The Independent (London, England)

The Independent is a Monday to Sunday newspaper, owned and published by Independent Print Ltd and headquartered in London, England. It was first published in 1986 in reaction to the conservative views held by the London Times and the London Telegraph. It has a liberal slant. The Independent's audience is London based, with 54 percent of its readership living in London and its surroundings. Other notable qualities of its readership are: the average reader is 43 years old; 59 percent are employed; 62 percent are married; 48 percent have a college degree or higher; and 73 percent own their own homes. Regions covered include: London and South East, South West, Midlands, North and North East, North West, Scotland, and Wales. The Independent is the youngest of Britain's daily newspapers and is notable for challenging London's more established and conservative daily newspapers. The daily edition was named National Newspaper of the Year at the 2004 British Press Awards. In 2010, Simon Kelner, Editor-in-Chief of The Independent, and Johann Hari, a regular columnist in the paper, each received a Comment Award, similar to the U.S. Pultizer Prize. Oliver Wright is Whitehall editor; Oly Duff is home news editor, and Katherine Butler is comment editor.

Articles from February 4, 1996

A–O O–Y
Of Friends and Strangers
THIS is a wonderful book - a book of wonders and wondering. It is full of sophisticated scholarship but easily penetrable for anyone with enough curiosity. It is also beautifully written; there is not a trace of academic-speak in it. Rather than being...
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Omelette without Breaking Legs
TONIGHT'S main course is described by its creator, a resourceful sergeant-major, as "beefburgers and corned beef a la omelette with a touch of Tabasco". Its French-ish name is a dead giveaway. Our chef has done, he says, a bit of a swopsie with some...
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Open Government Is a Sham, Say MPs
CLAIMS by ministers that they are promoting "open government" are a sham and the whole policy is a farce, a powerful all-party group of MPs has concluded.In a report due to be published this month, members of the Select Committee on the Ombudsman will...
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Out for What He Can Get
2 Outing Yourself by Michelangelo Signorile, Abacus pounds 6.99. Reactionaries are right to carp about the "bad example" set when public figures like Barrymore come out - because their examples really do make it easier for teenagers growing up gay to...
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Paperbacks
! A Social History of Madness by Roy Porter, Phoenix Giant pounds 8.99. The symptoms of madness may be the same down the ages, but, as Roy Porter shows in this entertaining and informative analysis, the definitions and treatments reflect the values...
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Peter York on Ads
IF anything testifies to the notion of Britain as a casino society, it's the extraordinary emotional investment middle-class people make in the Lottery and its various cousins, and in the symbols these activities have generated. The National Lottery...
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Plain Folks Get Sick of the Circus
CONSERVATIVE, traditional, mindful of history, the good people of Spirit Lake like to tell strangers how their town obtained its name.Three centuries ago, so the story goes, Paleface Dove, the daughter of a Sioux chief, and White Star, a handsome Indian...
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Producers Turn on British Gas
THE battle over Britain's gas bubble blew up at the weekend as critics accused British Gas of exaggerating the problem to bolster its bargaining position.North Sea producers said British Gas's over-supply problem could lead it to windfall profits within...
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Profile; the Railroader Is Coming to Town
THE MOST feared and hated men in America's Wild West were not the gunslingers who held up stagecoaches, rustled cattle and fought dramatic duels on the dusty main streets of one-horse towns. They were the railroad barons who towed prosperity to remote...
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Profit and Loss
BACK IN the darkest days of the 1980s miners' strike, Walter Marshall, the idiosyncratic, controversial origami enthusiast who was chairman of the Central Electricity Generating Board, made a public vow.It was his job, he said, to make sure that the...
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Puzzled Private Train Spotters Go for the 5.10 from Twickenham
BY THE time you read this, the first privatised trains for 50 years will have disgorged their history-making passengers - despite last night's decision to halt the privatisation of one of the franchises due to be involved.For the past few weeks, train-...
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Railtrack Rules Delay Safer Stock
NEW trains are sitting in sidings because Railtrack has failed to approve any designs since its creation two years ago, writes Christian Wolmar.Designs for five new types of train and locomotive are stuck in Railtrack's bureaucracy because the procedures...
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Records New Releases
Nick Cave & the Bad Seeds: Murder Ballads (Mute, CD/LP/tape, out Mon). Some records catch your ear or break your heart. This one ties a flex round your neck, fills your skull with bullets and plunges a penknife in your chest. Turning away from his recent...
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'Resign' Demand on Scott
LABOUR is to demand the resignation of any minister criticised in Sir Richard Scott's potentially explosive report over arms to Iraq.Robin Cook, shadow foreign secretary, will issue a public statement this week setting out how the Opposition will judge...
