The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 56, No. 3, Summer

Afghanistan: The Rise of the Taliban in Afghanistan: Mass Mobilization, Civil War, Ant the Future of the Region / Afghanistan's Endless War: State Failure, Regional Politics, and the Rise of the Taliban
The Rise of the Taliban in Afghanistan: Mass Mobilization, Civil War, and the Future of the Region, by Neamatollah Nojumi. New York: Palgrave, 2002. xii + 231 pages. Chron. Abbrevs. Notes to p. 247. Bibl. to p. 251. Index to p. 260. $65 cloth; $18.95...
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Anti-Narcotics Responses in Jordan
Jordan has long been an important transit route for the smugglers of illicit drugs. As in much of the Arab World, fears are rising over increasing local addiction levels. Amman has been a regional leader in admitting the existence of such a problem....
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Arab Education: Tradition, Growth and Reform
In recent decades, Arab education has achieved substantial growth in quantitative terms, with enrollments and other indicators expanding dramatically, including for females. Arab students can choose from different educational systems. Yet a lively discussion...
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Arabian Peninsula: The Rise and Fall of the Hashimite Kingdom of Arabia
The Rise and Fall of the Hashimite King. dom of Arabia, by Joshua Teitelbaum. New York: New York University Press, 2001. xviii + 288 pages. Abbrevs. Bibl. to p. 303. Index to p. 310. $40. Joshua Teitelbaum of Tel Aviv University has written what will...
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Central Asia: To Moscow, Not Mecca: The Soviet Campaign against Islam in Central Asia, 1917-1941
To Moscow, Not Mecca: The Soviet Campaign Against Islam in Central Asia, 19171941, by Shoshana Keller. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2001. xix + 254 pages. Gloss. to p. 260. Bibl. to p. 270. Index to p. 277. About the Author. $64.95. This substantial...
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Chronology: Afghanistan
2002 Jan. 16: Interim leader Harold Karzai issued a decree banning the cultivation of opium poppies, reviving a great effort previously waged by the Taliban against such means of making income among struggling Afghan farmers. [NYT, 1/17] Jan. 21: Two...
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Chronology: Algeria
See also Information Technology, Petroleum Affairs 2002 Jan. 26: An explosion in the Bir Mourad Rais district in Algiers injured three people. [BBC, 1/26] Feb. 5: Islamic rebels killed twenty-two people in two attacks on an area near Sidi Lakhdar. [BBC,...
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Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
ABBREVIATIONS AA, Anadolu Agency AN, ArabicNews.com AP, Associated Press BBC, British Broadcasting Company (www.bbc.co.uk) FT, The Financial Times GN, Gulf News Online (www.gulf-news.com) MEED, Middle East Economic Digest NYT, The New York Times RU,...
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Chronology: Bahrain
2002 Feb. 4: The Bahraini Commerce and Industry and Finance ministries decided to do away with the export duties to the US on the locally-produced, ready-made garments to help boost the island's garment industry. [GN, 2/ 04] Feb. 10: In his address on...
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Chronology: Central Asia and the Caucasus
See also Turkey 2002 Jan. 17: Kyrgyzstan's President Askar Akayev signed a law that extended a moratorium on death sentences, and defined a human rights program under which the death penalty would be abolished by 2010. [NYT, 1/17] Feb. 1: A court in...
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Chronology: Egypt
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Information Technology, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs 2002 Jan. 19: The Director of the US Federal Bureau of Investigation, Robert Mueller, arrived in Egypt to discuss with senior Egyptian officials the steps taken...
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Chronology: Information Technology
2002 Jan. 11: As a result of constant government interference, Mustafa Terrab, the head of Agence Nationale de Reglementation des Telecommunications (ANTR), Morocco's telecoms regulator, resigned. He said that he "lost faith in ANTR's ability to function...
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Chronology: Iran
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs 2002 Jan. 19: The US special envoy for Afghanistan, Zalmay Khalilzad, has repeated American concerns and has specifically warned Tehran against sending militants into Afghanistan. President...
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Chronology: Iraq
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Kuwait, Iran 2002 Jan. 17: Iraqi President Saddam Husayn said Baghdad was ready for another fullscale attack by America but would defeat any new military campaign. In a speech marking...
