The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 49, No. 1, Winter

Arabian Gulf -- Doctor Mary in Arabia: Memoirs by Mary Bruins Allison
Doctor Mary in Arabia: Memoirs, by Mary Bruins Allison, M.D. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1994. xxvii + 323 pages. Stats. to p. 329. $42.50 cloth; $17.95 paper.Dr. Mary Allison has written a fascinating book about her nearly forty years as a medical...
Arabian Gulf -- Oil Monarchies: Domestic and Security Challenges in the Arab Gulf States by F. Gregory Gause III
Oil Monarchies: Domestic and Security Challenges in the Arab Gulf States, by F. Gregory Gause III. New York: Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1994. xv + 199 pages. Notes to p. 216. Gloss. to p. 219. Bibl. to p. 228. Index to p. 236. $16.95 paper.It...
Backfire: US Policy toward Iraq, 1988--2 August 1990
WITH the end of the Iran-Iraq War in the spring of 1988, the United States was confronted with a new strategic balance in the Persian Gulf. Iraq had replaced Iran as the military power in the region.(1)As President Ronald Reagan's final term drew to...
Bibliography of Periodical Literature
Note: The Bibliography is intended to present a selective listing of periodical material dealing with the Middle East since the rise of Islam. The material included covers Muslim Spain and the Ottoman Balkans, the Arab world, Israel, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan,...
Biography -- the Grand Mufti: Haj Amin Al-Hussaini, Founder of the Palestinian National Movement by Zvi Elpeleg
The Grand Mufti: Haj Amin al-Hussaini, Founder of the Palestinian National Movement, by Zvi Elpeleg. London: Frank Cass, 1993. xvi + 181 pages. Notes to p. 200. Appends to p. 214. Chron. to p. 217. Bibl. to p. 230. Index to p. 239. $35.Zvi Elpeleg, a...
Chronology: Afghanistan
See also, Central Asia and Transcaucasia1994July 24: Attacks on Kabul by forces of Prime Minister Gulboddin Hekmatyar during the period 18-24 July caused an estimated 18 deaths and 77 casualties. [7/19, 7/22, 7/25 FBIS]July 27: Mohammad Naser Mansur,...
Chronology: Algeria
See also, Regional Affairs1994July 16: Hilal Bin Salem Hamoud al-Siyabi, Oman's ambassador to Algeria, and Qasim Askar Jubrani, Yemen's ambassador to Algeria, were reported missing and feared kidnapped after the burned wreckage of their car was discovered...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
See also, Regional Affairs, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon1994July 17: Israeli forces and Palestinian police exchanged fire during a riot in the Gaza Strip. Palestinians Riad Yasin and Yasir al-Sultan were killed and 98 Palestinians and 17 Israeli soldiers...
Chronology: Central Asia and Transcaucasia
See also, Regional Affairs, Egypt1994July 26: A natural gas explosion in Leninisk, Kazakhstan, killed five people, wounded four, and left twenty-seven people missing. [7/27 FT]Aug. 19: Two hundred and fifty alleged Islamist guerrillas crossed from Afghanistan...
Chronology: Egypt
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Affairs1994July 16: An Egyptian military court condemned five people to death for an attack on Interior Minister Hassa al-Alfi in August 1993. [7/17 NYT, 7/18 FBIS]July 23: Egyptian security killed two alleged...
Chronology: Iran
See also, Central Asia and Transcaucasia, Regional Affairs, Afghanistan, Iraq1994July 31: Security forces arrested alleged Mojahedin-e Khalq (MKO) member Mahdi Nahvi in connection with the 20 June bombing of the Imam Reza Shrine. Nahvi was wounded in...
Chronology: Iraq
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Affairs, Saudi Arabia, Turkey1994July 19: According to Tercuman (Istanbul), the Kurdish Workers Party (PUK) camp in Zhalah was evacuated. [7/27 FBIS]Twenty people were killed in clashes between the Democratic...
Chronology: Lebanon
See also, Arab-Israel Conflict, Regional Affairs1994July 23: Israeli soldiers kidnapped Lebanese citizen Qasim Rayhan, accused of plotting attacks against Israel, from the Israeli self-declared "security zone." [7/24 WP, 7/25 FBIS]July 25: Israeli soldier...
Chronology: Pakistan
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Affairs, Egypt1994July 21: Riots broke out when monsoon rains cut off electricity to the majority of Karachi. [7/22 WSJ]July 25: Former Intelligence Bureau chief Imtiaz Ahmad and an aide were arrested on charges...
