Law and Policy in International Business

Articles from Vol. 22, No. 4, Fall

An Iron Curtain to Free Trade: An Evaluation of H.R. 4653, the Export Administration Act Amendments
AN IRON CURTAIN TO FREE TRADE: AN EVALUATION OF H.R. 4653, THE EXPORT ADMINISTRATION ACT AMENDMENTS INTRODUCTION In the realm o international economic relations, 1990 has been a year of tremendous, unprecedented change. The...
Bifurcation without Dedication: The United States International Trade Commission and the Question of Petitioner Standing in Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Cases
In the intricate administrative machinery Congress has erected over the years for dumping and contervailing duty cases, one unique feature is the allocation of responsibility to two agencies otherwise independent of one another, the Commerce Department...
Binational Panel Dispute Settlement under Article 1904 of the United States-Canada Free Trade Agreement: A Procedural Comparison with the United States Court of International Trade
INTRODUCTION Under the United States-Canada Free Trade Agreement (FTA), (1) litigants seeking to contest an antidumping or countervailing study determination involving imports from Canada have a choice of forum. They must choose between a binational...
European Community Restrictions on Imports from Central and Eastern Europe: The Impact on Western Investors
INTRODUCTION The promise of a rapid transformation of Central and Eastern Europe (1) toward free market systems (2) has piqued the interest of Western investors and has spurred an in-flow of capital into an otherwise moribund economic region....
Incorporating Women's Reality into Legal Neutrality in the European Community: The Sex Segregation of Labor and Work-Family Nexus
In the European Community, gender equality in employment did not arise out of a civil rights struggle. Modern European feminist groups, reluctant to endorse the existing political structure, had customarily rejected an equal rights approach to employment....
Rules of Origin in Transition: A Changing Environment and Prospects for Reform
I. THE CHANGING ENVIRONMENT: RULES OF ORIGIN UNDER STRESS "Rules of origin" are the rules that govern the legal assignation of a national to goods moving in international commerce. Such rules are required by laws that treat goods differently...
The Gordian Algorithm: An Attempt to Untangle the International Dilemma over the Protection of Computer Software
In the past ten years, a great deal has been written about legal protection for computer programs. Even with all of the debate and the clear need for a uniform approach, the international community is not much closer to an agreement today than it...
The Impact of Computerization on Antidumping Practice: The Petitioner's Perspective
The size and complexity of antidumping investigations has led the Department of Commerce (Commerce) to require that certain data prepared by respondents be submitted in computerized form. (1) Obtaining such information on computer tapes and dics (collectively...
The Submission and Release of Computer Tapes in Antidumping Investigations: The Respondent's Perspective
In recent years, the United States Department of Commerce has become markedly more dependent on the use of computers in administering the antidumping law. While the benefit of computerization in facilitating the Department's data analysis is plain--especially...