The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 62, No. 1, Winter

ALGERIA: Managing Instability in Algeria: Elites and Political Change since 1995
ALGERIA: Managing Instability in Algeria: Elites and Political Change since 1995, by Isabelle Werenfels. Abingdon, Oxon, UK and New York: Routledge, 2007. xv + 170 pages. Appends. to p. 173. Notes to p. 206. Bibl. to p. 217. Index to p. 229. $120.Reviewed...
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT: The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT: The Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine, by Ilan Pappe. Oxford, UK: Oneworld, 2006. xviii + 261 pages. Notes to p. 281. Chron. to p. 287. Maps. to p. 294. Tables. Bibl. to p. 300. Index to p. 313. $27.50.Reviewed by Uri RamIt would be...
A Stable Structure on Shifting Sands: Assessing the Hizbullah-Iran-Syria Relationship
Iran and Syria were instrumental in the creation of Lebanese Hizbullah 25 years ago, and although all three actors have faced significant outside pressures during that time, their relationship has endured. Yet the relationship has evolved, too, with...
Chronology: Afghanistan/Algeria/Bahrain/Egypt/Iran/Iraq/Israel/Jordan/Kuwait/Lebanon/Libya/Mauritania/Morocco/Oman/Pakistan/Qatar/Saudi Arabia/Sudan/Syria/Tunisia/Turkey/United Arab Emirates/Yemen
AfghanistanJul. 22: Twenty-three South Koreans were abducted by Taliban militants who threatened to kill the hostages if the Afghan government refused to release an equal number of the ousted regime's Islamist insurgents. Negotiations continued between...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
July 16, 2007 - October 15, 2007Jul. 20: As part of a US-backed deal to support Palestinian Authority (PA) President Mahmud 'Abbas' government, Israel released 255 Palestinian prisoners from the Kitsiyot prison in southern Israel to Ramallah. Most of...
Chronology: Central Asia and the Caucasus
Jul. 26: The Tajik Interior Ministry received $1.4 million worth of gear and new facilities, including a forensic laboratory and police-training base, from the US to bolster it's fight against drug trafficking. The assistance, from the US State Department's...
Chronology: Palestinian Affairs-General
Jul. 17: US President George W. Bush pledged almost $190 million in direct finacial aid as well as diplomatic support to President 'Abbas' emergency government. After Hamas' victory in the January 2006 elections, the US severed direct support of the...
Chronology: Petroleum Affairs-General
Aug. 17: David Chalmers, the head of Bayoil USA Inc. and Bayoil Supply and Trading Ltd., pled guilty to paying millions of dollars in kickbacks to Iraq during the life of the UN oil-for-food program, which ended in 2003. Chalmers was accused of depositing...
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS: Globalization and Geopolitics in the Middle East: Old Games, New Rules
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS: Globalization and Geopolitics in the Middle East: Old Games, New Rules, by Anoushiravan Ehteshami. London, UK and New York: Routledge, 2007. 258 pages. xii + 196 pages. Tables. Notes to p. 228. Sel. bibl. to p. 241. Index to p. 258....
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS: The Oil and the Glory: The Pursuit of Empire and Fortune on the Caspian Sea
The Oil and the Glory: The Pursuit of Empire and Fortune on the Caspian Sea, by Steve LeVine. New York: Random House, 2007. xxiv + 399 pages. Chron. Maps. Acknowl. to p. 404. Bibl. to p. 408. Notes to p. 447. Index to p. 470. $27.95.Reviewed by Robert...
Editor's Note
Two countries are each the subject of two articles in this issue: one, Iran, which has dominated the headlines recently, and another, Libya, which has received much less attention of late. In the wake of the recent National Intelligence Estimate on Iran's...
EDUCATION AND MEDIA: Iranian Cinema: A Political History
EDUCATION AND MEDIA: Iranian Cinema: A Political History, by Hamid Reza Sadr. New York: I.B. Tauris & Co. Ltd., 2006. xii + 287 pages. Notes to 291. Index to 303. $85 cloth; $28.95 paper.Reviewed by Anne BennettThis book describes how domestic political...
EDUCATION AND MEDIA: (Un)Civil War of Words: Media and Politics in the Arab World
(Un)Civil War of Words: Media and Politics in the Arab World, by Mamoun Fandy. Wwestport, CT and London, UK: Praeger Security International, 2007. 143 pages. Notes to p. 160. Index to p. 164. $49.95.Reviewed by Tarik SabryMamoun Fandy's (Un)Civil War...
