The Middle East Journal

The Middle East Institute has published The Middle East Journal quarterly since 1947. The Journal provides original and objective research and analysis, as well as source material, on the area from Morocco to Pakistan and including Central Asia. The Journal provides the background necessary for an understanding and appreciation of the region's political and economic development, cultural heritage, ethnic and religious diversity. Become a member and receive a complimentary individual subscription. Or subscribe to the MEJ for your institution. Each issue of The Middle East Journal includes: * Articles written by renowned scholars, foreign policy analysts and area experts. Each article offers unique insights invaluable to the scholar and lay reader alike. * A Chronology maintained continuously since 1947. Organized by subject and country, the chronology is a reference source without rival. * Book Reviews that are among the most respected, comprehensive, and up-to-date in the field of Middle Eastern studies. Full-length reviews, as well as annotations of recent publications, permit the serious reader to keep abreast of current literature on the area. Every subscriber to the Journal receives complimentary access to the electronic version of the Journal. This fully searchable, downloadable version includes access back through 2004

Articles from Vol. 67, No. 1, Winter

ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT-The Bride and the Dowry: Israel, Jordan and the Palestinians in the Aftermath of the June 1967 War
ARAB-ISRAELI CONFLICT The Bride and the Dowry: Israel, Jordan and the Palestinians in the Aftermath of the June 1967 War, by Avi Raz. New Haven, CT and London: Yale University Press, 2012. 438 pages. $35.Reviewed by Matthew HughesThe title of the book...
BAHRAIN-Bahrain from the Twentieth Century to the Arab Spring
BAHRAIN Bahrain from the Twentieth Century to the Arab Spring, by Miriam Joyce. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. 159 pages. $85.Reviewed by Fred H. LawsonAnyone who cannot make the trip to Britain to explore the documents preserved at the Public Record...
BEDOUIN-Bedouin Bisha'h Justice: Ordeal by Fire
BEDOUIN Bedouin Bisha'h Justice: Ordeal by Fire, by Joseph Ginat. Brighton, Portland, Toronto: Sussex Academic Press, 2012. 248 pages. $99.95.Reviewed by Issa J. BoullataThe Arabic word Bisha'h in the title as well as throughout this book is wrongly...
Chronology: Afghanistan
See also PakistanJuly 17: A defense ministry spokesman in Kabul reported that the rogue Afghan soldier who shot and killed four French soldiers in January 2012, prompting France to accelerate its withdrawal from Afghanistan, was sentenced to death by...
Chronology-Arab-Israeli Conflict
ABBREVIATIONSABC, ABC NewsAFP, Agence France PresseAl-Arabiya, Alarabiya.netAJE, Aljazeera.netAA, Asharq AlawsatAP, Associated PressBloombergBBC, www.bbc.co.ukCBS, www.cbsnews.comCSM, Christian Science MonitorCNN, www.cnn.comDaily Star, www.dailystar.com.lbEurasiaNet,...
Chronology: Bahrain
Aug. 31: The first government-authorized protest since June took place in Manama. Wifaq, Bahrain's parliamentary opposition bloc, organized the peaceful rally. Tens of thousands of protesters chanted and carried signs of support for arrested activist...
Chronology-Central Asia
See also IranJuly 17: Two border guards, one Uzbek and one Kyrgyz, were killed in an exchange of fire near the Kyrgyz village of Bulak-Bashi. The Kyrgyz border guard service said that the clash broke out as road workers tried to repair a road in an unmarked...
Chronology: Egypt
July 19: Omar Suleiman, 76, died at an American hospital in Cleveland, Ohio. To Egyptians, he was often referred to as Husni Mubarak's "black box," an appropriate moniker for the once-powerful head of Egypt's General Intelligence Service, the mukhabarat....
Chronology: Iran
July 17: Computers in Iran and nearby countries were infected with a new computer virus called Mahdi Trojan, which affected the computers of engineering students, infrastructure companies, financial services firms, and embassies. Researchers at security...
