The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 60, No. 2, Spring

AFGHANISTAN: Conflict in Afghanistan: Studies in Asymmetric Warfare
Conflict in Afghanistan: Studies in Asymmetric Warfare, by Martin Ewans. New York: Routledge, 2005. 178 pages. Maps and figures. Notes to p. 189. SeI. bibl. to p. 192. Index to p. 198. $63.Conflict in Afghanistan describes and discusses four attempts...
AFGHANISTAN: War and Migration: Social Networks and Economic Strategies of the Hazaras of Afghanistan
AFGHANISTAN War and Migration: Social Networks and Economic Strategies of the Hazaras of Afghanistan, by Alessandro Monsutti. (Translated from the original French [Guerres et migrations, 2004, Editions de l'Institut d'ethnologie, Neuchatel] by Patrick...
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT: Peace in Tatters: Israel, Palestine and the Middle East
Peace in Tatters: Israel, Palestine and the Middle East, by Yoram Meital. Boulder, CO and London, UK: Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc., 2006.209 pages. Appends. Bibl. to p. 238. Index to p. 251. n.p.This book challenges the conventional wisdom widely accepted...
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT: 'Peacemaking Is a Risky Business': Norway's Role in the Peace Process in the Middle East, 1993-96
'Peacemaking Is a Risky Business': Norway's Role in the Peace Process in the Middle East, 1993-96, by Hilde Henriksen Waage. Oslo: Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO), 2005. vi + 246 pages. Bibl. to p. 257. n.p.In a recent interview, King Harald of...
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT: The Israel-Palestine Conflict: A Hundred Years of War
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT The Israel-Palestine Conflict: A Hundred Years of War, by James L. Gelvin. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. x + 256 pages. 22 illustrations. 11 maps. Gloss, to p. 268. Timeline to p. 273. Bios, to p....
ARMENIANS: The Armenian Massacres in Ottoman Turkey: A Disputed Genocide
ARMENIANS The Armenian Massacres in Ottoman Turkey: A Disputed Genocide, by Guenter Lewy. Salt Lake City, UT: The University of Utah Press, 2005. xiii + 370 pages. Gloss, to p. 273. Notes to p. 331. Bibl to p. 358. Index to p. 370. $24.95.Guenter Lewy's...
Blunder Books: Iraq since Saddam
Blunder Books: Iraq Since Saddam My Year in Iraq: The Struggle to Build a Future of Hope, by L. Paul Bremer (with Malcolm McConnell). New York: Simon and Schuster, 2005. 400 pages. $27.Squandered Victory: The American Occupation and the Bungled Effort...
Chronology: Afghanistan
Oct. 16: According to a government spokesman, Afghan President Hamid Karzai stated that Afghanistan would recognize the state of Israel if an independent Palestinian state was established and recognized by the international community. [Haaretz, 10/16]Election...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
ABBREVIATIONSAFP, Agence France PresseAl-Jazeera, Aljazeera.netAN, ArabicNews.comAP, Associated PressBBC, www.bbc.co.ukCNN, www.cnn.comThe Daily StarFinancial TimesThe GuardianGN, Gulf NewsHaaretzJP, The Jerusalem PostJT, Jordan TimesLA TimesMEO, Middle...
Chronology: Central Asia and the Caucasus
Oct. 17: Azeri opposition leader, Rasul Quliyev, was detained by Ukrainian police en route to Baku, where he was to return after ten years of exile in the US. The former parliamentary speaker and Democratic Party Chairman was arrested on an international...
Chronology: Egypt
Oct. 16: Egypt began constructing a security fence around the Red Sea resort of Sharm al-Sheikh to deter attacks on the city after more than 60 people were killed in suicide attacks there in July. [BBC, 10/18]Egyptian authorities ordered the release...
Chronology: Iran
Oct. 16: Iranian government officials accused Britain of involvement in bomb attacks in Ahvaz on October 15 that killed at least 8 people. Britain denied the allegations as tensions continued to rise after the British Embassy accused Iran of supplying...
Chronology: Iraq
Oct. 16: US forces killed 70 insurgents in two air strikes near the village of Ramdi. Observers claimed that at least 39 of the dead were civilians. [Al-Jazeera, 10/17]Oct. 18: A number of irregularities, including unusually high turnout, in provincial...
Chronology: Israel
Nov. 10: Trade union leader Amir Peretz was elected head of the Labor Party, ousting veteran Shimon Peres. Peres, Vice-Prime Minister in Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's coalition, initially complained of voting irregularities, but a Labor committee said...
