The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 55, No. 3, Summer

A History of Iraq
A History of Iraq, by Charles Tripp. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press. 2000. xv + 284 pages. Chron. Illust. Maps. Notes to p. 293. Bibl. to p. 299. Further reading to p. 303. Index to p.311. $59.95 cloth; $19.95 paper. Reviewed by Phebe Marr...
Betrayal of Palestine: The Story of George Antonius
BIOGRAPHY Betrayal of Palestine: The Story of George Antonius, by Susan Silsby Boyle. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2001. xxv + 304 pages. Photos. Appends. to p. 328. Sel. bibl. to p. 337. Index to p. 347. $38 paper. Originally the topic of her doctoral...
Chronology: Afghanistan
2001 Jan. 18: Sources reported that on 17 January, in an abandoned air field 31 miles north of Kabul, United Islamic Forces for the Salvation of Afghanistan (UIFSA) and Taliban forces had exchanged artillery fire. [1/20 FBIS] Jan. 23: The International...
Chronology: Algeria
2001 Jan. 19: Agence France Presse (AFP) reported that according to eyewitnesses, "armed Islamists" had killed 23 people in the Chlef area. [1/22 FBIS] Jan. 20: AFP reported that according to sources in Medea, 50 miles south of Algiers, "armed Islamists"...
Chronology: Arab-Israeli Conflict
ABBREVIATIONS FBIS, Foreign Broadcast Information Service Daily Report--available from the National Tecnical Information Service, World News Connecton on the world wide web at http://wnc.fedworld.gov. The date in the source information referes to the...
Chronology: Information Technology
2001 Jan. 23: The Amman daily Jordan Times reported that the information technology (IT) company Syntex Digital had set up the country's first 24-hour web camera. [1/24 FBIS] Jan. 26: The London-based Middle East Economic Digest reported that Cairo-based...
Chronology: Iran
See also, Petroleum Affairs, Regional Affairs, Bahrain 2001 Jan. 22: The Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA) reported that on 21 January, rocket-- propelled grenades had hit the Islamic Revolutionary Court in northeastern Tehran. There were no injuries....
Chronology: Iraq
2001 Jan. 19: The Iraqi News Agency (INA) reported that in Baghdad, a Vietnamese plane carrying Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Cong Tan and a 100-member delegation had arrived at Saddam International Airport. [1/20 NYT) Jan. 20: INA reported that on 19...
Chronology: Isael
2001 Feb. 1: The Tel Aviv daily Ma'ariv reported that the Israeli Defense Ministry had completed construction of a security fence to be placed along the border with Lebanon. [1/2 FBIS] As the deadline passed for political parties to declare their candidates,...
Chronology: Kuwait
2001 Jan. 16: The Constitutional Court rejected a case that sought to secure for women the right to vote and run for public office, claiming that `Adnan al-`Isa, the man who brought the trial, did not have power of attorney to represent the five women....
Chronology: Lebanon
2001 Jan. 30: The UN Security Council extended for an additional six months the mandate of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), but lowered the presence to 4,500 soldiers from 5,800. In a statement to the Beirut daily Al-Safir, Lebanese...
Chronology: Pakistan
Pakistan See also, Regional Affairs 2001 Jan. 16: In Srinagar, in Indian-controlled Kashmir, three assailants dressed as Indian guards opened fire in an airport, and in clashes with police officers 11 people were killed and 12 others were injured. The...
Chronology: Palestinian Affairs
2001 Jan. 17: At a beachfront restaurant in Gaza City, masked gunmen shot and killed Hisham Mikki, director of the Palestinian Broadcasting Corporation. [1/18 NYT, WSJ, WP] Jan. 18: In a statement sent to news agencies, a group calling itself the "Brigade...
Chronology: Petroleum Affairs
See also, Kuwait 2001 Jan. 20: The Algerian state energy company SONATRACH signed a contract with Gaz de France and Malaysia's Petronas for gas exploration in the Ahnet region, in southern Algeria. [2/2 MEED] Jan. 30: In Cairo, representatives from Jordan,...
Chronology: Regional Affairs
2001 Jan. 18: The Cairo-based Middle East News Agency (MENA) reported that in Cairo, Iraqi Vice President Taha Yasin Ramadan and Egyptian Prime Minister Atef `Obeid had signed an agreement establishing a joint trade zone between Egypt and Iraq, thereby...
Chronology: Sudan
2001 Feb. 12: At the opening session of Parliament, `Umar al-Bashir was sworn in for a second five-year term as President. [2/13 NYT] President Al-Bashir chose his cabinet. `Ali `Uthman Muhammad Taha was reappointed as First Vice President. Moses Machar...
