Military Review

Professional military journal (English, Spanish and Portuguese).

Articles from Vol. 89, No. 6, November-December

Army Chaplains Leading from the Middle
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Those who neglect religion in their analyses of contemporary affairs do so at great peril. --Madeleine Albright (1) We are building morale--not on supreme confidence in our ability to conquer and subdue other peoples;...
"Below-the-Zone" and Command Selection
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] DO YOU BELIEVE that this is a fair and equitable process, that you selected the best qualified officers, and that you gave adequate consideration to those officers with Joint duty experience and those with adverse information?...
Breaking Tactical Fixation: The Division's Role
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] CAMPAIGNING OVER THE LAST HALF DECADE has left an indelible mark on Army professional discourse and doctrine. When it comes to counterinsurgency operations, we are a small-unit Army. Tough fighting and persistent nonlethal...
Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction: The Future of International Nonproliferation Policy
COMBATING WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION: The Future of International Nonproliferation Policy, edited by Nathan E. Busch and Daniel H. Joyner, The University of Georgia Press, Athens, 2009, 395 pages, $24.95. Nathan E. Busch and Daniel H. Joyner have...
Competency vs. Character? It Must Be Both!
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Competence without character is perversion and our greatest threat. --Dr. James Toner (1) ENVISION AN ARMY where Soldiers never sit through classes and stacks of PowerPoint slides on ethics and leadership. Imagine an...
Conscription, the Republic, and America's Future
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] THE U.S. ARMY AND MARINE CORPS are too small to do all that we ask and require of them, and the American people live comfortably with a lie. The lie is that the U.S. armed forces have sufficient men and women to do their job,...
Developing Creative and Critical Thinkers
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] IN APRIL 2009, Defense Secretary Robert Gates visited each of the senior service colleges to present his rationale for budget recommendations to the president. We can infer that his purpose was to communicate the critical...
Emotional Intelligence: And the Army Leadership Requirements Model
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Emotional intelligence is the capacity for recognizing our own feelings and those of others, for motivating ourselves, and for managing emotions well in ourselves and our relationships. --Daniel Goleman in Emotional Intelligence:...
Empathy: A True Leader Skill
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] To lead successfully, a person must demonstrate two active, essential, interrelated traits: expertise and empathy. In my experience, both of these traits can be deliberately and systematically cultivated; this personal development...
Enduring the Great War: Combat, Morale and Collapse in the German and British Armies, 1914-1918
ENDURING THE GREAT WAR: Combat, Morale and Collapse in the German and British Armies, 1914-1918, Alexander Watson, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2008, 288 pages, $78.00. A wise historian once remarked that the Western Front of World...
Engaging the Muslim World
ENGAGING THE MUSLIM WORLD, Juan Cole, Palgrave McMillan, New York, 2009, 282 pages, $26.95. In Engaging the Muslim World, Juan Cole argues that the West's misplaced fear of Islam and its tendency to reach general conclusions about the Muslim world...
Getting off the Treadmill of Time
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] If the new norm is Army force generation and cyclical deployments, then it's time for our 70-year-old promotion system to adapt to support that new norm. --General Martin Dempsey (1) IT WOULD BE easy today to imagine...
Inside Hamas: The Untold Story of the Militant Islamic Movement
INSIDE HAMAS: The Untold Story of the Militant Islamic Movement, Zaki Chehab, Nation Books, New York, 2008, 250 pages, $15.95. Throughout his career, journalist Zaki Chehab, a Palestinian refugee from Lebanon, interviewed leaders from the many factions...
John Brown's War against Slavery
JOHN BROWN'S WAR AGAINST SLAVERY, Robert E. McGlone, Cambridge University Press, New York, 2009, 451 pages, $35.00. Few figures in American history are as captivating as John Brown. Almost none have received as much scholarly psychoanalysis as the...
Lincoln and the Decision for War: The Northern Response to Secession
LINCOLN AND THE DECISION FOR WAR: The Northern Response to Secession, Russell McClintock, University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, 2008, 400 pages, $35.00. Russell McClintock's book examines why Northerners opposed slavery's westward expansion...