Chronology: Lebanon
Oct. 20: In preparation for the release of the United Nations (UN) special report on the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri, forces were deployed in Beirut and other key cities. The head of the UN investigation, Dhetlev Mehlis, was set...
Chronology: Palestinian Affairs
Oct. 17: Twelve Palestinian factions signed an agreement to honor the results of the January 2006 parliamentary elections for the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC), and to refrain from carrying weapons while campaigning. Hamas leader Mahmud Zahar...
Chronology: Regional Affairs
Oct. 18: Lebanon's public prosecutor charged former Syrian intelligence official Muhammad Zuhair al-Siddiq with murder over the assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri. Al-Siddiq was the first Syrian implicated in the assassination;...
Chronology: Saudi Arabia
Oct. 16: King 'Abdullah announced the creation of a National security Council headed by Prince Bandar Bin Sultan, former Ambassador to the United States. The council was created as part of 'Abdullah's national strategy to fight terrorism, through which...
Chronology: Sudan
Oct. 17: Nearly 200 prisoners who were being held by southern Sudanese rebels were released under the terms of the January 2005 peace agreement, which ended 21 years of north-south civil war. After the International Committee of the Red Cross safely...
Chronology: Syria
Oct. 18: A dozen liberal, pan-Arab nationalists, and Arab and Kurdish left-wing political parties signed the Damascus Declaration, a petition to promote greater freedoms and demand a new constitution to usher in political pluralism. They called on Damascus...
Chronology: Turkey
Oct. 21: The arrest of a university rector on October 14 on charges of corruption brought angry responses from the secular Higher Education Board. The board called the move an attempt by Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan's Islamic-rooted government...
Communications
The JOURNAL welcomes comments from its readers. All communications should be addressed to the Editor and bear the full name and address of the writer. A selection of those received will be published periodically in these columns. When a comment is received...
Editor's Note
As this issue goes to press, the stalemate over Iran's nuclear program continues, and Iran has been conducting military exercises in the Gulf, testing new missiles, and reminding the world that, with or without a nuclear program, it remains a formidable...
Good for the Shah, Banned for the Mullahs: The West and Iran's Quest for Nuclear Power
Iran's nuclear program has become a highly controversial issue in international politics since the August 2002 unveiling of the secretly built uranium enrichment facility in Natanz and the heavy-water production plant in Arak. American officials nnd...
IRAN: Between Warrior Brother and Veiled Sister: Islamic Fundamentalism and the Politics of Patriarchy in Iran
Between Warrior Brother and Veiled Sister: Islamic Fundamentalism and the Politics of Patriarchy in Iran, by Minoo Moallem. Berkeley, Los Angeles, CA and London, UK: University of California Press, 2005. ix+ 187 pages. Gloss to p. 195. Notes to p. 223....
Iran's Policy towards Afghanistan
Since 1979, Iran's objectives in Afghanistan have changed as Afghanistan's domestic landscape changed. Still, Iran has consistently sought to see a stable and independent Afghanistan, with Herat as a buffer zone and with a Tehran-friendly government...
IRAN: The "Great Satan" vs. the "Mad Mullahs": How the United States and Iran Demonize Each Other
IRAN The "Great Satan" vs. the "Mad Mullahs": How the United States and Iran Demonize Each Other, by William Beeman. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2005. xiv + 215 pages. Notes to p. 237. Bibl. to p. 272. Index to p. 298. $49.95.Brown University Professor William...
IRAQ: Memories of State: Politics, History and Collective Identity in Modern Iraq
IRAQ Memories of State: Politics, History and Collective Identity in Modern Iraq, by Eric Davis. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA and London, UK: University of California Press, 2005. xxiii + 283 pages. Appends, to p. 289. Notes to p. 352. Gloss, to p. 356....
ISRAEL: Arrows in the Dark: David Ben Gurion, the Yishuv Leadership, and Rescue Attempts during the Holocaust
ISRAEL Arrows in the Dark: David Ben Gurion, the Yishuv Leadership, and Rescue Attempts during the Holocaust, by Tuvia Friling. (2 vols) Madison, WI: The University of Wisconsin Press, 2005. Vol. 1: ix + 355 pages. Notes to p. 387. Vol. 2: 219 pages....
