The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 51, No. 4, Autumn

Arab-Israeli Conflict-The Deadly Embrace: The Impact of Israeli and Palestinian Rejectionism on the Peace Process / beyond Peace: The Search for Security in the Middle East
The Deadly Embrace: The Impact of Israeli and Palestinian Rejectionism on the Peace Process, by Ilana Kass and Bard O'Neill. Lanham, MD and London: University Press of America, 1997. xviii + 339 pages. Index to p. 345. $64.50 cloth; $24.50 paper. Beyond...
Arab-Israeli Conflict-The Six-Day War: A Retrospective
The Six-Day War: A Retrospective, ed. by Richard B. Parker. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1996. xix + 320 pages. Append. to p. 323. Bibl. to p. 329. Index to p. 345. $49.95. This volume explores the causes of the 1967 Arab-Israeli war, focusing...
Armenia-"Gha-Ra-Bagh!": The Emergence of the National Democratic Movement in Armenia
"Gha-ra-bagh!": The Emergence of the National Democratic Movement in Armenia, by Mark Malkasian. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1996. 207 pages. Notes to p. 225. Works Cited to p. 229. Index to p. 236. $34.95. Reviewed by Joseph A. Kechichian...
Biography-Moshe Sharett: Biography of a Political Moderate / Ben Gurion and the Holocaust
Moshe Sharett: Biography of a Political Moderate, by Gabriel Sheffer. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996. xvi + 1021 pages. Bibl. to p. 1031. Index to p. 1065. $120. Ben Gurion and the Holocaust, by Shabtai Teveth. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1996. lxiv + 260...
Central Asia-The Heritage of Central Asia: From Antiquity to Turkish Expansion
The Heritage of Central Asia: From Antiquity to Turkish Expansion, by Richard N. Frye. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publications, 1996. 239 pages. Appends. to p. 252. Index to p. 263. $34.95 cloth; $16.95 paper. Reviewed by Svat Soucek The conceptual framework...
Chronology: Afghanistan
See also, Regional Affairs, Saudi Arabia 1997 Apr. 26: Russian officials reported that 100,000 Afghan refugees, having fled fighting in the South, were at the border with Tajikistan. [4/27 NYT] Apr. 27: Tehran radio reported that opposition forces had...
Chronology: Algeria
1997 Apr. 16: In Blida, a bomb exploded in a market, killing eight people and wounding 30 others. [4/17 NYT] Apr. 20: It was reported that security forces had killed Armed Islamic Group (GIA) leader Amir Ayub and 32 followers during raids in Shibli....
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
ABBREVIATIONS FBIS, Foreign Broadcast Information Service Daily Report-available from the National Technical Information Service, World News Connection on the world wide web at http://wnc.fedworld.gov/ntis/home .html. The date in the source information...
Chronology: Iran
Iran See also, petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Afgahanistan, Iraq, Israel, Kuwait. Saudi Arabia, Sudan 1997 Apr. 21: The Iranian News Agency (IRNA) reported that thousands of students protested outside the German embassy in Tehran against the 10...
Chronology: Iraq
See also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Sudan 1997 Apr. 16: The UN Security Council issued a statement regarding the 9 April flight from Baghdad to Jidda of a plane load of Iraqi Muslim pilgrims, which noted that Iraq had failed to consult with...
Chronology: Israel
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Affairs, Palestinian Affairs, Lebanon, Syria 1997 Apr. 16: The Ministry of Police announced that officers investigating the incident relating to the appointment of Roni Bar-On as attorney general had recommended...
Chronology: Lebanon
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Affairs, Israel, Saudi Arabia 1997 Apr. 20: In the Israeli self-declared "security zone," two South Lebanese Army (SLA) members were killed in separate bomb attacks. Hizballah claimed responsibility. Israeli...
Chronology: Pakistan
1997 Apr. 24: In Khairpur Tamewali, in Bahawalpul District, unknown gunmen fired into a crowd in a market, killing nine people and wounding three others. [4/25 FBIS] Apr. 26: Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif ordered the country's most senior naval officer,...
Chronology: Palestinian Affairs
Palestinian Affairs See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Libya 1997 Apr. 26: Palestinian National Authority (PNA) officials released 25 leaders of a teachers' strike that began in February over pay and government corruption. The leaders had been arrested...