MiTT Advisor: A Year with the Best Division in the Iraqi Army
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] AMERICAN SOLDIERS have been advising the Iraqi Army since 2004. (1) During military transition team (MiTT) training at Fort Riley in late 2007, the few published references describing advisors' experience at division level...
Normalizing Japan: Politics, Identity and the Evolution of Security Practice
NORMALIZING JAPAN: Politics, Identity and the Evolution of Security Practice, Andrew L. Oros, Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA, 2009, 282 pages, $60.00. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] For decades, scholars and other Japan watchers have wondered...
Operation Snake Bite: The Explosive True Story of an Afghan Desert Siege
OPERATION SNAKE BITE: The Explosive True Story of an Afghan Desert Siege, Stephen Grey, Penguin Books, London, 2009, 367 pages, $64.69. Set-piece battles are rare in Afghanistan. One exception was a major fight in the Helmand Province from 2 to...
Outliers: The Story of Success
OUTLIERS: The Story of Success, Malcolm Gladwell, Little, Brown and Company, New York, 2008, 299 pages, $27.99. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Outliers, Malcolm Gladwell's third national bestseller, following The Tipping Point (2000) and Blink (2005),...
Refighting the Last War: Afghanistan and the Vietnam Template
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] IT IS AN oft-cited maxim that in all the conflicts of the past century, the United States has refought its last war. A number of analysts and journalists have mentioned the war in Vietnam recently in connection with Afghanistan....
Revolutionary Management: The Role of the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias in the Cuban Economy
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] TO THE OUTSIDE WORLD the Cuban-Soviet alliance of the Cold War era seems solid, but in fact, it has been steadily deteriorating for many years. When Portuguese colonial rule was overthrown in the 1974 Angola coup, three factions...
Russia's Military Performance in Georgia
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] IN AUGUST 2009, Russia celebrated the one-year anniversary of its military campaign in Georgia. In the Kremlin's view, the war was a demonstration of the Russian armed forces' renewed ability to fight conventional wars. Independent...
The Atomic Bomb and the Origins of the Cold War
THE ATOMIC BOMB AND THE ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR, Campbell Craig and Sergey Radchenko, Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2008, 201 pages, $27.00. The nearly two decades since the collapse of the Soviet Union have yielded a spate of new...
The Gates of Stalingrad: Soviet-German Combat Operations, April-August 1942, the Stalingrad Trilogy
THE GATES OF STALINGRAD: Soviet-German Combat Operations, April-August 1942, The Stalingrad Trilogy, David M. Glantz and Jonathan M. House, University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, 2009, 655 pages, $34.95. The Gates of Stalingrad is for connoisseurs...
The Great War and Modern Memory
THE GREAT WAR AND MODERN MEMORY, Paul Fussell, Oxford University Press, 1976. [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] Ask me to recommend a great piece of war writing and a crowd of works jockey for mention: Isaac Babel's Red Cavalry stories; Phil Caputo's Rumor...
The Last Great War: British Society and the First World War
THE LAST GREAT WAR: British Society and the First World War, Adrian Gregory, Cambridge University Press, New York, 354 pages, 2009, $81.00. With the approach of the 100th anniversary of the start of the First World War, a great many books have been...
The Mentorship Dilemma Continues
[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED] THE IDEA THAT MENTORSHIP is desirable and essential to professional leader development in the military has become axiomatic in recent years. An examination of the lives of Generals Dwight D. Eisenhower, George Patton, George...
The White War: Life and Death on the Italian Front 1915-1919
THE WHITE WAR: Life and Death on the Italian Front 1915-1919, Mark Thompson, Basic Books, New York, 2009, 454 pages, $30.00. The subtitle of this narrative history should have been "deja vu repeated 11 times." In Flanders, the Allied armies were...
Transformation and the Irregular Gap
AMERICA'S DIFFICULTIES IN Iraq and Afghanistan have shaken discussions of transformation to their technological roots. The Defense Department (DOD) is beginning to realize that modernizing our Army for irregular conflicts in the 21st century will require...
Unfriendly Fire: How the Gay Ban Undermines the Military and Weakens America
UNFRIENDLY FIRE: How the Gay Ban Undermines the Military and Weakens America, Nathaniel Frank, Thomas Dunne Books, 2009, $25.95, 342 pages. Nathaniel Frank's timing of his most recent work, Unfriendly Fire: How the Gay Ban Undermines the Military...