The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 56, No. 2, Spring

Algeria: The Political Economy of Oil and Gas
Algeria: The Political Economy of Oil and Gas, by Ali Aissaoui. New York and Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2001. xxiv +293 pages. Tables. Figures. Abbrevs. Chron. Refs. to p. 303. Index to p. 312. BP 29.50. Reviewed by Bradford Dillman This book...
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Between the State and Islam / the Islamic Quest for Democracy, Pluralism, and Human Rights
Between the State and Islam, ed. by Charles E. Butterworth and I. William Zartman. Cambridge, UK and Washington, DC: Cambridge University Press and the Woodrow Wilson Center, 2001. viii + 244 pages. Contribs. to p. 248. Index to p. 256. $49.95 cloth;...
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Chronology: Afghanistan
AFGHANISTAN See also, Regional Affairs, Iran, Pakistan 2001 Oct. 19: A US helicopter which was supporting a special forces raid into Afghanistan crashed in neighboring Pakistan, killing two soldiers the first combat related American deaths in the campaign...
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Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT See also, Palestinian Affairs, Israel Oct. 17: Israeli Tourism Minister Rehavam Ze'evi was shot dead in a Jerusalem hotel. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), which claimed responsibility, said the killing...
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Chronology: Central Asia and the Caucasus
CENTRAL ASIA AND THE CAUCASUS See also, Regional Affairs, Petroleum Affairs 2001 Oct. 13: The United States and Uzbekistan reached an agreement that could allow American forces to be stationed there to fight in Afghanistan. [10/13, BBC] Oct. 21: Azerbaijan,...
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Chronology: Information Technology
2001 Oct. 15: Gen. Shaykh Muhammad bin Rashid Al Maktum, Crown Prince of Dubai and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Defense Minister, inaugurated MSN Arabia, which is a partnership between Microsoft Network (MSN) and Link.net, the largest private Internet...
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Chronology: Iran
IRAN See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Information Technology, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Afghanistan, Iraq 2001 Oct. 22: Hundreds of Iranian soccer fans clashed with police in Tehran after the national team lost a World Cup qualifying match...
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Chronology: Iraq
IRAQ See also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs 2001 Oct. 16: In a statement to the Iraqi New Agency, Iraqi Oil Minister Amir Muhammad Rashid demanded OPEC member states to reduce immediately their oil production by one million barrels a day in order...
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Chronology: Pakistan
See also, Regional Affairs, Afghanistan 2001 Oct. 15: India shelled Pakistani military positions in the disputed territory of Kashmir as the US Secretary of State arrived in Pakistan. [BBC, 10/15] Oct.17: Pakistan said its armed forces were on high alert...
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Chronology: Palestinian Affairs
See also, Arab-Israeli Conflict, Regional Affairs, Israel 2001 Oct 30: Islamic Jihad, the militant Palestinian group, announced that four of its members were arrested by Palestinian police as Israel stepped up demands on Yasir `Arafat to crack down on...
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Chronology: Regional Affairs
2001 Oct. 18: Governments involved in the USled war in Afghanistan proposed to create a Muslim peacekeeping force. That coalition could include Turkey, the one country that is both Muslim and a member of NATO. Turkey indicated it would be willing to...
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Chronology: Sudan
SUDAN 2001 Oct. 26: The US State Department released its annual report on religious freedom citing Sudan as a country of particular concern. [WP, 10/27] Nov. 2: President Bush decided to extend US sanctions against Sudan by one more year. Bush said that...
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Chronology: Turkey
TURKEY See also, Central Asia and Caucasus, Information Technology, Regional Affairs, Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan 2001 Oct. 18: UK Foreign Secretary Jack Straw visited Turkey to discuss the role that NATO's only predominantly Muslim member could play...
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Chronology: Yemen
See also, Regional Affairs, Petroleum Affairs 2001 Oct. 31: An estimated 30,000 Yemenis turned out for a demonstration calling for jihad against the United States. [WSJ, 10/ 31] Nov. 3: The Yemen Observer reported that the termination of visa facilitation...
