Shortly we will be fighting our way across the Continent of Europe in battles designed to preserve our civilization. Inevitably, in the path of our advance will be found historical monuments and cultural centers that symbolize...
Redefining Insurgency
"OH, NO! Not another suggestion on how to define insurgency! Now we'll have to change all our counterinsurgency doctrine as well!" Yes and no. Yes, "insurgency" needs a better definition to fit circumstances today. We say the word, but it no longer...
The New Legs Race: Critical Perspectives on Biometrics in Iraq
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] THE UNITED STATES MILITARY faces a dual challenge in stability operations currently underway in Iraq. First, it must meet an immediate need by securing its own forces against an increasingly active and effective insurgency....
The Quiet American, the Ugly American
The Quiet American, The Ugly American Counterinsurgency from the Fifties [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] In a recent speech highlighting what might happen if the U.S. should withdraw quickly from Iraq, President George W. Bush alluded to Graham Greene's...
The Rule of Law for Commanders
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Long-term security does not come from the end of a gun. --LTG Peter Chiarelli, Commander MNC-1 A POPULAR SAYING holds that the purpose of the Army is to "kill people and break things." While this is cute and crisp, it...
Threat Analysis: Organized Crime and Narco-Terrorism in Northern Mexico
ORGANIZED CRIME SYNDICATES are modern enemies of democracy that relentlessly engage in kidnapping and assassination of political figures, and traffic not only in addictive and lethal substances, but also increasingly in human beings. To create an environment...
U.S. Africa Command: A New Strategic Paradigm?
This new command will strengthen our security cooperation with Africa and help to create new opportunities to bolster the capabilities of our partners in Africa. Africa Command will enhance our efforts to help bring peace and security to the people...