From the Myth of European Union Accession to Disillusion: Implications for Religious and Ethnic Politicization in Turkey
At the present time, there are no clear outcomes in Turkey's European Union (EU) accession process. By the end of the two years following the rise of the pro-Islamist Justice and Development Party (AKP) to the government in 2002, Turkey's accession process...
IRAN: Bazaar and State in Iran: The Politics of the Tehran Marketplace
Bazaar and State in Iran: The Politics of the Tehran Marketplace, by Arang Keshavarzian. Cambridge, UK, and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. xiv + 282 pages. Figures. Maps. Sel. bibl. to p. 297. Index to p. 302. $85.Reviewed by Misagh ParsaArang...
Iran's New Iraq
The US invasion of Iraq has revolutionized the strategic architecture of the Persian Gulf in a manner that is still difficult to fully appreciate. Among the relationships that have been dramatically altered by America's move are the ties between Iran...
IRAN: Treacherous Alliance: The Secret Dealings of Israel, Iran, and the United States
IRAN: Treacherous Alliance: The Secret Dealings of Israel, Iran, and the United States, by Trita Parsi. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2007. 384 pages. $28.Reviewed by R.K. RamazaniDr. Trita Parsi's Treacherous Alliance: The Secret Dealings of...
IRAQ: Iraqi Women: Untold Stories from 1948 to the Present
IRAQ: Iraqi Women: Untold Stories from 1948 to the Present, by Nadie Sadig Al-Ali. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007. xii + 271 pages. Notes to p. 280. Refs. to p. 287. Index to p. 292. $108 cloth; $75 paper.Reviewed by Ayad Al-QazzazIraqi Women: Untold...
Islam in Europe
Islamic Political Radicalism: A European Perspective, ed. by Tahir Abbas. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2007. xiv + 302 pages. Index to p. 306. $100 cloth; $32 paper.While Europe Slept: How Radical Islam is Destroying the West from Within, by...
KURDS: The Structure of Kurdish Society and the Struggle for a Kurdish State
KURDS: The Structure of Kurdish Society and the Struggle for a Kurdish State, by Hussein Tahiri. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, Inc., 2007. xiv + 348 pages. Appends. to p. 365. Bibl. to p. 388. Index to p. 396. $45 paper.Reviewed by Nader EntessarThe...
Libya's Nuclear Turnaround: Perspectives from Tripoli
This article examines Libya's nuclear rollback in light of sources that have emerged since December 2003. These sources offer new perspectives on the Libyan regime's motives for pursuing nuclear weapons, why it concluded that the effort to acquire nuclear...
MAGHRIB: Orientalist Aesthetics: Art, Colonialism and French North Africa, 1880-1930
MAGHRIB: Orientalist Aesthetics: Art, Colonialism and French North Africa, 1880-1930, by Roger Benjamin. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2003. 352 pages. 16 color plates. 123 b/w illust. Bibl. Index.Reviewed by Stephen SheehiTwo analytical...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: Among the Righteous: Lost Stories from the Holocaust's Long Reach into Arab Lands
Among the Righteous: Lost Stories from the Holocaust?s Long Reach into Arab Lands, by Robert Satloff. New York: Public Affairs, 2006. 204 pages. Notes to 227. Bibl. to p. 239. Index to p. 251. $26.Reviewed by Joseph V. MontvilleOn the afternoon of September...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: Foxbats over Dimona: The Soviets' Nuclear Gamble in the Six-Day War
Foxbats over Dimona: The Soviets' Nuclear Gamble in the Six-Day War, by Isabella Ginor and Gideon Remez. New Haven, CT and London, UK: Yale University Press, 2007. xiii + 218 pages. Notes to p. 264. Works cited to p. 273. Index to p. 287. $26.Reviewed...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: Manufacturing Human Bombs: The Making of Palestinian Suicide Bombers/Suicide Bombers in Iraq: The Strategy and Ideology of Martyrdom/Understanding and Addressing Suicide Attacks: The Faith and Politics of Martyrdom Operations
Manufacturing Human Bombs: The Making of Palestinian Suicide Bombers , by Mohammed Hafez. Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace, 2006. 75 pages. Appends. to p. 98. Notes to p. 109. Resources for further research to p. 113. Index to p. 124....