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Cluster-Bombs and Sandcastles: Kramer on the Future of Middle East Studies in America
Book Reviews Ivory Towers on Sand: The Failure of Middle Eastern Studies in America, by Martin Kramer. Washington, DC: Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2001. x + 130 pages. Appendix to p. 131. Index to p. 137. $19.95 paper. Martin Kramer's...
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Colonial Effects: The Making of National Identity in Jordan
Colonial Effects: The Making of National Identity in Jordan, by Joseph A. Massad. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001. xiv + 278 pages. Notes to p. 351. Works cited to p. 370. Index to p. 396. $45 cloth; $18.50 paper. Reviewed by Laurie A. Brand...
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Dueling for Da'wa: State vs. Society on the Saudi Internet
This article examines Saudi Arabia's introduction of the Internet, and the manner in which the Kingdom has sought to balance the communications, business, and economic advantages of the Information Revolution with the country's conservative form of Islam....
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Editor's Note
One of the responsibilities of a publication such as The Middle East Journal is to look beyond the headlines at the deeper dynamics which affect the region which we study. Although we also deal with, and continue to deal with, the headline-making events...
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Factors Influencing Jordan's Information Revolution: Implications for Democracy
Using the case of Jordan, this analysis examines the inter-relationship between four variables relating to the political/governmental dimension of the information revolution (regulation strategy, political openness, state vulnerability to international...
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Great Britain & Reza Shah: The Plunder of Iran, 1921-1941
Great Britain & Reza Shah: The Plunder of Iran, 1921-1941, by Mohammad Gholi Majd. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2001. xiii + 386 pages. Notes to p. 412. Sel. bibl. to p. 414. Index to p. 429. About the author. $59.95. Reviewed by...
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Human Rights in Iran: The Abuse of Cultural Relativism
Human Rights in Iran: The Abuse of Cultural Relativism, by Reza Afshari. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001. xxi + 302 pages. Notes to p. 343. Sel. bibl. to p. 352. Index to p. 359. Acknowledgments. $49.95. Reviewed by A. William...
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Inventing Home: Emigration, Gender, and the Middle Class in Lebanon, 1870-1920
LEBANON Inventing Home: Emigration, Gender, and the Middle Class in Lebanon, 1870-1920, by Akram Fouad Khater. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 2001. xiv + 189 pages. Bibl. to p. 246. Index to p. 257. $55.00 cloth; $22.50...
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Investment in Peace: The Politics of Economic Cooperation between Israel, Jordan and the Palestinians
Investment in Peace: The Politics of Economic Cooperation Between Israel, Jordan and the Palestinians, by Shaul Mishal, Ranan Kuperman and David Boas. Brighton, UK and Portland, OR: Sussex Academic Press, 2001. xii + 151 pages. Bibl. to p. 160. Index...
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Kuwait's Democratic Experiment in Its Broader International Context
While scholars have done much useful work on the causes of democratization, not much attention has been devoted to the causal importance of international variables. This article argues that Iraq's invasion and occupation of Kuwait, and its ongoing external...
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May Her Likes Be Multiplied: Biography and Gender Politics in Egypt
May Her Likes Be Multiplied: Biography and Gender Politics in Egypt, by Marilyn Booth. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 2001. xxxviii + 310 pages. Notes to p. 426. Bibl.to p. 441. Index to p. 460. $65 cloth; $35 paper....
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Muslim Turkistan: Kazak Religion and Collective Memory
CENTRAL ASIA Muslim Turkistan: Kazak Religion and Collective Memory, by Bruce G. Privratsky. Richmond, UK: Curzon Press, 2001. xxi + 271 pages. Appendix to p. 273. Refs. to p. 298. Gloss. to p. 307. Index to p. 321. $45. Reviewed by Robert Crews Every...
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Nasser's Egypt, Arab Nationalism, and the United Arab Republic
Nasser's Egypt, Arab Nationalism, and the United Arab Republic, by James Jankowski. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002. viii + 184 pages. Notes to p. 220. Bibl. to p. 228. Index to p. 234. $49.95. Early in his introduction, James Jankowski poses...
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Peace Process: American Diplomacy and the Arab-Israeli Conflict
Peace Process: American Diplomacy and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, by William B. Quandt. Revised Edition. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press and Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 2001. xii + 396 pages. Notes to p. 462...
