The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 52, No. 4, Autumn

Afghanistan-State and Tribe in Nineteenth-Century Afghanistan: The Reign of Amir Dost Muhammad Khan (1826-1863)
State and Tribe in Nineteenth-Century Afghanistan: The Reign of Amir Dost Muhammad Khan (1826-1863), by Christine Noelle. Surrey, England: Curzon Press, 1997. xxiv + 297 pages. Notes to p. 365. Gloss. to p. 373. Appends. to p. 404. Bibl. to p. 424. Index...
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A Survey of Commuting Labor from the West Bank to Israel
This article is based on a survey of labor commuting from the West Bank to Israel. The principal results from the survey indicate that the majority of commuters had had their land confiscated by the Israeli authorities prior to starting to commute. The...
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Chirac's 'New Arab Policy' and Middle East Challenges: The Arab-Israeli Conflict, Iraq and Iran
President Jacques Chirac's `new Arab policy' is aimed at reversing France's marginalization as a political player in the Middle East and reasserting its role as an active and influential player in the region. Yet Chirac's ambitious agenda may be difficult...
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Chronology: Afghanistan
Afghanistan See also, Central Asia and Transcaucasia, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs 1998 Apr. 17: US representative to the United Nations (UN) Bill Richardson met with Taliban member Muhammad Rabbani, in Kabul, and United Islamic Front for the...
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Chronology: Algeria
1998 Apr. 22: In Geneva, at the UN Human Rights Commission, the European Union and the United States made separate statements to the Algerian government reminding Algeria of its obligation to cooperate with the UN commission. [4/23 Fl] Apr. 26: The daily...
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Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
ABBREVIATIONS FBIS, Foreign Broadcast Information Service Daily Report available from the National Technical Information Service, World News Connection on the world wide web at http://wnc.fedworld.gov. The date in the source information refers to the...
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Chronology: Central Asia and Transcaucasia
1998 Apr. 17: In Yerevan, Armenia, President Robert Kocharyan announced a plan to create a commission to amend the constitution. [4/21 FBIS] Apr. 21: The New York Times reported that the United States and Britain had begun a secretive operation to move...
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Chronology: Cyprus
1998 May 2: In Nicosia, US envoy to Cyprus Richard Holbrooke met separately with Greek Cypriot president Glavkos Kliridhis and Turkish Cypriot president Rauf Denktas. [5/3 WP] May 3: In Nicosia, US envoy to Cyprus Holbrooke held five meetings with Turkish...
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Chronology: Iran
See also, Central Asia and Transcaucasia, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia 1998 Apr. 16: On television, Ayatollah `Ali Khamene'i called for unity between supporters of President Muhammad Khatami's government and the judiciary,...
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Chronology: Iraq
Iraq See also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Iran, Turkey 1998 Apr. 16: UN secretary-general Kofi Annan told the UN Security Council that Iraq should be allowed to import $300 million in equipment to improve its infrastructure. This was to help...
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Chronology: Israel
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Affairs, Palestinian Affairs, Jordan, Lebanon 1998 Apr. 23: Doron Shmueli, the director of Israel's "jubilee" celebration, marking Israel's 50th anniversary, banned references to the Oslo Accords from official...
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Chronology: Lebanon
1998 Apr. 18: Beirut Radio reported that the Amal Movement had claimed responsibility for an attack in South Lebanon that injured four Israeli soldiers. [4/21 FBIS] Apr. 25: Beirut Radio reported that Israeli forces had shelled the town of Kafra, in...
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Chronology: Pakistan
1998 Apr. 19: President Rafiq Tarar signed an anticorruption law under which business people could be imprisoned for a maximum of seven years for bribing officials. [4/20 FT] Apr. 20: Islamabad Radio reported that a Kashmiri political leader had died...
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Chronology: Palestinian Affairs
1998 Apr. 22: Canada reported that it would set up a representative office in the West Bank. [4/23 FT] May 6: Palestinian National Authority (PNA) attorney general Fayiz Abu al-Rahman resigned, claiming it was impossible to carry out his duties due to...