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: Negotiating for the Past: Archeology, Nationalism, and Diplomacy in the Middle East, 1919-1941
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: Negotiating for the Past: Archeology, Nationalism, and Diplomacy in the Middle East, 1919-1941, by James F. Goode. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2007. xii + 233 pages. Notes to p. 265. Bibl. to p. 208. Index to p....
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: The Three Occupied UAE Islands: The Tunbs and Abu Musa
The Three Occupied UAE Islands: The Tunbs and Abu Musa, by Thomas R. Mattair. Abu Dhabi: The Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research, 2005. x + 440 pages. Notes to p. 554. Bibl. to p. 562. Index to p. 588. 39.50 BP.Reviewed by Richard SchofieldIn...
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS: Winning the Right War: The Path to Security for America and the World
Winning the Right War: The Path to Security for America and the World, by Philip H. Gordon. New York: Times Books, 2007. xviii + 162 pages. Notes to p. 191. Acknowl. to p. 194. Index to p. 203. $24.Reviewed by Michael SternerPhilip Gordon's latest book...
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS: A Quiet Revolution: The First Palestinian Intifada and Nonviolent Resistance
A Quiet Revolution: The First Palestinian Intifada and Nonviolent Resistance , by Mary Elizabeth King. New York: Nation Books, 2007. xvi + 347 pages. Appends. to p. 357. Notes to p. 448. Index to p. 464. $16.95 paper.Reviewed by Fadwa Al-LabadiMary Elizabeth...
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS: Identity and Religion in Palestine: The Struggle between Islamism and Secularism in the Occupied Territories
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS: Identity and Religion in Palestine: The Struggle between Islamism and Secularism in the Occupied Territories, by Loren Lybarger. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2007. xxiv + 246 pages. Bibl. to p. 255. Index to...
PALESTINE AND PALESTINIANS: The Palestinian Press as a Shaper of Public Opinion 1929-1939: Writing Up a Storm
The Palestinian Press as a Shaper of Public Opinion 1929-1939: Writing up a Storm, by Mustafa Kabha. London UK and Portland, OR: Vallentine Mitchell, 2007. xxvii + 271 pages. Appends. to p. 275. Refs. to p. 280. Index to p. 292. $95 cloth; $35 paper.Reviewed...
PRE-20TH CENTURY HISTORY: Safavid Iran: Rebirth of an Empire
PRE-20TH CENTURY HISTORY: Safavid Iran: Rebirth of an Empire , by Andrew J. Newman. London, UK: IB Taurus, 2006. xii + 128 pages. Appends. to p. 144. Notes to p. 281. Index. 35 BP.Reviewed by Willem FloorIn eight chapters and an epilogue, Andrew J. Nathan...
Recent Publications
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICTPsychological Warfare in the Intifada: Israeli and Palestinian Media Politics and Military Strategies, by Ron Schleifer. Brighton, UK and Portland, OR: Sussex Academic Press, 2007. ix + 192 pages. Appendix to p. 199. Notes to p....
SAUDI ARABIA: Discovery! the Search for Arabian Oil
SAUDI ARABIA: Discovery! The Search for Arabian Oil , by Wallace Stegner. Foreword by Thomas W. Lippman. Vista, CA: Selwa Press, 2007. xxiv + 245 pages. Map. Photos. Gloss. to p. 248. Bibl. to p. 252. Index to p 259. $24.95.Reviewed by David E. Long"How...
SUDAN: Darfur's Sorrow: A History of Destruction and Genocide
SUDAN: Darfur's Sorrow: A History of Destruction and Genocide, by Martin Daly. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007. xix + 316 pages. Maps. Gloss. to p. 320. Notes to p. 348. Bibl. to p. 355. Index to p. 368. $22.95.Reviewed by...
The Changing Libyan Economy: Causes and Consequences
Once the United Nations suspended its sanctions regime in April 1999, Libya began to introduce socioeconomic reforms aimed at liberalizing its economy. Greeted with some skepticism, the liberalization movement gained momentum as Libya first resolved...
TURKEY: The Unwelcome Neighbour: Turkey's Kurdish Policy
TURKEY: The Unwelcome Neighbour: Turkey's Kurdish Policy, by Asa Lundgren. London, UK and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2007. viii + 127 pages. Notes to p. 143. Bibl. to p. 156. Index to p. 159. $72.50.Reviewed by Michael M. GunterThis is a concise jargon-free...