ISRAEL: Coffins on Our Shoulders: The Experience of the Palestinian Citizens of Israel
Coffins on Our Shoulders: The Experience of the Palestinian Citizens of Israel, by Dan Rabinowitz and Khawla Abu-Baker. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 2005. xi + 184 pages. Notes to p. 200. Ref. to p. 212. About the authors....
ISRAEL: Cross on the Star of David: The Christian World in Israel's Foreign Policy, 1948-1967
Cross on the Star of David: The Christian World in Israel's Foreign Policy, 1948-1967, by Uri Bialer. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2005. 264 pages $39.95.Uri Bialer's study of Israel's relations with the Christian world draws upon recently...
KURDS: The Kurds and the State: Evolving National Identity in Iraq, Turkey, and Iran
KURDS The Kurds and the State: Evolving National Identity in Iraq, Turkey, and Iran, by Denise Natali. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2005. xxx + 189 pages. Illustrations in text. Gloss, to p. 197. Works cited to p. 226. Index to p. 238. $29.95.This...
Markets and Fences: Illusions of Peace
The resolution of long-term and protracted conflicts requires peace builders to address the underlying structural, relational, and cultural roots of the conflict. But, operating within a two-level game of domestic and international cross-pressures, policymakers...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: British Policy in Aden and the Protectorates, 1955-1967: Last Outpost of a Middle East Empire
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS British Policy in Aden and the Protectorates, 1955-1967: Last Outpost of a Middle East Empire, by Spencer Mawby. London, UK and New York: Routledge, 2005. xiii + 191 pages. Map. Abbrevs. Bibl. to p. 204. Index to p. 210. $75.What...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS:The Great Syrian Revolt and the Rise of Arab Nationalism
The Great Syrian Revolt and the Rise of Arab Nationalism, by Michael Provence. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2005. xiv + 153 pages. Abbrevs. Map. Notes to p. 189. Bibl. to p. 204. Index to p. 209. $50 cloth; $21.95 paper.In recent years, some...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: The Middle East in International Relations
The Middle East in International Relations, by Fred Halliday. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. xii + 324 pages. Appends, to p. 355. Sel. bibl. to p. 366. Index to p. 374. $65 cloth; $21.99 paper.This book is a rich feast,...
MOROCCO: Morocco: The Islamist Awakening and Other Challenges
MOROCCO Morocco: The Islamist Awakening and Other Challenges, by Marvine Howe. Oxford, UK and New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. xi + 380 pages. Map. Photos. Notes to p. 393. Gloss, to p. 397. Bibl. to p. 403. Index to p. 428. $29.95.It is not...
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS: Landscape of Hope and Despair: Palestinian Refugee Camps
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS Landscape of Hope and Despair: Palestinian Refugee Camps, by Julie Peteet. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005. xiii + 226 pages. Notes to p. 238. Bibl. to p. 252. Index to p. 260. Acknowledgments. $55.Julie...
Stumbling Decidedly into the Six-Day War
In the historiography of the 1967 War, the common reading is to portray it as an "inadvertent war." Using recently declassified documents, this article offers an alternative interpretation. In critically examining existing master plan theories, it is...
SYRIA: Asad in Search of Legitimacy: Message and Rhetoric in the Syrian Press under Hafiz and Bashar
SYRIA Asad in Search of Legitimacy: Message and Rhetoric in the Syrian Press under Hafiz and Bashar, by Mordechai Kedar. Brighton, UK: Sussex Academic Press, 2005. xvii + 288 pages. Bibl. to p. 290. Index to p. 302. $79.50.This book, based on a systematic...
The Struggle over Political Order in Egypt: The 2005 Elections
Although many have dismissed Egypt's first competitive presidential elections and the parliamentary elections of 2005 as a sham, the election campaigns marked a new departure in the Egyptian political sphere, including a shift in the domestic political...
TURKEY: The Kemalists: Islamic Revival and the Fate of Secular Turkey
TURKEY The Kemalists: Islamic Revival and the Fate of secular Turkey, by Muammer Kaylan. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2005. x + 460 pages. Illustrations. Index to p. 482. $28.This is a very pessimistic as well as a non-informed essay on Turkey by a...
TURKEY: The Politics of Turkish Democracy: Ismet Inönü and the Formation of the Multi-Party System, 1938-1950
The Politics of Turkish Democracy: Ismet Inönü and the Formation of the MultiParty System, 1938-1950, by John M. VanderLippe. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2005. iii + 209 pages. Endnotes to p. 244. Bibl. to p. 264. Index to p. 271....