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Rifkind Hits Back at Kohl
MALCOLM RIFKIND, the Foreign Secretary, yesterday hit back at Germany's Chancellor, Helmut Kohl, who last week criticised Britain's opposition to closer European integration.In a robust retort to Mr Kohl's comments, Mr Rifkind said the European Union...
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ROCK; This One Is Born to Run, and Run
BEFORE a backdrop of sagging drapes, like incompetently assembled tents, is a drummer with a vest stretched over his muscular torso. The lead guitarist on the left has a goatee beard and a glitter-patterned guitar; the bassist on the right is as anonymous...
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Scots Turn Nerves into Steel
THE Scots were worried yesterday and their skipper, Rob Wainwright, did not mind admitting it. "All the boys were very nervous before the game," he said. "I was exceptionally nervous and I don't usually get like that." But he had nothing to fear. Every...
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Scramble to Build a Super Showroom in Cyberspace
IT IS strange how fast things can change. Within months, the idea of setting up a site on the World Wide Web to promote a product or service has become almost passe. The emphasis is now on how businesses differentiate their presence on-line and exploit...
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Security Firm Is Worth Monitoring
SECURITY services minnow Orbis, at 41p, marries three themes - security, technology and revitalised management - as a likely contender for stock market success.The group quadrupled profits to pounds 818,000 in the first half of the year and the share...
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Seriously Funny?
AN LWT television director who went to make a film about PJ O'Rourke was reportedly disappointed. He had supposed that O'Rourke was playing some sophisticated British game involving multiple layers of irony, satire, inversion and comic exaggeration,...
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Sheer Bliss for Rovers
BETWEEN them, Tim Flowers and Alan Shearer foiled an act of grand larceny that would have been the highlight of Bolton's doomed Premiership season. With nine minutes remaining of what was threatening to become the most one-sided of 1-1 draws, Bolton...
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Sky-High Haute Cuisine
AIRLINE food isn't a subject to excite the imagination of the gourmet. On the contrary, these cellophane-wrapped, Tom Thumb meals- on- trays tend to figure in discussions about the worst meals ever eaten, not the best.The logistics of catering at 30,000ft...
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Sky's Gruelling Feast Brings on Indigestion
IT IS not entirely derogatory to compare Sky Sports with junk food. On the plus side, it is always available, it has an umistakeable flavour and quality is consistent. On the minus side, it is not always good value for money, the flavour is not always...
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Small Beer No Longer
THE STORY is almost too good to be true. Six years ago Warrington- based Greenall Whitley was a sleepy, family-run regional brewer best known outside the investment world for sponsoring the Grand National trial at nearby Haydock Park.Its future as an...
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Soft School of Hard Knocks
SALZMAN's memoir of growing up in Ridgefield, Connecticut, in the mid-70s is the story of the eternal quest of the son to best his father. But it's also a story about America and suburbia set in a landscape we all think we know - a straight-arrow place...
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Sooner or Slater
HAVING pulled themselves out of their recent tailspin by scrambling a midweek win over struggling Coventry, West Ham continued the good work by seeing off Forest - not too convincingly, but at this stage of the season it is the three points that matter.The...
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So You Wanna Be a Rock 'N' Roll Star?
when the head of Fontana Records goes to bed, he probably dreams something like this: INTERIOR. AWARDS CEREMONY. NIGHT. Close-up on one table: a ring of smiles. An alabaster-toothed ex- Radio 1 DJ (clearly bored) takes the podium. DJ: "And the shortlist...
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Spain Repays Its Debt of Blood and Honour
There's a valley in Spain called JaramaIt's a place that we all know so wellIt is there that we gave of our manhoodAnd so many of our brave comrades fell.THUS goes the anthem sung at reunions by the dwindling ranks of the British members of the International...
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Spinning a Tale
PETER MANDELSON'S wooing of Welling-borough began well. His First- Class train from London was pleasingly fast and punctual. The party agent who picked him up was appropriately informative and deferential. At the pub where Mandelson was to address the...
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Stanislaus Puts FA System to Test
IF A victory could be claimed in the case of Roger Stanislaus, the Leyton Orient defender who was caught taking cocaine last November and last Thursday was banned for a year, then it is a fairly hollow one. No sympathy should be spared a proven cheat,...
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'Steamers' Leap Counters to Rob London Banks
"STEAMING", the mass robbery by gangs of young men running through trains, buses and crowds, is now being used against banks.A spate of more than 30 raids in and around London, in which groups of youths aged between 13 and 15 have rushed behind the counters...
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TELEVISION; Sugar and Spice and Not Very Nice
BBC2's Under the Sun ferrets out the weird and wonderful around the world, from witch-sniffing in South Africa to the dating habits of sexually repressed Singaporean students. But nothing so far has been as outlandish as this week's Painted Babies, a...
