Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness

Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness is a medical journal focusing on Visual Impairment & Blindness

Articles from Vol. 105, No. 10, October-November

Assessment of Dog Guides by Users in Japan and Suggestions for Improvement
Abstract: Dog guide users in Japan were mostly satisfied with and used their dogs frequently; however, they requested some improvements in training and in basic guiding work. The findings of the study suggest the need for further improvement of training...
Assisting Handlers Following Attacks on Dog Guides: Implications for Dog Guide Teams
Abstract: Attacks by dogs on dog guides are traumatic for dog guide teams. One variable that affects a team's recovery is how handlers cope with emotional responses to the attack. This article presents a three-stage model for assisting handlers that...
Auditory Cues Used for Wayfinding in Urban Environments by Individuals with Visual Impairments
Abstract: The study presented here examined which auditory cues individuals with visual impairments use more frequently and consider to be the most important for wayfinding in urban environments. It also investigated the ways in which these individuals...
Determinants of the Overall Quality of Life of Older Persons Who Have Difficulty Seeing: The Importance of the Ability to Get Around
Abstract: A model of vision rehabilitation that assumes that functional ability will affect the emotional and psychosocial adjustment of older persons with visual impairments, and ultimately their quality of life, was assessed using structured equation...
Getting from Here to There and Knowing Where: Teaching Global Positioning Systems to Students with Visual Impairments
Abstract: Global Positioning Systems' (GPS) technology is available for individuals with visual impairments to use in wayfinding and address Lowenfeld's "three limitations of blindness." The considerations and methodologies for teaching GPS usage have...
Guest Editors' Page
Those of us who work in orientation and mobility (O&M) have the great honor and responsibility of partnering with individuals who are visually impaired to help them improve their ability to travel safely and independently. As we work together,...
Learning from Our Past: The Orientation and Mobility Archives
Philosopher and poet George Santayana (1905) is credited with first expressing the often-repeated idea that "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it." What is there to learn from the history of the orientation and mobility (O&M)...
New Practitioner Identifies the Need for More Multilingual Orientation and Mobility Instructional Materials
I am very thankful, honored and privileged to be a member of the orientation and mobility (O&M) community. I graduated in 2010, and I just completed my first year working as an O&M service provider in Southern California. In any endeavor, one...
Nonvisual Cues for Aligning to Cross Streets
Abstract: Accurately aligning to a crosswalk is an important component of safe street crossing for pedestrians who are blind. Six alignment cues were evaluated in a simulated crosswalk environment in which the angle of the crosswalk was not always...
Olfactory Cues Used for Wayfinding in Urban Environments by Individuals with Visual Impairments
Abstract: This study examined which olfactory cues individuals with visual impairments use most often and determined which of these cues these individuals deemed to be the most important for wayfinding in urban environments. It also investigated the...
Recent Graduate Recommends Closer Collaboration between Practitioners and Personnel Preparation Programs
As a newcomer to the field of orientation and mobility (O&M), having graduated five years ago, I have been welcomed into this community with open arms and without reservation. The O&M community is full of caring and self-sacrificing individuals...
Somebody's Jumping on the Floor: Incorporating Music into Orientation and Mobility for Preschoolers with Visual Impairments
Young children with visual impairments face many challenges as they learn to orient to and move through their environment, the beginnings of orientation and mobility (O&M). Children who are visually impaired (that is those who are blind or have...
Striving to Provide Innovative Orientation and Mobility Services in Times of Diminishing Resources
Like many other states, California is facing a daunting budget deficit, reportedly about $19 billion. Delayed budgets have held up the disbursement of money, affecting school programs in districts as well as at the California School for the Blind (CSB)....
The Brussels Metro: Accessibility through Collaboration
Abstract: This article describes and analyzes the development of a navigation and orientation system for people with visual impairments as it evolved over three decades. It includes reflections on how users have been involved in the redesign process...
The Design of Tactile Thematic Symbols
Abstract: The study reported here investigated the design and legibility of tactile thematic maps, focusing on symbolization and the comprehension of spatial patterns on the maps. The results indicate that discriminable and effective tactile thematic...
The Effectiveness of Verbal Information Provided by Electronic Travel Aids for Visually Impaired Persons
Abstract: The effectiveness of different types of verbal information provided by electronic travel aids was studied in a real-life setting. Assessments included wayfinding performance and the preferences of 24 visually impaired users. The participants...
Users' Evaluations of Four Electronic Travel Aids Aimed at Navigation for Persons Who Are Visually Impaired
Abstract: Eighteen persons with visual impairments evaluated four systematically selected navigation systems. Their performance on 11 tasks, provided ratings, satisfaction on seven aspects of the assistive devices, and explanatory comments show generally...
Walking between the Lines: Nonvisual Cues for Maintaining Headings during Street Crossings
Abstract: Five cues were evaluated with respect to their usefulness in directing the headings of pedestrians who were blind during street crossings. The study was conducted at a simulated crosswalk, with the angle of the crosswalk varied relative to...