Chronology: Petroleum Affairs
1997 Apr. 20: It was reported that Iran and the Russian firm Gazprom had signed an agreement for Russian investment in liquefied gas production, refining, liquefaction and transport in Iran. [4/21 FT] Apr. 28: Turkey signed a 25-year, $13.5 billion deal...
Chronology: Regional Affairs
1997 Apr. 30: The US Department of State issued a report that listed Iran, Iraq, Libya, the Sudan, and Syria as among seven nations that sponsor terrorism. [5/1 WP] May 4: In Doha, Jordanian prime minister `Abd al-Salam al-Majali met with the Amir of...
Chronology: Sudan
See also Regional Affairs 1997 Apr. 16: Umdurman radio reported that government forces clashed with Ugandan forces "on the Nimule route," killing 300 Ugandan soldiers. [4/18 FBIS] Apr. 21: Several opposition factions signed a peace agreement with the...
Chronology: Turkey
See also, Central Asia and Transcaucasia, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Iran, Iraq 1997 Apr. 26: Turkish military sources reported that government forces had killed 23 PKK members in Siirt Province and 7 PKK members in Kiyarbakir Province. [4/29...
Conflicting Loyalties and Local Politics in Nazareth
Local politics in Nazareth has been influenced by a variety of factors. Originally, parties were centered on family, religion and quarter, or were linked to Communist ideology, which offered the only venue for Arab nationalist claims. Arabs also voted...
Correcting Myths about the Persian Gulf War: The Last Stand of the Tawakalna
Several myths about the Persian Gulf War still linger years after its conclusion. One is that the ground war was a relatively simple, high-tech campaign; another is that the air campaign essentially destroyed the Iraqi Army; and the third and most important...
Interpreting Islam: Bandali Jawzi's Islamic Intellectual History
Interpreting Islam: Bandali Jawzi's Islamic Intellectual History, by Tamara Sonn. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. xiv + 175 pages. Notes to p. 201. Index to p. 206. $39.95. One of the most interesting by-products of postcolonial studies...
Iran-Revolution in Iran
Revolution in Iran, by Parviz Daneshvar. London and New York: MacMillan Press and St. Martin's Press, 1996. ix + 201 pages. Notes to p. 214. Bibl. to p. 225. Index to p. 228. $59.95. Reviewed by Jahangir Amuzegar This study would have made more interesting...
Israeli Society and Jewish-Palestinian Reconciliation: 'Ethnocracy' and Its Territorial Contradictions
This article argues that Israel's settlement and socio-economic policies have caused internal ethnic and class divisions that now threaten the prospects of JewishPalestinian reconciliation. Furthermore, the association of peace primarily with the interests...
Jerusalem-City of Stone: The Hidden History of Jerusalem
City of Stone: The Hidden History of Jerusalem, by Meron Benvenisti. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 1996. viii + 263 pages. Index to p. 274. $24.95. Reviewed by Donna R. Divine Of all the extraordinary characteristics...
Language and Literature-My Uncle Napoleon: A Novel
My Uncle Napoleon: A Novel, by Iraj Pezeshkzad. Tr. by Dick Davis. Washington, D.C.: Mage Publishers, 1996. 499 pages. Gloss. to. p. 507. $29.95. Reviewed by Hasan Javadi The novel and short story, in their modern form, were introduced into Persian literature...
Language and Literature-The Epic of the Kings (Shah-Nama)
The Epic of the Kings (Shah-nama), by Ferdowsi. Ed. by Ehsan Yarshater. Tr. by Reuben Levy. Costa Mesa, CA and New York: Mazda Publishers and Bibliotheca Persica, 1996. xlvi + 423 pages. $19.95 paper. First published in 1967, the late Reuben Levy's abridged...
Modern History and Politics-America and Egypt: From Roosevelt to Eisenhower
America and Egypt: From Roosevelt to Eisenhower, by Matthew F. Holland. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1996. xxxii + 174 pages. Bibl. to p. 180. Index to p. 187. $55. Reviewed by Douglas Little Few issues from the recent past have been the focus of...
Modern History and Politics-Britain and the Politics of Modernization in the Middle East, 1945-1958
Britain and the Politics of Modernization in the Middle East, 1945-1958, by Paul W.T. Kingston. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996. xi + 157 pages. Notes to p. 183. Bibl. to p. 188. Index to p. 191. $54.95. A great deal has been written about...