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The Alliance Deal: All You Need to Know
Alliance & Leicester building society last week finally announced its heavily trailed plan to convert into a bank, which will give 3 million savers and borrowers free shares perhaps worth an average of pounds 800 each. Here are your main questions answered:Q:...
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THEATRE; Stanley and the Women
THE IDEA that artists put their talent into their work and their genius into their lives must appeal to writers of biographical drama. The heights scaled by the art contrast nicely with the depths plumbed by the artist. Pam Gems has written the latest...
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The Casino Cut
ON THE video monitor, two giant red dice floated into view. One at a time they crashed down upon the green baize, very, very slowly. Then they cannoned majestically toward a distant black void. If the dice had made any sound at all, they would probably...
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The CIPFA Pass List 1995
ABBOTT, JeffreyNottinghamshire C.C.ADAMS, Annabel C Greenwich L.B.C.ALEXANDER, Alison M Gordon D.C.ALEXANDER, David S Motherwell D.C.ALEXANDER, Sallyann A Renfrew D.C.ALLEN, Michael J District Audit - South & WesternALLISON, Finbarr D Cork C.C.AMAHWE,...
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The Death of the Grown-Up
"things they do look awful c-cold/I hope I die before I get old. . ." It's more than 30 years now since Roger Daltrey first mock-stuttered those Angry Young words on the Who's My Generation, and still they haunt us - not least because both Daltrey and...
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The Labour Millionaire Who Saved 'Statesman'
IN the mid-Sixties, a young researcher at Transport House, then Labour's headquarters, used to rush out every Friday to buy a copy of the New Statesman "to see what was going on in the party".Thirty years later, and now a millionaire, Labour MP Geoffrey...
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The Return of the Rock Star
it was never like this a decade ago. In the Eighties, pop stars were untouchable, elusive creatures who expected to be fawned over from afar. The lives of icons such as Madonna and Prince were alien to most British fans - a million miles away from their...
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The School Bully?
CHRIS WOODHEAD, Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Schools, is not a man whose detractors are hard to find. Start asking questions and they come rushing from the skirting boards, eager to denounce both his political stance and his personal style. He may...
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The State We've Been in for Fifty Years and How a Book Could Change It
WILL HUTTON's best-seller, The State We're In, is out in a revised Vintage paperback edition. A new preface rebuts Hutton's critics; a new afterword updates his analysis of what's wrong with Britain.Reading it, I admit to a certain Nunc Dimittis feeling....
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The Tax-Free Way to Wrap Up Your Cash
WHEN Nigel Lawson, then the Chancellor, introduced personal equity plans (PEPs) in his 1986 Budget, he could hardly have imagined he was spawning a pounds 35bn industry, which costs the Government pounds 180m in lost tax every year.But today many PEP-holders...
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The Year I Got Lost in Music
WE WERE sitting in an office the size of an egg-box, in an old industrial building, purpose-built but for what purpose I could not possibly divine. Discarded Jiffy bags, newspapers, coffee-cups, overflowing ashtrays covered every surface. These were...
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They Ran on Nicer Lines in the End They United Together They Ran on Hmane Lines along the Lines of Fainess Were in Good Copany Lines
IN THE first years of the century, the Great Western Railway blasted away the sheer cliffs at Fishguard Bay to create an international harbour. It carved a new railway down the glen through Wolf's Castle to create the last link in an express main line...
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Three on the Side of Dignity
THREE deaths last week - an ocean apart both in distance and in terms of the global significance of the deceased - have diminished the dwindling stock of decent, straight-dealing men in a business where such qualities are sometimes considered a handicap....
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Togetherness Is Not Always the Best Idea for Couples
SOME people find money rather sexy. The headrush when you cut a major deal, or the feel of crisp handfuls of pounds 50 notes can lead to much excitement. So why is it then, that financial planning is such a turn- off when you are in love and embarking...
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Tory's Serb Links Spark Challenge by Labour MP
JOHN KENNEDY, prospective Conservative parliamentary candidate for Halesowen in the West Midlands, is an exotic figure, connected to the highest social circles. The local electors have been told about his engagement to Princess Lavinia, a sprig of the...
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Town the Mafia Shut Down
REGGIO Calabria is exactly the kind of place that should have benefited from the overthrow of the old political order in Italy three years ago.Instead it is suffering the consequences of this week's continuing turmoil in Rome, where Antonio Maccanico,...
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Travel Notes
GETTING THERE: Transatlantic Wings (0171 602 4021) has flights to Antigua from Gatwick with Caledonian Airways. Prices start from pounds 330 and go up to pounds 540 depending on travel dates. From Antigua return flights with Liat cost $144 (pounds 95)...
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True Stories from the Great Railway Disaster
PASSENGERS on services in West Yorkshire between Leeds, Bradford, Ilkley and Skipton are bemused by the fact that they have a newly refurbished electrified line operated by trains that date back to the early Sixties.The electrification was completed...