Chronology: Regional Affairs
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Iraq, Lebanon1994July 18: In Buenos Aires, at least 37 people were killed, 127 wounded, and 56 reported missing in an explosion at the offices of the Delegation of the Argentine Israeli Association and the Israeli Mutual...
Chronology: Sudan / Syria / Tunisia
SudanSee also, Regional Affairs, Egypt1994July 19: According to Agence France-Presse, at least 1,000 people were killed and thousands fled following fighting between the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) and SPLA-United in the Bahr al-Ghazal region...
Chronology: Turkey
See also, Regional Affairs, Cyprus, Iraq1994July 20: According to Ozgur Ulke (Istanbul), government forces attacked areas of Lice in Diyarbakir district, burning 300 houses and killing at least one person. [8/1 FBIS]July 22: The Constitutional Court...
Chronology: Yemen
See also, Regional Affairs, Algeria1994July 16: The government sealed off Aden until 24 July to allow aid convoys to distribute food and water, and imposed a daily seven-hour curfew at 10 PM. [7/17 NYT]July 23: According to Agence France-Presse, government...
Economic Conditions -- the Economy of Modern Israel: Malaise and Promise by Assaf Razin and Efraim Sadka
The Economy of Modern Israel: Malaise and Promise, by Assaf Razin and Efraim Sadka. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1993. x + 225 pages. Tables to p. 246. Refs. to p. 250. Index to p. 256. $34.95.In what is essentially a book for economists,...
Economic Reform and the Reconstruction of the Iranian Economy
SINCE the 1979 revolution, profound changes have taken place in the Iranian economy as a result of a combination of external and internal factors. The revolution itself, the taking of US hostages in November 1979, the trade sanctions and freezing of...
Iran -- from Palace to Prison: Inside the Iranian Revolution by Ehsan Naraghi and Translated by Nilou Mobasser
From Palace to Prison: Inside the Iranian Revolution, by Ehsan Naraghi. Tr. by Nilou Mobasser. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1994. ix + 270 pages. Chron. to p. 276. Index to p. 283. $28.95.Our library of books about Iran and the Iranian Revolution continues...
Iran -- L'utopie Sacrifiee: Sociologie De la Revolution Iranienne by Farhad Khosrokhavar
L'utopie sacrifiee: sociologie de la revolution iranienne, by Farhad Khosrokhavar. Paris: Presses de la Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, 1993. 337 pages. Bibl. FF235 paper.L'utopie sacrifiee is one of the most insightful and original contributions...
Iran -- Torture and Modernity: Self, Society, and State in Modern Iran by Darius M. Rejali
Torture and Modernity: Self, Society, and State in Modern Iran, by Darius M. Rejali. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1994. xviii + 176 pages. Appends. to p. 213. Notes to p. 253. Bibl. to p. 276. Index to p. 289. $46.95 cloth; $19.95 paper.In Torture and...
Language, Literature, Arts -- Arab Comic Strips: Politics of an Emerging Mass Culture by Allen Douglas and Fedwa Malti-Douglas
Arab Comic Strips: Politics of an Emerging Mass Culture, by Allen Douglas and Fedwa Malti-Douglas. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994. xiii + 227 pages. Notes to p. 245. Sources to p. 257. Index to p. 263. $39.95 cloth; $19.95 paper.Studies...
Language, Literature, Arts -- the Zephyrs of Najd: The Poetics of Nostalgia in the Classical Arabic Nasib by Jaroslav Stetkevych / from Arab Poet to Muslim Saint: Ibn Al-Farid, His Verse, and His Shrine by Th. Emil Homerin
The Zephyrs of Najd: The Poetics of Nostalgia in the Classical Arabic Nasib, by Jaroslav Stetkevych. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1993. xii + 201 pages. Append. to p. 234. Notes to p. 297. Bibl. to p.318. Index to p. 326. $52 cloth;...
Libya -- the Making of Modern Libya: State Formation, Colonization, and Resistance, 1830-1932 by Ali Abdullatif Ahmida
The Making of Modern Libya: State Formation, Colonization, and Resistance, 1830-1932, by Ali Abdullatif Ahmida. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994. xv + 144 pages. Appends. to p. 151. Notes to p. 188. Gloss. to p. 193. Refs. to p. 217....
Mirror, Mirror ... -- the Birth of the Despot: Venice and the Sublime Porte by Lucette Valensi and Translated by Arthur Denner / Western Republicanism and the Oriental Prince by Patricia Springborg
The Birth of the Despot: Venice and the Sublime Porte, by Lucette Valensi. Tr. by Arthur Denner. Ithaca, NY and London: Cornell University Press, 1993. 99 pages. Acknowl. to p. 101. Notes to p. 116. index to p. 119. $22.50.Western Republicanism and the...
