The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 57, No. 3, Summer

Afghanistan
Jan. 15: While visiting Bagram airbase, US Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz called for an increased pace in reconstruction activity in Afghanistan. He also reassured Afghan officials that any planned military buildup in the region, in anticipation...
Arab-Israeli Conflict
January 16, 2003 - April 15, 2003ABBREVIATIONSAN, www.ArabicNews.comBBC, www.bbc.co.ukFT, Financial TimesNYT, The New York TimesWP, The Washington PostWSJ, The Wall Street JournalJan. 16: Israeli forces demolished 16 Palestinian houses in Rafah and in...
Editor's Note
This summer of 2003 finds the United States in the role of an occupying power in Iraq, new efforts to restart the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, a student upheaval in Iran that may ultimately threaten the regime, and more besides. Several different...
Egypt: Rule of Experts: Egypt, Techno-Politics, Modernity
EGYPTRule of Experts: Egypt, Techno-Politics, Modernity, by Timothy Mitchell. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA and London, UK: University of California Press, 1990. xiii + 303 pages. Notes to p. 380. Sel. bibl. to p. 401. Index to p. 413. $49.95 cloth; $14.95...
European Approaches to Security in the Mediterranean
The EU's "comprehensive" approach to security in the Mediterranean links together economic liberalization, democracy promotion, social cooperation, and strategic objectives. In practice, the EU has failed to fully implement its own declared commitment...
Iran
Jan. 16: Britain has given the go-ahead for the export to Iran of equipment that can be used in antipersonnel land mines. Export licenses for the "dual-use" equipment were issued despite a 10-year-old unilateral arms embargo against Iran. [BBC, 1/16]Jan....
Iran: All the Shah's Men: The Hidden Story of the CIA Coup in Iran / Mohammad Mosaddeq and the 1953 Coup in Iran
IRANAll the Shah's Men: The Hidden Story of the CIA Coup in Iran, by Stephen Kinzer. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2003. xiv + 228 pages. Notes to p. 243. Bibl. to p. 249. Index to p. 258. $24.95.Mohammad Mosaddeq and the 1953 Coup in Iran, ed. by Mark J. Gasiorowski...
Iran: Borders and Brethren: Iran and the Challenge of Azerbaijani Identity
Borders and Brethren: Iran and the Challenge of Azerbaijani Identity, by Brenda Shaffer. Cambridge, MA and London, UK: MIT Press, 2002. xviii + 219 pages. Map. Appendix to p. 225. Sel. bibl. to p. 236. About the author. Index to p. 248. $22.95.The demise...
Iran: Intellectuals and the State in Iran: Politics, Discourse, and the Dilemma of Authenticity
Intellectuals and the State in Iran: Politics, Discourse, and the Dilemma of Authenticity, by Negin Nabavi. Gainesville and Tallahassee, FL: University Press of Florida, 2003. ix + 149 pages. Appends, to p. 155. Bibl. to. 204. Index to p. 22. $55.By...
Iran: Reading Lolita in Tehran: A Memoir in Books
Reading Lolita In Tehran: A Memoir in Books, by Azar Nafisi. New York: Random House, 2003. 343 pages. Acknowledgments. $23.95.Azar Nafisi's touching memoir of life in the Islamic Republic of Iran revolves around her decision to withdraw from university...
Iran: The Persian Sphinx: Amir Abbas Hoveyda and the Riddle of the Iranian Revolution, a Biography / Iranian Mythology and Islamic Revolution: The Shah and the Ayatollah
The Persian Sphinx: Amir Abbas Hoveyda and the Riddle of the Iranian Revolution, a biography by Abbas Milani, Washington, DC: Mage Publishers, 2000-2001. xviii + 346 pages. Notes to p. 383. Index to p. 399. $29.95.Iranian Mythology and Islamic Revolution:...
Iraq
Jan. 16: Weapons inspectors found 11 empty chemical warheads at an ammunition storage depot in southern Iraq. Gen. Amin, the Iraq's chief liaison with the weapons team said that the warheads were short-range shells that had been registered in a previous...
Israel: Ideology, Party Change, and Electoral Campaigns in Israels, 1965-2001
ISRAELIdeology, Party Change, and Electoral Campaigns in Israel, 1965-2001, by Jonathan Mendilow. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2003. ix + 249 pages. Tables. Notes to p. 282. Bibl. to p. 291. Index to p. 300. $81.50 cloth; $27.95 paper.Jonathan...
Lebanon: Constructing Lebanon: A Century of Literary Narratives
LEBANONConstructing Lebanon: A Century of Literary Narratives, by Elise Salem. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2003. xi + 249 pages. Notes to p. 266. Index to p. 292. $55.Elise Salem's Constructing Lebanon has succeeded in offering an analytical...
Modern History and Politics: Arab Nationalism in the Twentieth Century: From Triumph to Despair
MODERN HISTORY AND POLITICSArab Nationalism in the Twentieth Century: From Triumph to Despair, by Adeed Dawisha. Princeton, NJ and Oxford, UK: Princeton University Press, 2003. vi + 313 pages. Index to p. 340. $29.95.Adeed Dawisha's highly readable,...
Modern History and Politics: Cursed Is the Peacemaker, the American Diplomat versus the Israeli General, Beirut 1982
Cursed is the Peacemaker, the American Diplomat Versus the Israeli General, Beirut 1982, by John Boykin. Foreword by George Shultz. Belmont, CA: Applegate Press, 2002. 318 pages. Appends, to p. 338. Notes to p. 464. Bibl. and source notes to p. 478....