Modern History and Politics-Flight of the Lavi: Inside a U.S.-Israeli Crisis
Flight of the Lavi: Inside a U.S.-Israeli Crisis, by Dov S. Zakheim. Washington, DC and London: Brassey's, 1996. xvii + 258 pages. Notes to p. 267. Index to p. 276. About the author to p. 277. $25.95. Although there exists a "special relationship" between...
Modern History and Politics-over-Stating the Arab State: Politics and Society in the Middle East
Over-stating the Arab State: Politics and Society in the Middle East, by Nazih N. Ayubi. London: I.B. Tauris, 1995. xiii + 459 pages. Bibl. to p. 495. Index to p.514. L45. Every decade or so in the field of Middle East politics a book of singular importance...
Modern History and Politics-Self-Defense in International Law: The Israeli Raid on the Iraqi Nuclear Reactor
Self-Defense in International Law: The Israeli Raid on the Iraqi Nuclear Reactor, by Timothy L.H. McCormack. New York and Jerusalem: St. Martin's Press and Magnes Press, Hebrew University, 1996. 302 pages. Appends. to p. 314. Bibl. to p. 328. Index to...
Modern History and Politics-Sovereign Creations: Pan-Arabism and Political Order in Syria and Iraq
Sovereign Creations: Pan-Arabism and Political Order in Syria and Iraq, by Malik Mufti. Ithaca, NY and London: Cornell University Press, 1996. ix + 263 pages. Bibl. to p. 275. Index to p. 286. $35. This book is an expanded version of Malik Mufti's Harvard...
Modern History and Politics-The Formation of Modern Syria and Iraq
The Formation of Modern Syria and Iraq, by Eliezer Tauber. Ilford, UK and Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 1995. ix + 334 pages. Notes to p. 391. Bibl. to p. 401. Index to p. 417. $37.50. This volume completes Eliezer Tauber's trilogy on the Fertile Crescent...
National Autonomy, Labor Migration and Political Crisis: Yemen and Saudi Arabia
The purpose of this article is to understand how the struggles of states to assert their identity, autonomy or hegemony affect the international flow of labor. Against the backdrop of the Gulf Crisis in the summer of 1990, the cases of Yemen and Saudi...
Orientalism-Image of the Prophet Muhammad in the West: A Study of Muir, Margoliouth and Watt
Image of the Prophet Muhammad in the West: A Study of Muir, Margoliouth and Watt, by Jabal Muhammad Buaben. Leicester, UK: Islamic Foundation, 1996. xix + 337 pages. Bibl. to p. 383. Index to p. 394. n.p. This book is a survey of Western biographies...
Orientalism-Islam and Romantic Orientalism: Literary Encounters with the Orient
Islam and Romantic Orientalism: Literary Encounters with the Orient, by Mohammed Sharafuddin. London: I.B. Tauris, 1996. xxxv + 274 pages. Notes to p. 282. Bibl. to p. 288. Index to p. 296. $19.95 paper. Mohammed Sharafuddin's Islam and Romantic Orientalism,...
Palestine-The Rise and Fall of Palestine: A Personal Account of the Intifada Years
The Rise and Fall of Palestine: A Personal Account of the Intifada Years, by Norman G. Finkelstein. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, 1996. xv and 121 pages. Notes to p. 152. Index to p. 157. $18.95 paper. Reviewed by Joost Hiltermann...
Philosophy and Religion-Ibn Sina and Mysticism: Remarks and Admonitions
Ibn Sina and Mysticism: Remarks and Admonitions, by Shams C. Inati. London and New York: Kegan Paul International, 1996. xiii + 108 pages. Bibl. to p. 110. Index to p. 114. $59.50. Ibn Sina's mysticism is one of the least studied areas in the field of...
Pre-20th Century History-Between Two Worlds: The Construction of the Ottoman State
Between Two Worlds: The Construction of the Ottoman State, by Cemal Kafadar. Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press, 1995. xx + 154 pages. Abbrevs. to p. 156. Notes to p. 191. Select Bibl. to p. 207. Index to p. 221. $18.95...
The Significance of Israel's Partial Annexation of East Jerusalem
This article examines the significance of the de jure measures which the State of Israel employed to consolidate Jewish control over East Jerusalem in 1967. While options for the future status of East Jerusalem may be diminished by de facto measures,...