Journal of Biblical Literature

Quarterly journal specializing in academic and biblical scholarship.

Articles from Vol. 123, No. 2, Summer

A Dictionary of Jewish Palestinian Aramaic of the Byzantine Period
A Dictionary of Jewish Palestinian Aramaic of the Byzantine Period, by Michael Sokoloff. 2nd ed. Ramat-Gan: Bar Ilan University Press; Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003. Pp. 847. $109 (cloth). ISBN 0801872340.The release of this second...
A New Heart and a New Soul: Ezekiel, the Exile and the Torah
A New Heart and a New Soul: Ezekiel, the Exile and the Torah, by Risa Levitt Kohn. JSOTSup 358. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2002. Pp. xii + 148. $85.00 (cloth). ISBN 0826460577.Risa Levitt Kohn's interest in Ezekiel's message to the exiles,...
Associations, Synagogues, and Congregations: Claiming a Place in Ancient Mediterranean Society
Associations, Synagogues, and Congregations: Claiming a Place in Ancient Mediterranean Society, by Philip A. Harland (Minneapolis: Fortress, 2003). Pp. xv + 399. $22.00 (paper). ISBN 0800635892.Harland's work is an examination of the literary and archaeological...
Der Bericht Nehemias: Zur Literarischen Eigenart, Traditionsgeschichtlichen Pragung Und Innerbiblischen Rezeption Des Ich-Berichts Nehemias
Der Bericht Nehemias: Zur literarischen Eigenart, traditionsgeschichtlichen Pragung und innerbiblischen Rezeption des Ich-Berichts Nehemias, by Titus Reinmuth. OBO 183. Freiburg: Universitatsverlag, 2002. Pp. xiii + 381. euro;51.80. ISBN 3727813776.Reinmuth...
John among the Gospels
John among the Gospels, by D. Moody Smith. 2nd ed. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 2001. (First Edition published by Augsburg Fortress, 1992). Pp. xx + 262. $14.95 (paper). ISBN 157003446X.D. Moody Smith has been interested in the sources...
Judaism and Hellenism: Studies in Their Encounter in Palestine during the Early Hellenistic Period
[Editor's note: The first of the following two reviews, by Kevin G. O'Connell, S.J., was originally published in JBL 90 (1971): 228-31. A longer JBL review of Martin Hengel's Judaism and Hellenism, not reprinted here, came out six years later (see Louis...
MEMORY, WRITTEN SOURCES, AND THE SYNOPTIC PROBLEM: A RESPONSE TO ROBERT K. McIVER AND MARIE CARROLL
Robert K. McIver and Marie Carroll recently published in this journal the results of an experiment involving forty-three students, in which three groups were asked to write on six of eight topics.1 The first group was instructed to write a brief summary...
Myth and Symbolic Resistance in Revelation 13
The goal of this article is to examine the use of myth in Revelation 13. I contend that John drew on a range of mythic traditions from Jewish and Gen tile sources. Comparisons with the use of myth in other apocalyptic texts and in imperial cult settings...
Philodemus and the New Testament World
Philodemus and the New Testament World, edited by John T. Fitzgerald, Dirk Obbink, and Glenn S. Holland. NovTSup 111. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2004. Pp. xiv + 434. euro109.00/$136.00 (cloth). ISBN 9004114602.As its title suggests, however, this collection...
Plotting Antiochus's Persecution
The history of religious persecution could be said to have begun in 167 B.C.E. when the Seleucid king Antiochus IV issued a series of decrees outlawing Jewish religious practice. According to 1 Maccabees, anyone found with a copy of the Torah or adhering...
Pontius Pilate: Portraits of a Roman Governor
Pontius Pilate: Portraits of a Roman Governor, by Warren Carter. Interfaces Series. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press/Michael Glazier, 2003. Pp. xii+162. $14.95 (paper). ISBN 0814651135.Interfaces is a new series of book-length character studies drawn...
The Archaeology of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls/The Pesharim and Qumran History: Chaos or Consensus?
The Archaeology of Qumran and the Dead Sea Scrolls, by Jodi Magness. Studies in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature. Grand Rapids/Cambridge, UK: Eerdmans, 2002. Pp. xlvi + 238. $18.00/£12.99 (paper). ISBN 0802826873.The Pesharim and Qumran History:...
The Chreia and Ancient Rhetoric: Classroom Exercises
The Chreia and Ancient Rhetoric: Classroom Exercises, by Ronald F. Hock and Edward N. O'Neil. Writings from the Greco-Roman World 2. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2002. Pp. xiv + 411. $49.95 (paper). TSBN 1589830180.This book is the second...
The Culture of the Babylonian Talmud
The Culture of the Babylonian Talmud, by Jeffrey L. Rubenstein. Baltimore/London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003. Pp. 248. $42.00 (cloth). ISBN 080187388-6.In his latest book, Jeffrey Rubenstein describes an academic institution in which colleagues...
The Most Magic Word: Essays on Babylonian and Biblical Literature
The Most Magic Word: Essays on Babylonian and Biblical Literature, by William L. Moran. Edited by Ronald S. Hendel. CBQMS 35. Washington, DC: Catholic Biblical Association of America, 2002. Pp. ? + 212. $11.50 (paper). ISBN 0915170345.In a distinguished...
The Politics of Interpretation: The Rhetoric of Race and Ethnicity in Paul
In most modern interpretations of Paul's writings and early Christian history, ethnicity is implicitly or explicitly defined as natural, inherent, immutable, or otherwise "given." Paul's letters are often read to support the view that the identities...
Tobit
Tobit, by Joseph A. Fitzmyer. Commentaries on Early Jewish Literature. Berlin: de Gruyter, 2003. Pp. xviii + 374. $88.00 (cloth). ISBN 3110175746.The book of Tobit is challenging in a variety of ways. The situation of the transmission of the text is...
What Laws Were "Not Good"? a Canonical Approach to the Theological Problem of Ezekiel 20:25-26
Ezekiel 20:25-26 is one of the most infamous interpretive cruxes of the book of Ezekiel. As Hartmut Gese put it, "Die Auslegung von Ez 20,25f.,... ist schon seit den Anfangen alttestamentlicher Wissenschaft als besonders schwieriges Problem empfunden...
Women on the Edge: New Perspectives on Women in the Petrine Haustafel
In October 1998 an article appeared in the Los Angeles Times detailing the difficulty that some mainstream churches have when dealing with domestic abuse. In the article, Nancy Nason-Clark of the University of New Brunswick noted that although domestic...
Yahwism after the Exile: Perspectives on Israelite Religion in the Persian Era: Papers Read at the First Meeting of the European Association for Biblical Studies, Utrecht, 6-9 August 2000
Yahwism after the Exile: Perspectives on Israelite Religion in the Persian Era: Papers Read at the First Meeting of the European Association for Biblical Studies, Utrecht, 6-9 August 2000, edited by Rainer Albertz and Bob Becking. Studies in Theology...