Modern History and Politics -- Kuwait and Iraq: Historical Claims and Territorial Disputes, 2d Ed. by Richard Schofield
Kuwait and Iraq: Historical Claims and Territorial Disputes, 2d ed., by Richard Schofield. London: Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1993. xv + 207 pages. Appends. to p. 215. Index to p. 226. L15.One of the nagging loose ends left over from the...
Modern History and Politics -- Oil, the Persian Gulf States, and the United States by Vo Xuan Han
Oil, the Persian Gulf States, and the United states, by Vo Xuan Han. Westport, CT and London: Praeger Publishers, 1994. xi + 162 pages. Bibl. to p. 167. Index to p. 173. $55.The flow of capital and goods between states is a central concern to students...
Modern History and Politics -- the Arabists: The Romance of an American Elite by Robert D. Kaplan
The Arabists: The Romance of an American Elite, by Robert D. Kaplan. New York: The Free Press, 1993. xi + 312 pages. Bibl. to p. 317. Index to p. 333. $24.95.Perhaps the best line in the book is when the author muses, "Generalizations about Arabists...
Modern History and Politics -- the Revenge of God: The Resurgence of Islam, Christianity and Judaism in the Modern World by Gilles Kepel and Translated by Alan Braley
The Revenge of God: The Resurgence of Islam, Christianity and Judaism in the Modern World, by Gilles Kepel. Tr. by Alan Braley. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1994. viii + 203 pages. Index to p. 215. $35 cloth; $14.95 paper.Gilles...
Modern History and Politics -- the United Nations, Iran, and Iraq: How Peacemaking Changed by Cameron R. Hume
The United Nations, Iran, and Iraq: How Peacemaking Changed, by Cameron R. Hume. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994. xi + 216 pages. Appends. to p. 236. Notes to p. 255. Bibl. to p. 262. Index to p. 269. $29.95.Iran and Iraq have tested the...
Pre-20th Century History -- A History of Qarabagh: An Annotated Translation of Mirza Jamal Javanshir Qarabaghi's Tarikh-E Qarabagh by George A. Bournoutian
A History of Qarabagh: An Annotated Translation of Mirza Jamal Javanshir Qarabaghi's Tarikh-e Qarabagh, by George A. Bournoutian. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 1994. xvi + 138 pages. Bibl. to p. 144. Gloss. to p. 147. Index to p. 157. Facsimile of...
Pre-20th Century History -- the History of the Saffarids of Sistan and the Maliks of Nimruz, (247/861 to 949/1542-3) by Clifford Edmund Bosworth
The History of the Saffarids of Sistan and the Maliks of Nimruz, (247/861 to 949/1542-3), by Clifford Edmund Bosworth. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 1994. xxvi + 477 pages. Bibl. to p. 502. Index to p. 525. $49.The writing of political histories...
Pre-20th Century History -- the Sephardim in the Ottoman Empire by Avigdor Levy / the Jews of the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic by Stanford J. Shaw
The Sephardim in the Ottoman Empire, by Avigdor Levy. Princeton: Darwin Press, 1992. xv + 124 pages. Notes to p. 150. Chron. to p. 164. Bibl. to p. 176. Append. to p. 178. Index to p. 196. $19.95.The Jews of the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic,...
Private Assets and Public Debts: External Finance in a Peaceful Middle East
AS peace and stability slowly but steadily return to the Middle East, the first set of fundamentals for resuming regional growth--a stable trading environment and a secure investment climate--will gradually fall into place. The remaining elements are...
The Impending Crisis in Egypt
For Egypt to have severe political, social, and economic problems is nothing new. Those it is facing today are particularly acute, however, and the government is not dealing with them effectively. Instead of allowing increased opportunities for political...
Turkey in the Post-Cold War Era: In Search of Identity
THE drastic changes that have taken place in the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe during the past few years provide important opportunities for Turkey in terms of defining its role and identity in the emerging international system at the close...
Turkey -- Turkey: A Modern History by Erik J. Zurcher
Turkey: A Modern History, by Erik J. Zurcher. London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 1993. Distrib. by St. Martin's Press, New York. xiii + 322 pages. Maps to p. 325. Bibl. to p. 343. Biogs. to p. 371. Index to p. 381. $49.95.Erik J. Zurcher has written a...
Women -- the Women's Awakening in Egypt: Culture, Society, and the Press by Beth Baron
The Women's Awakening in Egypt: Culture, Society, and the Press, by Beth Baron. New Haven, CT and London: Yale University Press, 1994. x + 193 pages. Notes to p. 245. Index to p. 259. $27.50.The myth that men first promoted women's rights in Egypt is...