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Chronology: Petroleum Affairs
1998 Apr. 18: The Nile Valley Gas Company, a consortium led by British Gas International, signed a contract with Egyptian General Petroleum Company to build a pipeline from south of Cairo to Asyut. [4/18, 4/19 FT] Apr. 23: In Washington, DC, Turkmenistani...
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Chronology: Regional Affairs
1998 Apr. 18: Near Taftan, Pakistan, located along the Iranian border, Pakistani border guards arrested two Iranian border officials for illegally entering Pakistan. [4/21 FBIS] Apr. 20: At an Iraqi border post, Iranian and Iraqi officials met to discuss...
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Chronology: Sudan
1998 Apr. 20: President `Umar Hasan Ahmad alBashir denied that military guards had killed any military conscripts trying to escape from a training camp on 2 April when 52 conscripts drowned after their boat capsized on the Blue Nile. Opposition groups...
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Chronology: Turkey
Turkey See also, Central Asia and Transcausasia, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Cyprus, Iraq 1998 Apr. 16: Parliament voted to open a new investigation into former Prime Minister Tansu Ciller's accumulation of wealth between 1991 and 1996. [4/17...
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Economic Conflict in Postwar Lebanon: State-Labor Relations between 1992 and 1997
This article examines state-labor relations in post civil war Lebanon. It covers the period between the coming to power of Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri in October 1992, and the government-orchestrated defeat of labor leader Ilyas Abu Rizq in the General...
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Egypt-Economic Policy Reform in Egypt
Economic Policy Reform in Egypt, by Iliya Harik. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1997. x + 218 pages. Notes to p. 241. Works cited to p. 250. Index to p. 258. $49.95. Reviewed by Roger Owen The main contours of Egypt's economic performance...
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Egypt-Environmental Policy Making in Egypt
Environmental Policy Making in Egypt, by Salwa Sharawi Gomaa. Miami: University Press of Florida, 1997. xi + 62 pages. Appends. to p. 81. Notes to p. 87. Bibl. to p. 93. Index to p. 100. $39.95. This book is about the Egyptian government's efforts to...
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German Responsibility in the Armenian Genocide: A Review of the Historical Evidence of German Complicity
German Responsibility in the Armenian Genocide: A Review of the Historical Evidence of German Complicity, by Vahakn N. Dadrian. Cambridge, MA: Blue Crane Books, 1996. xvi + 198 pages. Appends. to p. 271. Photographs to p. 281. Bibl. to p. 290. Index...
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Hierarchy and Egalitarianism in Islamic Thought
Hierarchy and Egalitarianism in Islamic Thought, by Louise Marlow. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997. xv + 177 pages. Bibl. to p. 194. Index to p. 198. $49.95. Louise Marlow has produced an interesting and important book on a major...
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Irresolute Princes: Kremlin Decision Making in Middle East Crises, 1967-1973
Irresolute Princes: Kremlin Decision Making in Middle East Crises, 1967-1973, by Fred Wehling. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997. 169 pages. Notes to p. 201. Selected Bibl. to p. 219. Index to p. 225. $49.95. Reviewed by Richard B. Parker This is a...
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Israel, Jordan, and the Peace Process
Israel, Jordan, and the Peace Process, by Yehuda Lukacs. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1997. xiv + 199 pages. Notes to p. 227. Bibl. to p. 242. Index to p. 258. $39.95. Reviewed by Timothy J. Piro Scholars and policy makers alike who have studied...
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Israel-Professionals against Populism: The Peres Government and Democracy
ISRAEL Professionals Against Populism: The Peres Government and Democracy, by Michael Keren. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1995. viii + 110 pages. Appends. to p. 113. Notes to p. 132. Bibl. to p. 141. Index to p. 147. $16.95. Reviewed by...
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Jordan-King Abdullah and Palestine: A Territorial Ambition
King Abdullah and Palestine: A Territorial Ambition, by Joseph Nevo. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996. xiv + 209 pages. Notes to p. 236. Bibl. to p. 248. Index to p. 259. $65. Reviewed by Peter Gubser Joseph Nevo has written a competent history of...