Chronology: Turkey
2001 Jan. 24: The New York Times reported that in response to the French Parliament bill acknowledging the Ottoman Empire's 1915 mass killing of Armenians as genocide, Turkey canceled a $149 million planned deal for the purchase of a spy satellite from...
Deepening the Melting Pot: Arab-Americans at the Turn of the Century
The Arab-American population grew by 42% in the 1980s, reaching over one million in 1990 (although less conservative estimates have put it at around 2.5 million). Arab-Americans are increasingly diverse in national origin and more likely to be Muslim....
Economic Development and Political Reform: The Impact of External Capital on the Middle East
Economic Development and Political Reform: The Impact of External Capital on the Middle East, by Bradley Louis Glasser. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton MA: Edward Elgar Publishing Inc, 2001. vi + 129 pages. Bibl.to p.139. Index to p. 147. $70. Reviewed...
Editor's Note
Readers of The Middle East Journal presumably do not need to be reminded of the complexities of our region. While the agonizing conflict between Israel and the Palestinians has tended to monopolize the general media, we are aware of the many other simmering...
Egypt during the Sadat Years
Egypt During the Sadat Years, by Kirk J. Beattie. New York and Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Publishers, 2000. xi + 281 pages. Notes to p. 320. Appendix to p. 325. Bibl. to p. 333. Index to p. 340. $49.95. Reviewed by James Jankowski This work is a sequel...
From Herzl to Rabin: The Changing Image of Zionism
From Herzl to Rabin: The Changing Image of Zionism, by Amnon Rubinstein. Foreword by Ehud Barak. Preface by Arthur Hertzberg. New York and London: Holmes & Meier, 2000. xiii + 272 pages. Index to p. 283. About the author. $32.95. Zionism as a political...
Globalization and the Internet: Comparing the Middle Eastern and Malaysian Experiences
Globalization and modernity are intertwined, so that efforts to modernize forms of education, commerce, and government are all linked to the new modes of globalized communication and their mastery. This also implies adopting international standards of...
Immigrants & Bureaucrats: Ethiopians in an Israeli Absorption Center: An Israeli Absorption Center / Best Brother: The Identity Journey of Ethipian Immigrant Soldiers
Immigrants & Bureaucrats: Ethiopians in an Israeli Absorption Center, by Esther Hertzog. New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books, 1999. xxviii + 195 pages. Bibl. to p. 200. Index to p. 204. n.p. Best Brother: The Identity Journey of Ethiopian Immigrant...
Islamic Peril: Media and Global Violence
MEDIA AND EDUCATION Islamic Peril: Media and Global Violence, by Karim H. Karim. Montral, New York, and London: Black Rose Books, 2000. x + 196 pages. Index to p. 204. $53.99 cloth; $24.95 paper. Reviewed by Hamid Mowlana Muslim societies in general...
Lebanon: The Challenge of Independence
Lebanon: The Challenge of Independence, by Eyal Zisser. London: LB. Tauris Publishers, 2000. vii + 245 pages. Notes to p. 277. Bibl. to p. 290. Index to p. 297. $59.50. The history of Lebanon in the first half of the 20th century is no longer terra incognita....
Les Rumeurs Dans la Guerre Du Liban (Rumors in the Lebanese War)
Les Rumeurs dans la guerre du Liban (Rumors in the Lebanese War), by Fadia Nassif Tar Kovacs. Paris, CNRS Editions, 1998. 352 pages. Index of names to p. 354. Bibl. to p. 365. Table of contents to p. 372. n.p. Few who have lived and worked in Lebanon...
Merchants, Mamluks, and Murder. the Political Economy of Trade in Eighteenth-Century Basra
IRAQ Merchants, Mamluks, and Murder. The political economy of trade in eighteenthcentury Basra, by Thabit AT Abdullah. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2001. 120 pages. Notes to 155. Bibl. to 170. Index to 180. n.p. Reviewed by Willem...
No God but God: Egypt and the Triumph of Islam
No God But God: Egypt and the Triumph of Islam, by Geneive Abdo. Oxford, UK and New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. x + 200 pages. Notes to p. 207. Bibl. to p. 214. Index to p. 223. $25. Reviewed by Louis Cantori This book is important to scholars...
Reason, Freedom, and Democracy in Islam: Essential Writings of Abdolkarim Soroush
Reason, Freedom, and Democracy in Islam: Essential Writings of Abdolkarim Soroush, by Abdolkarim Soroush. Translated, edited, and with a critical introduction by Mahmoud Sadri and Ahmad Sadri. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. 225 pages. Bibl....