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Reaping the Whirlwind: The Taliban Movement in Afghanistan / Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil & Fundamentalism in Central Asia
AFGHANISTAN Reaping the Whirlwind: The Taliban Movement in Afghanistan, by Michael Griffin. London: Pluto Press, 2001. xxi + 257 pages. Notes to p. 277. Index to p. 283. Map. Chron. $27.50. Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil & Fundamentalism in Central...
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Reel Bad Arabs: How Hollywood Vilifies a People
Reel Bad Arabs: How Hollywood Vilifies a People, by Jack G. Shaheen. New York: Olive Branch Press, 2001. viii + 537 pages. Notes to p. 545. Appendices to p. 564. Index of films to p. 574. $25 paper. Reviewed by Michael W. Suleiman While Arabs, Muslims,...
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Succession in Saudi Arabia
Succession in Saudi Arabia, by Joseph A. Kechichian. New York: Palgrave, 2001. 151 pages. Appendix to p. 242. Notes to p. 266. Bibl. to p. 277. Index to p. 287. $55. Reviewed by David E. Long An inordinate amount of attention has been expended over the...
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The Brain Drain from Iran to the United States
In this article, the underlying forces and the extent of brain drain from Iran to the United States are studied. The brain drain is measured by the migration rates of Iranian nationals to the US with tertiary education, including physicians and professors....
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The Diplomacy of the Middle East: The International Relations of Regional and outside Powers
The Diplomacy of the Middle East: The International Relations of Regional and Outside Powers, ed. by L. Carl Brown. New York: LB. Tauris Publishers, 2001. xxix + 308 pages. Bibl. essay to p. 325. Index to p. 365. $59.50. Reviewed by Duncan L. Clarke...
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The Ottoman Peoples and the End of Empire
The Ottoman Peoples and the End of Empire, by Justin McCarthy. London, UK and New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. x + 219 pages. Acknowledgments. Pronunciation guide. Maps. Notes to p. 223. Suggested readings to p. 226. Index to p. 234. $24.95 paper....
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The Palestinian-Arab Minority in Israel, 1948-2000
The Palestinian-Arab Minority in Israel, 1948-2000, by As'ad Ghanem. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2001. xiv + 20 pages. Tables. Appendix to p. 202. Notes to p. 213. Refs. to p. 228. Index to p. 238. $20.95 paper. Reviewed by Amal Jamal...
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The Politicization of Islam: Reconstructing Identity, State, Faith, and Community in the Late Ottoman State
The Politicization of Islam: Reconstructing Identity, State, Faith, and Community in the Late Ottoman State, by Kemal Karpat. Oxford, UK and New York: Oxford University Press, 2001. ix + 422 pages. Notes to p. 479. Bibl. to p. 508. Index to p. 533. $...
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The Politics of Fear: The Rise of the Nationalist Action Party (MHP) in Turkey
This article analyzes the causes and consequences of the nationalist party politics in Turkey by focusing on the rise of the Nationalist Action Party (MHP). The article identifies three interrelated processes to explain the MHP's rising status in 1999....
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The State and Rural Development in Post-Revolutionary Iran
The State and Rural Development in PostRevolutionary Iran, by Ali Shakoori. Basingstoke, UK and New York: Palgrave, 2001. xii + 171 pages. Tables to p. 185. Bibl. to p. 210. Index to p. 217. $65. Reviewed by Vahid Nowshirvani The pre-Revolutionary regime...
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The Veil Unveiled: The Hijab in Modern Culture
The Veil Unveiled: The Hijab in Modern Culture, by Faegheh Shirazi. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 2001. xvii + 180 pages. Notes to p. 109. Gloss. to p. 204. Bibl. to p. 212. Index to p. 221. Illustrations. $55. Reviewed by Shireen Mahdavi...
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Women of a Non-State Nation: The Kurds
Women of a Non-State Nation: The Kurds, ed. by Shahrzad Mojab. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, Inc., 2001. xi + 263 pages. Contribs. to p. 266. $24.95 paper. Reviewed by Diane E. King This volume is a collection of 11 articles by authors representing...
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