Chronology: Iraq
July 17: Iraq warned Turkey not to violate Iraqi airspace after radar detected Turkish aircraftover Iraq, deepening a riftbetween the two neighbors. Iraq said it planned to take the issue to the UN Security Council. The tension followed several weeks...
Chronology: Israel
July 17: The Israeli Defense Ministry contracted an architect to continue construction on the Givat Sal'it outpost in the occupied Jordan Valley. In 2003, then Prime Minister Ariel Sharon pledged to dismantle Givat Sal'it and 25 other outposts as part...
Chronology: Jordan
July 25: The IMF agreed to lend Jordan $2 billion after estimating that the country's current account deficit would widen to 14% of GDP. Jordan's economy was under strain from the influx of Syrian refugees, as well as the disruption of the import of...
Chronology: Lebanon
July 19: Tens of thousands of Syrians fleeing violence crossed into Lebanon over the course of three days. On July 19, approximately 30,000 people crossed into Lebanon at the Masnaa border crossing, and on July 21, approximately another 10,000 people...
Chronology: Libya
July 18: The National Forces Alliance, a centrist alliance of secular parties led by ex-interim prime minister Mahmud Jibril, celebrated a landslide victory, winning 39 of the 80 seats reserved for political parties in the General National Assembly....
Chronology: Pakistan
July 16: Four militants were killed as they attacked a police station in the town of Bannu in Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province. No police officers were killed in the attack, which was carried out by the Pakistani Tehrik-e-Taliban militant group....
Chronology-Palestinian Territories
See also Arab-Israeli Conflict, Iran, IsraelJuly 17: The Hamas government executed three convicted murderers in the Gaza Strip, bringing the total number of Palestinians executed in Gaza to 14 since 2007. Under Palestinian law, Palestinian Authority...
Chronology: Saudi Arabia
July 20: King 'Abdullah replaced Prince Muqrin bin 'Abd al-'Aziz, the general intelligence chief, with Prince Bandar bin Sultan bin 'Abd al-'Aziz, the former ambassador to United States. The shuffling of the kingdom's intelligence command came at a time...
Chronology: Sudan and South Sudan
July 21: South Sudan accused Khartoum of bombing territory in the border state of Northern Bahr al Ghazal, which lightly wounded two people, and resulted in the suspension of direct talks between the two states in Addis Ababa. Atif Kiir, spokesman for...
Chronology: Syria
July 17: Rebel fighting reached the streets of central Damascus, which was once viewed as an impenetrable government stronghold of the Asad regime. [AJE, 7/17]July 17: President Asad moved troops out of the Golan Heights and into the capital in response...
Chronology: Turkey
July 17: Around 500 Syrian refugees at a refugee camp in Kilis Province protested on the grounds that they were not receiving enough water. Ten refugees and four Turkish police officers were injured in the protest. [Hurriyet, 7/17]July 22: Turkey sent...
Chronology: Yemen
July 23: Yemeni warplanes struck militant hideouts in Abyan Province, killing at least five al-Qa'ida operatives. A fierce two-month government campaign drove out militants in Zinjibar and Jaar, and the strike in al-Mahfad sought to root out the remaining...
Editor's Note
This first issue of our 67th Volume offers a range of studies marked by both geographical and disciplinary diversity.Two articles deal with subjects that have dominated the headlines in recent years. First, William Harris of the University of Otago in...
EGYPT-The Muslim Brotherhood in Contemporary Egypt: Democracy Redefined or Confined?
EGYPT The Muslim Brotherhood in Contemporary Egypt: Democracy Redefined or Confined? by Mariz Radros. London and New York: Routledge, 2012. 208 pages. $145.Reviewed by Tarek MasoudFor years, scholars have wondered whether Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood is...
Gaming Middle East Conflict
Oil War - Iran Strikes. Decision Games/Modern War magazine/Strategy & Tactics Press, 2012. Designer: Ty Bomba. $30.Persian Incursion. Clash of Arms Games, 2010. Designers: Larry Bond, Chris Carlson, JeffDougherty. $71.50.Battle for Baghdad. MCS Group,...