Pakistan
Jan 25: Two men were captured and charged with murder, terrorism, and conspiracy in connection with the May suicide attack on a Sheraton hotel in Karachi that killed eleven French engineers and two Pakistani bystanders. [BBC, 1/25]Feb. 8: Pakistan ordered...
Pakistan: No Shame for the Sun: Lives of Professional Pakistani Women
PAKISTANNo Shame for the Sun: Lives of Professional Pakistani Women, by Shahla Haeri. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2002. xxxiv + 409 pages. Gloss. to p. 421. Works cited to p. 437. Index to p. 454. $49.95 cloth; $24.95 paper.Once again, Shahla...
Philosophy, Religion and Science: Roman Catholics and Shi'i Muslims: Prayer, Passion and Politics
Roman Catholics and Shi'i Muslims: Prayer, Passion and Politics, by James A. Bill and John Alden Williams. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2002. xi + 146 pages. Notes to p. 166. Gloss. to p. 169. Bibl. to p. 177. Index to p. 184....
Philosophy, Religion and Science: Sacred Space and the Holy War: The Politics, Culture and History of Shi'ite Islam
PHILOSOPHY, RELIGION AND SCIENCESacred Space and the Holy War: The Politics, Culture and History of Shi'ite Islam, by Juan Cole. London, UK and New York: I.B. Tauris Publishers, 2002. viii + 211 pages. Notes to p. 247. Bibl. to p. 250. Index to p. 254....
Philosophy, Religion and Science: Why Muslims Rebel: Repression and Resistance in the Islamic World
Why Muslims Rebel: Repression and Resistance in the Islamic World, by Mohammed M. Hafez. Boulder, CO and London, UK: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2003. xvii + 211 pages. Abbrevs. to p. 214. Bibl. to p. 241. Index to p. 251. $49.95.In this book, Mohammed...
Sudan: Living with Colonialism, Nationalism and Culture in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
SUDANLiving with Colonialism, Nationalism and Culture in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, by Heather J. Sharkey. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA and London, UK: University of California Press, 2003. xiii + 141 pages. Map. Gloss, to p. 145. Abbrevs. to p. 146....
The Beginnings of Transjordanian Military Intelligence: A Neglected Aspect of the 1948 War
Transjordanian military intelligence was established just before the 1948 war with the help of the British army, to assist the Arab Legion in the war against the Jews in Palestine. Military intelligence was a very small unit (some historians have treated...
The Burden of Saudi Arabia: At the Drop of a Veil: The True Story of an American Woman's Years in a Saudi Arabian Harem / L'Arabie Saoudite En Question: Du Wahhabisme a Bin Laden, Aux Origines De la Tourmente / from Arab Nationalism to OPEC: Eisenhower, King Sa'ud, and the Making of U.S.-Saudi Relations / Saudi Arabia Enters the Twenty-First Century: The Political, Foreign Policy, Economic, and Energy Dimensions / Hatred's Kingdom: How Saudi Arabia Supports the New Global Terrorism / Arabie Saoudite: La Menace / the Wells of Ibn Sa'ud / Saudi Arabia and the Illusion of Security / Ibn Sa'oud of Arabia / Al-Sa'udi
The Burden of Saudi ArabiaAt the Drop of a Veil: The True Story of an American Woman's Years in a Saudi Arabian Harem, by Marianne Alireza. Costa Mesa, CA: Blind Owl Press, an imprint of Mazda Publishers, 2002 (first published by Houghton Mifflin Co.,...
The Environmental Movement in Iran: Perspectives from below and Above
Protection of the environment is enshrined in Article 50 of the Iranian Constitution. Over the past two decades, many environmental groups and organizations have emerged as part of Iran 's nascent civil society. In addition to these environmental groups...
The Liberal Impulse in Saudi Arabia
Since 9/11 critical attention has focused on Saudi Arabia 's Wahhabi identity to the exclusion of non-Islamist currents such as the Liberal Trend that emerged in the milieu of greater openness promoted by Crown Prince 'Abdallah. This article traces the...
Tunisia: Stalled Democracy: Capital, Labor, and the Paradox of State-Sponsored Development
TUNISIAStalled Democracy: Capital, Labor, and the Paradox of State-Sponsored Development, by Eva Bellin. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2002. 185 pages. Appends, p. 191. Notes and Bibl. to p. 232. Index to p. 239. $32.50.Eva Bellin's study is...
Turkey
Feb. 19: Turkey demanded an economic aid package worth as much as US$32 billion to ensure its participation in any war with Iraq. The US has offered US$20 billion in loan guarantees and US$6 billion in grants. Turkish and American officials continued...
Turkey: Islamist Mobilization in Turkey: A Study in Vernacular Politics
TURKEYIslamist Mobilization in Turkey: A Study in Vernacular Politics, by Jenny B. White. Seattle, WA and London, UK: University of Washington Press, 2002. xi + 276 pages. Notes to p. 280. Bibl. to p. 288. Index to p. 299. $35.The recent stunning victory...
War and Occupation in Iraq: What Went Right? What Could Go Wrong?
The US occupation of Iraq is not the first such occupation of that country. Although little remembered in the US, the British occupation of Iraq at the end of the First World War, and the uprising and Mandate period that followed, are still vividly recalled...