Annual Review of Gerontology & Geriatrics

Annual Review of Gerontology & Geriatrics is a magazine focusing on Medicine

Articles from Vol. 30, 2010

A Biopsychosocial Model of Religious Involvement
ABSTRACTNumerous studies show that religious involvement tends to favor health and longevity in the elderly population. Although this body of work has made significant contributions to our understanding of the salutary role of religious involvement in...
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Biobehavioral Perspectives on Health in Late Life
"Biobehavioral" is a term that is gaining popularity to represent interdisciplinary research on biological underpinnings of behavior. It has become a well-used term at the National Institutes of Health in part from the work of the Office of Behavioral...
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Breast Cancer Biology and Behavior in Older Women: Biobehavioral Perspectives
ABSTRACTIn the United States, breast cancer is the most common cancer and second leading cause of cancer deaths in women. As age increases, so does the incidence of breast cancer. In the United States, every 3 minutes a woman is diagnosed with breast...
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Childhood Illness, Family Comorbidity, and Cumulative Disadvantage: An Ethnographic Treatise on Low-Income Mothers' Health in Later Life
ABSTRACTUsing longitudinal ethnographic data on low-income families residing in Boston, Chicago, and San Antonio, we explore the ways in which childhood illness, family comorbidity, and cumulative disadvantage shape behavioral and social contexts for...
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Genetic and Environmental Contributions to Cognitive Decline in Aging and Alzheimer's Disease
ABSTRACTInheritance appears to play a strong role in terms of human longevity and also in risk for chronic neurodegenerative diseases of late life such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Understanding the role of genes in normal biological aging of the nervous...
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Hypertension and Neurocognitive Function in Older Adults: Blood Pressure and Beyond
ABSTRACTAmong middle-aged to older adults in the United States, the cumulative lifetime incidence of hypertension is 90%. Hypertension confers risk for stroke, vascular dementia, and Alzheimer's disease. Prior to stroke or dementia, hypertension and...
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Methodological Considerations for the Examination of Complex Systems in Aging
ABSTRACTBiobehavioral relationships encompass the exploration of links between biological, psychosocial, and behavioral factors related to health. The exploration of these relationships is complex and requires multiple methods and conceptualizations...
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Neighborhoods and Health in Later Life: The Intersection of Biology and Community
ABSTRACTIncreasing urbanization coupled with population aging suggests that the neighborhood context in which people grow old may shape their health, longevity, and well-being. In this chapter, we examine the neighborhood-health relationship within the...
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Personality: Life Span Compass for Health
ABSTRACTPersonality is crucial for understanding health in later life. Yet classic conceptions of personality with emphasis on stability may have limited the empirical attention it deserved in relation to health. This chapter highlights the six foci...
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Roles of Oxidative Damage, Exercise, and Caloric Restriction in Health Span
ABSTRACTThe goal of this chapter is to critically examine the possible contributions of oxidative damage, exercise, and caloric restriction (CR) to health in later life by defining these quantities, discussing experimental studies that suggest their...
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Stress and Aging: A Biological Double Jeopardy?
ABSTRACTChronic stress may take its toll on the body at any period in the life course, but age may be linked to characteristics of stressor exposure and response, as well as underlying biological vulnerabilities, which modulate the effects of stressor...
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The Society-to-Cells Model of Resilience in Older Adults
ABSTRACTAging is a physiologic and psychological challenge that every adult experiences and meets through the process of resilience. However, individual trajectories differ markedly depending on the nature of the challenge, the intrinsic qualities of...
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The Socioeconomic Gradient in Healthy Life Expectancy
ABSTRACTHealthy life expectancy is the length of expected life lived in a healthy state; remaining life would be unhealthy life. When health is defined by ability and disability, the measure is usually referred to as active and inactive life. Those with...
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Vascular Depression: Cardiovascular Implications for Mental Health
ABSTRACTResearch over the past two decades has contributed to our understanding of the intriguing hypothesis that vascular disease burden contributes to the onset and maintenance of depression in older people. Despite the fact that this hypothesis is...
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