GULF STATES-The Gulf States: A Modern History
GULF STATESThe Gulf States: A Modern History, by David Commins. London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2012. 331 pages. £40.Commins offers up a much needed comprehensive overview of the states surrounding the Persian Gulf. Despite rising interest in the region...
Investigating Lebanon's Political Murders: International Idealism in the Realist Middle East?
This article reviews the investigation of Lebanon's 2004-2008 string of assassinations, a novel international venture precipitated by the February 2005 assassination of former prime minister Rafiq al-Hariri. It argues that shifting realist and idealist...
IRAN-The Oxford Handbook of Iranian History
IRANThe Oxford Handbook of Iranian History, ed. by Touraj Daryaee. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. 414 pages. $150.It is gratifying to see Iranian history included in the Oxford Handbook series, whose seemingly innumerable volumes...
IRAQ-New Babylonians: A History of Jews in Modern Iraq
IRAQNew Babylonians: A History of Jews in Modern Iraq by Orit Bashkin. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2012. 310 pages. $80 cloth; $24.95 paper; $24.95 E-book.New Babylonians is a meticulously researched and path-breaking treatment of a topic...
IRAQ-Women in Iraq: Past Meets Present
Women in Iraq: Past meets Present, by Noga Efrati. 236 pages. New York: Columbia University Press, 2012. $45.Women in Iraq: Past meets Present offers rich historical evidence to help us comprehend the contradictions in the idea of women's "liberation"...
LIBYA-Libya: The Rise and Fall of Qaddafi
LIBYALibya: The Rise and Fall of Qaddafi, by Alison Pargeter. New Haven, CT and London: Yale University Press, 2012. 289 pages. $30.This highly readable account of Qadhafi, from the beginning of his dominion over Libya in 1969 through his brutal execution...
MAGHREB-Politics and Power in the Maghreb: Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco from Independence to the Arab Spring
MAGHREB Politics and Power in the Maghreb: Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco from Independence to the Arab Spring, by Michael J. Willis. London: Hurst & Co, 2012. $35.Reviewed by Jason Pack and James RoslingtonPolitics and Power in the Maghreb: Algeria,...
Of Lawyers and Samsars: The Legal Services Market and the Authoritarian State in Ben 'Ali's Tunisia (1987-2011)
The recent history of the Tunisian Bar was symptomatic of repeated attempts by President Ben 'Ali's authoritarian state to subjugate a profession which was meant to guarantee respect for the rule of law and defendants' rights. To this end, the state...
PRE-20TH CENTURY HISTORY-War and Diplomacy: The Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878 and the Treaty of Berlin
PRE-20TH CENTURY HISTORY War and Diplomacy: The Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878 and the Treaty of Berlin, ed. by M. Hakan Yavuz with Peter Sluglett. Salt Lake City: The University of Utah Press, 2011. 610 pages. $40.Reviewed by Michael B. BishkuThis book...
Recent Publications
AFGHANISTANGames without Rules: The Often Interrupted History of Afghanistan, by Tamim Ansary. Philadelphia, PA: Public Affairs, 2012. 416 pages. $27.99. In Games Without Rules, Ansary tells the history of Afghanistan from an Afghan point of view. He...
The Evolution of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in the Arab Spring
The Arab Spring has presented great challenges and opportunities throughout the region. New models of political participation, power-sharing, and evolving forms of social consensus dominate the landscape region-wide. The Arab Spring has also affected...
The Middle East Quartet and (In)effective Multilateralism
In 2002, what became known as the Middle East Quartet came into being. A decade later, this article explores the performance of the Quartet and the EU's role in it. The conclusions are sobering, pointing to the fact that, while the EU has been the principal...
The Puzzle of a Loyal Minority: Why Do Azeris Support the Iranian State?
Ever since its inception, the state of Iran has been pressed with the challenge of integrating the multiple ethnic identities that make up its plural society. In contrast to a number of other minorities like the Kurds and the Baluchis, the Azeris have...