The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 55, No. 4, Autumn

Armenians and the Iranian Constitutional Revolution of 1905-1911
Armenians and the Iranian Constitutional Revolution of 1905-1911, by Houri Berberian. Boulder, Co: Westview Press, 2001. xiv + 188 pages. Map. Photos. Notes to p. 193. Bibl. to p. 214. Index to p. 226. $30 paper. Reviewed by Man gol Bayat The Constitutional...
Armies of Snow and Armies of Sand: The Impact of Soviet Military Doctrine on Arab Miltaries
During the Cold War, the Soviet Union emerged as the principal military patron of Egypt, Syria and Iraq. Accordingly, many have assumed that the armed forces of these states adopted Soviet military doctrine, and that this factor accounted for their generally...
Beyond the Handshake: Multilateral Cooperation in the Arab-Israeli Peace Process, 1991-1996
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT Beyond the Handshake: Multilateral Cooperation in the Arab-Israeli Peace Process, 1991-1996, Dalia Dassa Kaye. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001. xxii + 198 pages. Appends. to p. 234. Notes to p. 293. Bibl. to p. 310. Index...
Chronology: Afghanistan
See also, Regional Affairs 2001 May 3: The ruling Taliban rejected a cease-fire proposal drafted by the top official of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR.) [5/4 FT] May 4: The Taliban unleashed a major offensive outside of the...
Chronology: Algeria
See also, Regional Affairs 2001 Apr. 26: During a visit to France, former Algerian Defense Minister Khalid Nizar was named in lawsuits on charges of torture. Fearing arrest he immediately fled the country. [4/27 NYT] May 2: The Front of Socialist Forces...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
ABBREVIATIONS FBIS, Foreign Broadcast Information Service Daily Report-available from the National Technical Information Service, World News Connection on the world wide web at http://wncfedworld.gov. The date in the source information refers to the...
Chronology: Central Asia and the Caucasus
2001 Apr. 27: The Armenian Parliament announced that the only two acceptable solutions to the Nagorno-Karabakh dispute with Azerbaijan were either independence or integration into Armenia. [4/28 NYT] May 6: The Washington Post reported that Russia had...
Chronology: Egypt
Egypt See also, Regional Affairs, Arab Israeli Conflict. 2001 Apr. 19: A draft report was issued by the National Transportation Board concerning the 1998 Egypt Air crash. The report said that the pilot, Gamil Batouti, deliberately forced the plane to...
Chronology: Iran
See also, Petroleum Affairs, Information Technology, Regional Affairs 2001 Apr. 17: Iran arrested a political dissident for vague charges such as "harming national security." [4/18 WSJ] Apr. 19: Iran launched 56 scud missiles on the Mujahideen opposition...
Chronology: Iraq
See also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs 2001 April 17: Iraq's Foreign Minister, Muhammad Said al-Sahhaf, was transferred to the Information Ministry and replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Tariq `Aziz. Information Minister Humam `Abd al-Ghafur was...
Chronology: Pakistan
See also, Regional Affairs, Petroleum Affairs 2001 Apr. 25: In an attempt to block an expected rally in Karachi, the military government ordered the arrests of hundreds of members of the 16-party Alliance for the Restoration of Democracy. [4/26 NYT,...
Chronology: Petroleum Affairs
See also, Iran, Libya, Kuwait, Iraq 2001 May 4: The Consortium of International Oil Companies reported that it had found oil in a second well in Kashagan field. This new discovery revealed the largest oil find in 30 years. [5/5 NYT] OPEC agreed to keep...
Chronology: Regional Affairs
Regional Affairs 2001 Apr. 17: Iran and Saudi Arabia signed an accord to combat terrorism and drug trafficking. [04/18 NYT] May 3: The US lost its seat on the UN Human Rights Commission. Sudan was elected for the African seat, while Iran was rejected...