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Chronology: Lebanon
See also Arab-Israel, Petroleum Affairs 2002 Jan. 24: Former Lebanese warlord and minister Elie Hobeika was killed in a car explosion that also killed three of his bodyguards. Hobeika, former head of the Christian militia, was held responsible for the...
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Chronology: Pakistan
See also, Central Asia and the Caucasus, Information Technology, Regional Affairs 2002 Jan. 16: Pakistan's military government abolished electoral laws that allowed religious minorities to elect only representatives of their respective communities. The...
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Chronology: Petroleum Affairs
2002 Jan. 16: New oil fields were discovered in two residential areas in downtown Baghdad. [AN, 1/171 It was reported in mid- January that President Husni Mubarak of Egypt gave the goahead for launching the Sharq al Zeit oil field, in the Gulf of Suez....
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Chronology: Regional Affairs
2002 Jan. 16: US President George W. Bush, citing security concerns, barred union representation at the US attorney's offices and four other Justice Department agencies. [NYT, 1/161 Jan. 24: US Budget Director Mitchell E. Daniels Jr. said that President...
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Chronology: Sudan
2002 Jan. 19: In the Buergenstock resort near Lucerne, Switzerland, the government of Sudan signed a six-month, renewable ceasefire agreement with the Sudan People's Liberation Army to end nine years of conflict in the Nuba Mountains. [BBC, 1/19; WP,...
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Chronology: Syria
See also, Information Technology, Petroleum Affairs 2002 Jan. 27: Two Syrian merchant ships were intercepted and searched by the US Navy. The US claimed this action was part of its war on terror. The Syrian authorities described it as an act of piracy....
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Editor's Note
The Middle East sometimes seems unchanging. The seeming intractability of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict at the moment, and the persistent problems of poverty, population growth, and a history of authoritarianism can easily lead one to assume that...
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Education and Media: Epic Encounters: Culture, Media, and U.S. Interests in the Middle East, 1945-2000
Epic Encounters: Culture, Media, and U.S. Interests in the Middle East, 1945-2000, by Melani McAlister. Berkeley, CA, New York, and London: University of California Press, 2001. ix + 276 pages. Acknowledgments to p. 280. Notes to p. 320. Bibl. to p....
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Education and Media: The Arab-Israeli Conflict in Israeli History Textbooks, 1948-2000
The Arab-Israeli Conflict in Israeli History Textbooks, 1948-2000, by Elie Podeh. Westport, CT and London, UK: Bergin & Garvey, 2001. xii+ 155 pages. Appends. to p. 177. Bibl. top. 177. Bibl. top. 196. Index to p. 201. $58. Elie Podeh's book reports...
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Egypt: A Grand Delusion: Democracy and Economic Reform in Egypt
A Grand Delusion: Democracy and Economic Reform in Egypt, by Eberhard Kienle. London and New York: LB. Tauris Publishers, 2001. xiv + 200 pages. Notes to p. 245. Bibl. to p. 267. Index to p. 274. $59.50 cloth; $24.50 paper. The title of this work is...
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Foreign Aid for Promoting Democracy in the Arab World
Western and international democratization projects in the Arab world, as elsewhere, have been controversial mainly because, unlike traditional foreign aid through government-to-government channels that strengthened executive institutions, projects in...
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Iran: In the Shadow of the Ayatollah: A CIA Hostage in Iran
In the Shadow of the Ayatollah: A CIA Hostage in Iran, by William J. Daugherty. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2001. xviii + 222 pages. Notes to p. 243. Bibl. to p. 250. Index to p. 258. $29.95. This work is an enthralling firsthand account of...
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Iran: Missing Persians: Discovering Voices in Iranian Cultural History
Missing Persians: Discovering Voices in Iranian Cultural History, by Nasrin Rahimieh. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2001. xiii + 167 pages. Works cited to p. 176. Index to p. 191. $34.95 cloth; $17.95 paper. In Missing Persians, Nasrin Rahimieh...
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Iran: Origins of Social Democracy in Modern Iran
IRAN Origins of Social Democracy in Modern Iran, by Cosroe Chaqueri. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 2001. 197 pages. Chron. Appendix to p. 219. Illust. to p. 257. Notes to p. 327. Refs. to p. 343. Index to p. 352. $40. Reviewed by Mangol...