Religion and State: The Muslim Approach to Politics / Islam and Secularism in the Middle East
Religion and State: The Muslim Approach to Politics, by L. Carl Brown. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000. vi + 223 pages. Bibl. to p. 236. Index to p. 256. $27.50 cloth. Islam and Secularism in the Middle East, ed. by John L. Esposito and Azzam...
Sexual Encounters in the Middle East: The British, the French and the Arabs
Sexual Encounters in the Middle East: The British, the French and the Arabs, by Derek Hopwood. Reading, UK: Ithaca Press, 1999. 287 pages. Bibl. to p. 297. Index to p. 308. GBP35. "Sexual attitudes and proclivities," claims Dr. Derek Hopwood (until recently,...
State, Society and Land in Jordan
State, Society and Land in Jordan, by Michael R. Fishbach. Leiden, Boston and Koln: Brill, 2000. xvii + 212 pages. Bibl to p. 225. Index to p. 236. Illus. n.p. One problem for anyone writing about the Fertile Crescent after World War I is to explain...
Takeover in Tehran: The Inside Story of the 1979 U.S. Embassy Capture
IRAN Takeover in Tehran: The Inside Story of the 1979 U.S. Embassy Capture. by Massoumeh Ebtekar (as told to Fred A. Reed). Vancouver: Talonbooks, 2000. 243 pages. Appends. to p. 246. Notes to p. 256. $14.95 paper. Reviewed by William J. Daugherty Massoumeh...
The Cairo House
LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE The Cairo House, by Sarnia Serageldin. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2000. 233 pages. $24.95. The last decade or so has witnessed an explosion of writings, particularly by Egyptian women who have chosen to lead expatriate...
The Creation of the New Jew: The Sabra
The Creation of the New Jew: the Sabra, by Oz Almog. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA and London, UK: University of California Press, 2000. xv + 266 pages. Notes to p. 293. Gloss. to p. 298. Bibl. to p. 300. Index to p. 313. $35. The "Sabras," born in the...
The End of Days: Fundamentalism and the Struggle for the Temple Mount
The End of Days: Fundamentalism and the Struggle for the Temple Mount, by Gershom Gorenberg. New York, London, Toronto, Sydney, Singapore: The Free Press, 2001, 250 pages. Notes to 267. Index to 275. $25. A belief in the End of Time has been a staple...
The Management of Islamic Activism: Salafis, the Muslim Brotherhood, and State Power in Jordan
JORDAN The Management of Islamic Activism: Salafis, the Muslim Brotherhood, and State Power in Jordan, by Quintan Wiktorowicz. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2000. xi + 153 pages. Notes to p. 179. Bibl. to p. 197. Index to p. 205. $17.95....
The New Mamluks: Egyptian Society and Modern Feudalism
The New Mamluks: Egyptian Society and Modern Feudalism, by Amira El-Azhary Sonbol. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2000. xvii + 221 pages. Gloss. to p. 232. Notes to p. 257. Bibl. to p. 273. Index to p. 292. $49.95 cloth. $19.95 paper. Reviewed...
The Quest for Peace between Israel and the Palestinians
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT The Quest for Peace between Israel and the Palestinians, by Haig Khatchadourian. New York: Peter Lang, 2000. xiv + 163 pages. Index to p. 169. $29.95 paper. This book is a welcome addition to a long list of books written about the...
The Tariqa on a Landcrusier: The Resurgence of Sufism in Yemen
The article examines the resurgence of Sufi-oriented religious movements in contemporary Yemen with special reference to the province of Hadramawt. One such movement, centered in the city of Tarim, has become particularly prominent and popular due to...
Towards Autonomy? the Islamist Movement's Quest for Control of Islamic Institutions in Israel
From origins as a small clandestine association, the Islamist movement in Israel grew into a major grassroots organization with political representation at the municipal and national levels by the late 1990s. The movement has been particularly successful...
Turkey's Transformation and American Policy
Turkey's Transformation and American Policy, ed. by Morton Abramowitz. New York: The Century Foundation Press, 2000. vii + 266 pages. Notes to p. 281. Index to p. 295. Contribs. to p. 298. $24.95. This edited volume is an excellent overview of Turkey's...
Unveiling Traditions: Postcolonial Islam in a Polycentric World
Unveiling Traditions: Postcolonial Islam in a Polycentric World, by Anouar Majid. Durham, NC and London: Duke University Press, 2000. v + 156 pages. Notes to p. 208. Index to p. 225. $54.95 cloth; $18.95 paper. According to the book's back cover, Anouar...