Chronology: Turkey
See also, Regional Affairs, Petroleum Affairs, Israel. 2001 Apr. 16: Ford Motor Company announced that Turkey would become the global production center for a family of light commercial vehicles. [4/17 FT] Apr. 18: US President George W. Bush phoned Turkish...
Constructing Boundaries: Jewish and Arab Workers in Mandatory Palestine
Constructing Boundaries: Jewish and Arab Workers in Mandatory Palestine, by Deborah S. Bernstein, Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2000. SUNY Series in Israeli Studies. xvii + 215 pages. Gloss. to p. 218. Abbrevs. to p. 219. Notes to p....
Contemporary Turkish Politics: Challenges to Democratic Consolidation
Contemporary Turkish Politics: Challenges to Democratic Consolidation, by Ergun Ozbudun. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2000. ix + 154 pages. Abbrevs. to p. 156. Bibl. to p. 164. Index to p. 169. $49.95. Islam and Society in Turkey, by David Shankland....
Economic Policy and Performance in the Arab World / Forcing Freedom: Political Control of Privatization and Economic Opening in Egypt and Tunisia
Economic Policy and Performance in the Arab World, by Paul Rivlin. Boulder, CO and London: Lynne Rienner, 2001. x +206 pages. Append. to p. 211. Bibl. to p. 224. Index to p. 235. $49.95 Forcing Freedom: Political Control of Privatization and Economic...
Editor's Note
The attacks on New York and Washington on September 11 tragically guarantee that the United States will be intensely focused on the Middle East and the broader Islamic world for months and years to come. Those of us who spend our time explaining the...
France and Algeria: A History of Decolonization and Transformation
France and Algeria: A History of Decolonization and Transformation, by Phillip C. Naylor. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2000. xviii + 290 pages. Maps. Abbrevs. Notes to p. 387. Sel. bibl. to p. 427. Index to p. 457. $49.95. For the 132...
Gertrude Bell: The Arabian Diaries, 1913-1914
Gertrude Bell: The Arabian Diaries, 1913-1914, ed. by Rosemary O'Brien. With photographs by Gertrude Bell. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2000. xv + 133 pages. Appends. to p. 247. Gloss. to p. 251. Works cited to p. 255. Index to p. 258. $29.95....
Iran's Guardians Council as an Obstacle to Democracy
Iranians' participation in recent elections can be interpreted as an indication of their desire to change the status quo through democratic means. Efforts to change the system through elections, however, are countered by officials and state organizations...
I Saw Ramallah
I Saw Ramallah, by Mourid Barghouti. Tr. by Ahdaf Soueif. Foreword by Edward Said. New York and Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 2000. of + 184 pages. Gloss to p. 184. $19.95. Translated from the Arabic Ra'aitu Ramallah, this partial autobiography...
Islamic Finance in the Global Economy
Islamic Finance in the Global Economy, by Ibrahim Warde. Edinburgh, Scotland: Edinburgh University Press, 2000. 252 pages. Notes. Gloss. Index. $90. Reviewed by Clement M. Henry Ibrahim Warde has written a forthright and scholarly survey of a subject...
Out in the Blue: Letters from Arabia-1937-1940 / Tyro on the Trucial Coast
Out in the Blue: Letters from Arabia1937-1940, by Thomas C. Barger. Vista, CA: Salwa Press, 2000. xiv + 262 pages. Append to p. 267. Gloss. to p. 276. Index to p. 284. CD of photos included. $79.50. Tyro on the Trucial Coast, by Julian Walker. Durham,...
Palestinian Women: Patriarchy and Resistance in the West Bank
Palestinian Women: Patriarchy and Resistance in the West Bank, by Cheryl A. Rubenberg. Boulder, CO and London, UK: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2001. ix + 262 pages. Gloss. to p.268. Bibl. to p. 308. Index to p. 317. $59.95. Reviewed by Lisa Taraki The...
Reinventing Khomeini: The Struggle for Reform in Iran
Reinventing Khomeini: The Struggle for Reform in Iran, by Daniel Brumberg. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press, 2001. xi + 252 pages. Notes to p. 295. Index to p. 306. $21. Reviewed by Mehran Kamrava More than two decades after the establishment...