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Israel: The Invention and Decline of Israeliness: State, Society, and the Military
The Invention and Decline of Israeliness: State, Society, and the Military, by Baruch Kimmerling. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA and London, UK: University of California Press, 2001. x + 237 pages. Refs. to p. 236. Index to p. 268. $45. Reviewed by Ian...
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Middle East Politics Today: Government and Civil Society
Middle East Politics Today: Government and Civil Society, by Tareq Y. Ismael. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2001. xv + 455 pages. Appends. to p. 462. Notes to p. 482. Bibl. to p. 494. Index to p. 510. $59.95. Reviewed by Glenn E. Perry...
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Modern History and Politics: Cultural Resistance: Global and Local Encounters in the Middle East
Cultural Resistance: Global and Local Encounters in the Middle East, by Samir Khalaf. London, UK: Saqi Books, 2001. 308 pages. Bibl. to p. 322. Index to p. 326. 35 GBP This is an exceptionally wide-ranging collection of previously published essays and...
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Modern History and Politics: Globalization and the Politics of Development in the Middle East
Globalization and the Politics of Development in the Middle East, by Clement M. Henry and Robert Springborg. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001. xxi + 229 pages. Bibl. to p. 240. Index to p. 258. $55 cloth; $20 paper. Reviewed...
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Modern History and Politics: Rachid Ghannouchi: A Democrat within Islamism
Rachid Ghannouchi: A Democrat within Islamism, by Azzam S. Tamimi. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. viii + 219 pages. Notes to p. 245. Bibl. to p. 258. Index to p. 268. $49.95. Some may say that the subtitle of this book is an oxymoron, that...
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Philosophy, Religion, & Science: Alfarabi and the Foundation of Islamic Political Philosophy
Alfarabi and the Foundation of Islamic Political Philosophy, by Muhsin Mahdi. Foreword by Charles E. Butterworth. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 2001. xvii + 240 pages. Refs. to p. 248. Index to p. 264. $37.50. In his book Alfarabi and...
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Philosophy, Religion, & Science: Unholy War: Terror in the Name of Islam
Unholy War: Terror in the Name of Islam, by John L. Esposito. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002. xii + 160 pages. Notes to p. 168. Gloss. to p. 172. Index to p. 196. $25. Reviewed by M. Hakan Yavuz John Esposito is one of the most prominent American...
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Post-Islamist Rumblings in Egypt: The Emergence of the Wasat Party
This article examines the emergence of the Wasat party initiative in Egypt. Whether such a group constitutes a political development in Islamic groupings in comparison to the traditional paradigm is the main focus. The Wasat is analyzed within a post-Islamist...
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Pre-20th Century History: Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Arab World: The Roots of Sectarianism
Christians and Jews in the Ottoman Arab World: the Roots of Sectarianism, by Bruce Masters. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001. xiii + 199 pages. Gloss. to p. 201. Bibl. to p. 217. Index to p. 222. $55. Christians and Jews in...
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Pre-20th Century History: Safavid Government Institutions
Safavid Government Institutions, by Willem Floor. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 2001. x + 283 pages. Bibl. to p. 293. Index to p. 311. $29.95 paper. This work follows a tradition established by Vladimir Minorsky, who in 1948 published a translation-cum...
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The Committee / A Matter of Fate: The Concept of Fate in the Arab World as Reflected in Modern Arabic Literature / the Last Summer of Reason
THE IDEA OF FATE IN CONTEMPORARY ARABIC FICTION The Committee, by Sun 'Allah Ibrahim. Tr. from Arabic by Mary St. Germain and Charlene Constable. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2001. 166 pages. $22.95. A Matter of Fate: the Concept of Fate...
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Transforming the Old: Cairo's New Medieval City
The Islamic architecture of Cairo, as monuments and as historic city, for the past fifty years undervalued, neglected, and increasingly beleaguered on many fronts, is currently the focus of a "massive", but little publicized, intervention by the Egyptian...
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Women: States and Women's Rights: The Making of Postcolonial Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco
States and Women's Rights: The Making of Postcolonial Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco, by Mounira M. Charrad. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 2001. xviii + 241 pages. Tables. Maps. Gloss. to p. 246. Notes to p. 300. Bibl....
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