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Kuwait-The Government and Politics of Kuwait: Principles and Practices
The Government and Politics of Kuwait: Principles and Practices, by Abdul-Reda Assiri. Shaab, Kuwait: Al Watan Printing Press, 1996. 175 pages. Appends. to p. 224. Bibl. to p. 235. n.p. Reviewed by Richard P. Stevens This work, as Abdul-Reda Assiri asserts...
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Les Islamistes Algeriens, Entre Les Urnes et le Maquis / Algeria in Ostaggio: Tra Esercito E Fondamentalismo, Storia Di Una Pace Difficile / Political Islam in Algeria / Algeria: The
Les islamistes algeriens, entre les urnes et le maquis, by Severine Labat. Paris: Seuil, 1995. 299 pages. Gloss. to p. 305. Maps to p. 318. Chron. to p. 332. Bibl. to p. 336. Index to p. 344. FF130. Algeria in ostaggio: Tra esercito e fondamentalismo,...
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Overlooking Nazareth: The Ethnography of Exclusion in Galilee
Overlooking Nazareth: The Ethnography of Exclusion in Galilee, by Dan Rabinowitz. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997. xiv + 189 pages. Notes to p. 202. Refs. to p. 215. Index to p. 222. $59.95 cloth; $19.95 paper. Reviewed by Chad F. Emmett...
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Pakistan-Jinnah, Pakistan and Islamic Identity: The Search for Saladin
Jinnah, Pakistan and Islamic Identity: The Search for Saladin, by Akbar S. Ahmed. London and New York: Routledge, 1997. xxix + 258 pages. Refs. to p. 267. Index to p. 274. $19.95. Reviewed by Craig Baxter Akbar Ahmed, a member of the civil service of...
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Rivers of Discord: International Water Disputes in the Middle East
Rivers of Discord: International Water Disputes in the Middle East, by Greg Shapland. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997. xi + 168 pages. Bibl. to p. 176. Index to p. 183. $39.95. Reviewed by Shaul Cohen A long-standing truism is that water, a critical...
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Saudi Arabia-Cities from the Arabian Desert: The Building of Jubail and Yanbu in Saudi Arabia
Cities from the Arabian Desert: The Building of Jubail and Yanbu in Saudi Arabia, by Andrea Pampanini. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1997. xv + 120 pages. Appends. to p. 188. Bibl. to p. 198. Index to p. 209. $55. Reviewed by Nezar AlSayyad Over the last two...
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Science in Medieval Islam: An Illustrated Introduction
Science in Medieval Islam: An Illustrated Introduction, by Howard R. Turner. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1995. xx + 230 pages. Tables to p. 237. Gloss. to p. 240. Bibl. to p. 246. Illustration sources to p. 252. Index to p. 262. $40 cloth; $19.95...
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The Middle East and North Africa: A Tale of Two Futures
The future of the Middle East and North Africa will be determined by progress on economic reform, political participation and the emergence of a strong identity rooted in the region's history but open to the rest of the world. This article presents two...
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The Performance of the Muslim Brotherhood in the Egyptian Syndicates: An Alternative Formula for Reform?
This article examines the role of both the state and the Muslim Brotherhood in the Egyptian professional syndicates. It shows that the ascendancy of the Muslim Brothers in the syndicates came at a time when the latter had been weakened by both external...
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The Politics of Regional Trade in Iraq, Arabia and the Gulf, 1745-1900
The Politics of Regional Trade in Iraq, Arabia and the Gulf, 1745-1900, by Hala Fattah. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997. xi + 210 pages. Notes to p. 241. Bibl. to p. 250. Index to p. 254. $18.95 paper. Reviewed by Eric Davis Social and...
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Turkey-The Revolution of 1908 in Turkey
TURKEY The Revolution of 1908 in Turkey, by Aykut Kansu. Leiden and New York: E.J. Brill, 1997. xi + 244 pages. Appends to p. 310, Bibl. to p. 329. Index to p. 341. $93.75. Reviewed by Kemal H. Karpat This six-chapter book by Aykut Kansu, an instructor...
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