Saddam's Bombmaker: The Terrifying Inside Story of the Iraqi Nuclear and Biological Weapons Agenda
Saddam's Bombmaker: The Terrifying Inside Story of the Iraqi Nuclear and Biological Weapons Agenda, by Khidhir Hamza with Jeff Stein. New York: Scribner, 2000. 337 pages. Index to 352. $26. Reviewed by Charles Duelfer In Saddam's Bombmaker, Dr. Khidhir...
Saudi-Russian Relations in the Putin Era
Saudi-Russian relations have been negatively affected by differences over several issues in recent years. These include oil pricing policy, investment and trade, Russian allegations about Saudi policy toward Chechnya and other Muslims in the former USSR,...
Stratejik Derinlik, Turkiye'nin Uluslararasi Konumu
Stratejik Derinlik, Tiirkiye'nin Uluslararasi Konumu, by Ahmet Davutoglu. Istanbul: KUre Yaylnlarl, 2001. xiii + 584 pages. Index. TL 11,000,000. Reviewed by Hasan T. Kosebalaban The end of the Cold War did not weaken Turkey's geopolitical significance,...
The Dream Palace of the Arabs: A Generation's Odyssey
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICS The Dream Palace of the Arabs: A Generation's Odyssey by Fouad Ajami. New York: Pantheon Books, 1998. xx + 312 pages. Notes to p. 322. Acknowledgments to p. 324. Index to p. 344. $26. Reviewed by Charles E. Butterworth This...
The Female Circumcision Controversy, an Anthropological Perspective
WOMEN The Female Circumcision Controversy, an Anthropological Perspective, by Ellen Gruenbaum. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001. 242 pages. Appendix to p. 224. Gloss. to 226. Bibl. to 235. Index to 240. $55 cloth; $24.95 paper....
The History of Iran
The History of Iran, Elton L. Daniel. London and Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2001. xvi + 261 pages. Notables in Iran's history to p. 267. Gloss. to p. 281. Index to p. 299. $35. Reviewed by Monica M. Ringer Elton Daniel has written a sophisticated...
The Nature of Succession in the Gulf
The unfolding crisis of succession in the Middle East has received considerable attention in recent years. This is particularly true in the Gulf where four of the six states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) are led by aging rulers and the other...
The New Asad: Dynamics of Continuity and Change in Syria
The death of Syrian President Hafez al-Asad and the passing of power to his son Bashar ushered in a new phase not only for Syria but also for the Middle East. Although Asad meant to assure the continuity and legacy of his rule by bequeathing the presidency...
The October War: A Retrospective
The October War: A Retrospective, ed. by Richard B. Parker. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2001. xxii + 336 pages. Appends. to p. 373. Bibl. to page 379. Index to p. 396. $55. Ambassador Richard Parker-a fine diplomatic historian, as well...
The Origins of the Eisenhower Doctrine: The US, Britain and Nasser's Egypt, 1953-57
The Origins of the Eisenhower Doctrine: The US, Britain and Nasser's Egypt, 1953-57, by Ray Takeyh. Basingstoke, London and New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000. xix +159 pages. Notes to p. 188. Bibl. to p. 207. Index to p. 216. $65. Reviewed by Jon B....
The War for Palestine: Rewriting the History of 1948
The War for Palestine: Rewriting the History of 1948, ed. by Eugene L. Rogan and Avi Shlaim. With an afterword by Edward W. Said. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001. xv + 219 pages. Sel. bibl. to p. 227. Index to p. 234. Chron....
Turkey's New World: Changing Dynamics in Turkish Foreign Policy
Turkey's New World: Changing Dynamics in Turkish Foreign Policy, ed. by Alan Makovsky and Sabri Sayari. Washington DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2000. xi + 221 pages. Contribs. to p. 224. Index to p. 234. $19.95 paper. Reviewed by...