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Two Weeks in the Life of England's Future
Sunday 21 January: Train with the England Colts at the RFU development centre in Castlecroft on the outskirts of Wolverhampton. Work on lines of running, handling skills, tackling. With the national under-19 coach Jim Robinson watching, it's impossible...
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Up for Grabs, the Wad Squad
GOSH! I'm amazed how many of you agreed with me (and my pet) that the days of the "fat cats" were numbered, and that a replacement expression was needed.Many brimmed with venom. "What's wrong with Greedy Amoral Bastards"? demanded Adrian Brodkin of...
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Viacom in Frame to Bid for Pearson
VIACOM, the US entertainment giant, has emerged as a potential bidder for Pearson, the diversified media group at the centre of takeover speculation.Analysts believe the two companies have much in common. "Viacom and Pearson would make a tremendous fit,"...
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Vision of a Game Enriched by the Rich
WHEN IT comes to football your Johnnie Foreigner is as artful as a cartload of carpetbaggers. Arsenal's chairman Peter Hill-Wood summed them up a treat last week when he surveyed the rapidly increasing numbers infiltrating our teams and alleged that...
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Welfare Cuts May Fund the Elderly
CUTS in social services for children, the disabled and the elderly are likely across England, to pay for the Government's new generosity over long-term residential care.Local councils are predicting more than pounds 100m of cuts in social services after...
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Welsh Win Marks for Audacity
WALES lost at Twickenham yesterday because the penalty count went horrendously against them and because of the suicidal tendencies of their young backs, who ran when they should have kicked. However, such was their brightness, effrontery and sheer downright...
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What Are Little Girls Made Of?
fredd has always known that he is a boy; Lisa has always known she is a girl. But their bodies tell a different story. At 14, Fredd is watching his body develop into that of a young woman while, at nearly 18, Lisa is relying on the female hormone, oestrogen,...
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What's in, What's Out?
Is Britpop dead? If so, what will take its place? We asked the movers and shakers of the record industry for their predictions for 1996."Britpop has become a dirty word. Bands don't want to be pigeon-holed any more. I think things are going to be a bit...
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What's the Colour of Money?
can you smell a bargain at 10 paces? Do you have an eye for the best buy? If so, don't flatter yourself: there's more to it than good taste and discernment. Barclays Bank blue; the swirly lettering on a bottle of Johnson & Johnson's baby lotion; the...
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Whelan States His Case
RONNIE WHELAN was the conclusive winner in the clash of the Republic of Ireland managerial candidates yesterday. His Southend United side scored an easy 2-0 victory over Mick McCarthy's Millwall and moved up to fourth place in the Endsleigh League First...
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Where Were They Then?
life begins at 40, and that's how old rock'n'roll music is now. As such, it can be said to have a history. Enough time has passed to enable us to log its progress, to chart trends, and to sort the beat from the chaff.This history also means that rock...
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Will Europe's Unemployed Pay the Price of Single Currency?
ALL OVER Europe, the cry is going up: create more jobs! Terrified that public opinion is increasingly blaming high unemployment on the European Union's plan to launch a single currency in 1999, EU leaders are searching urgently for ways to put people...
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Williams Starts the Party
GIVEN their exclusion from international sport for two decades, South Africa are making light work of filling up their national sporting trophy cabinets. Yesterday, in front of 80,000 jubilant supporters, they beat Tunisia 2-0 to add soccer's African...
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Woosnam Puts His Back into It
JOHN DALY and Ian Woosnam, the long and the short of it, may be unlikely companions on a quest for redemption in anything other than golfing matters. Yesterday they teed up in the final group at the Heineken Classic in Perth knowing they had handsomely...
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Words
HypocrisyIN ancient Greece a hypocrites was an actor, nothing wrong with that, only doing his job. Then they extended it to mean anyone who played a part a dissembler. In the Greek New Testament it was Christ's word for the Pharisees, and was fully naturalised...
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Yakuza Settle Bad Debts with a Bullet as Japan Bubble Bursts
JAPANESE businessmen are still trying to forget about Kazufumi Hatanaka. Early one morning in September 1994, the 54-year old manager of the Nagoya city branch of Sumitomo Bank was woken by an unidentified caller at his luxury apartment block. Police...
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Yorke Races On
TWO goals in the opening quarter ensured that Villa's midweek defeat against Liverpool did not become habit-forming. Leeds, handicapped by a major personnel crisis, might just as well have conceded defeat there and then for all the chance they had of...
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Yorke's Corkers Lift Villa
DWIGHT YORKE, who flashed in the goal that beat Tottenham last weekend, was at it again yesterday, scoring twice to lead Aston Villa to a 3-0 victory over Leeds United. Villa are now fourth in the Premiership.It took him only 11 minutes to score his...
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