Australian Health Review

Australian Health Review is a magazine focusing on Medicine

Articles from Vol. 31, No. 4, November

Benchmarking Australia's Mental Health Services: Is It Possible and Useful?
AbstractBackground: Benchmarking of performance indicators in the mental health field is gaining currency in Australia as a strategy for improving service quality.Aim: To engage mental health service providers in the collection and evaluation of performance...
Building an Evidence Base for Community Health: A Review of the Quality of Program Evaluations
AbstractAn assessment of the quality of program evaluations conducted in South Australian community health services investigated how effective evaluation reporting is in producing an evidence base for community health. Evaluation reports were assessed...
Can Medical Admission and Length of Stay Be Accurately Predicted by Emergency Staff, Patients or Relatives?
AbstractObjectives: To determine the accuracy of predictions of the need for hospital admission and, if admitted, length of stay (LOS) made early in an emergency attendance by emergency department (ED) doctors, nurses, patients and relatives, and the...
Construction of the Australian Inpatient Export Database (AIED)
AbstractObjective: To establish a database of exports by Australian acute health care institutions for the period in which exports were first promoted.Method: Hospital morbidity data for patients resident overseas (Group A) and Medicare ineligible patients...
Development of a Systematic Approach to Assessing Quality within Australian Residential Aged Care Facilities: The Clinical Care Indicators Tool
AbstractRecent years have seen the introduction of formalised accreditation processes in both community and residential aged care, but these only partially address quality assessment within this sector. Residential aged care in Australia does not yet...
Editorial
THIS IS THE FOURTH ISSUE of Australian Health Review which has featured a "Models of Care" section; now a regular section of me Journal. As 2007 draws to a close, the breadth of formalised care models (such as self-care management, case management and...
Hospital Ethics Approval for a Population-Based Case-Control Study of Very Preterm Birth
AbstractAim: To describe the process involved in obtaining ethics approval for a study aiming to recruit women from all maternity hospitals in Victoria, Australia.Design: Observational data of the application process involving 85 hospitals throughout...
Implementing Chronic Disease Self-Management in Community Settings: Lessons from Australian Demonstration Projects
AbstractThe evaluation of the Sharing Health Care Initiative addressed the translation of different models of chronic disease self-management into health and community service contexts in Australia. Across seven projects, four intervention models were...
Information Management: The Limitations of ROI
THE REVIEW OF the 60-year history of the Australian Healthcare and Hospitals Association highlights the important role of information and information management in enhancing the Australian health care system. In 1990 Peter Read, the National Director...
N=1: Some Challenges and Opportunities for Integrating Patient Care
I AM A JUNIOR DOCTOR working in a Brisbane hospital. I recently completed a PhD investigating the use of eHealth strategies to improve community access to relevant health information, with a particular focus on low socioeconomic communities and their...
Priority Rating for Community Care
AbstractThis paper, which is an additional nosokinetics paper to accompany those presented in Aust Health Rev 31(1), reports on priority rating through a standardised community care assessment system, based on screening for functional abilities and incorporating...
Public Health Nutrition: From Principles to Practice Lawrence M, Worsley T (Eds)
Public health nutrition: from principles to practice Lawrence M, Worsley T (eds) Allen & Unwin, 2007 ISBN: 978 1 74175 102 4. RRP: $69.95. 492 pages.THIS IS A SIGNIFICANT text on public health nutrition, led by Australian public health nutritionists...
Social Work, Health and International Development. Compassion in Social Policy and Practice Dumont S, St-Onge M (Eds)
Social work, health and international development. Compassion in social policy and practice Dumont S, St-Onge M (eds) Haworth Press, 2007 ISBN: 978-0-7890-3512-7. xvii + 278 pagesTHE TEXT IS AN INTERESTING collection of chapters that address a range...
Ten Lessons for Developing a Health Information Website
AbstractThis paper outlines ten lessons derived from the development of a palliative care website, www.pallcarevic.asn.au. The following program elements contributed to the success of the project: (1) peer and stakeholder participation; (2) response...
The Australian Healthcare and Hospitals Association Celebrates 60 Years. Excerpts from an Historical Review by Selby Steele
DUE TO rising costs and neglect in forward planning the financial position of Australian hospitals has never been worse. An additional reason for their present difficult situation is the political difference of policy between the various Governments,...
The Concept of Health in Older Age: Views of Older People and Health Professionals
AbstractThis study aimed to explore how older people and health professionals conceptualise health in older age. Thirty-six older people and 41 health professionals participated in 10 focus groups (five with older people and five with health professionals)...
The Diversity of Emergency Code Telephone Numbers in Australian Hospitals: The Feasibility of an Australian Standard Emergency Code
AbstractThis study explored the diversity of emergency code telephone numbers currently in use in Australian hospitals and examined the feasibility of a standard emergency code telephone number for all Australian hospitals, based on the United Kingdom...
The Dynamics of Residential Aged Care in Australia: 8-Year Trends in Admission, Separations and Dependency
AbstractThe aims of this paper are to analyse changes in dependency of residents in residential aged care homes consequent upon the passing of the Commonwealth Aged Care Act in late 1997, and to establish the extent of resultant changes in the dynamics...
The Economic Benefits of Health Information Exchange Interoperability for Australia
AbstractObjective: To estimate costs and benefits for Australia of implementing health information exchange interoperability among health care providers and other health care stakeholders.Design: A cost-benefit model considering four levels of interoperability...
The Use of a Closed-Circuit Hospital Television Channel to Promote Health: The Reach and Appeal of RPAtv to Patients and Visitors
AbstractClosed-circuit television has the potential to promote health in hospitals, as a significant number of patients watch large amounts of television (TV) during their stays. This project sought to investigate the potential of a dedicated hospital...
Trends in Cancer Mortality during the 20th Century in Australia
AbstractAn epidemiological study was conducted, using annual cancer mortality data over the period 1907 to 1998, to explore change in Australian cancer mortality. A 3-year moving average mortality was calculated to minimise the annual fluctuations over...
Use of Health Care Services 6 Months Following Major Trauma
AbstractTo establish the use of health care services 6 months following major trauma, 243 blunt major trauma patients were recruited during their acute hospital stay and followed up by telephone interview at 6 months post-injury. Data collected at 6...
Use of Western Australian Linked Hospital Morbidity and Mortality Data to Explore Theories of Compression, Expansion and Dynamic Equilibrium
AbstractThree hypotheses have been advanced to predict changes in population health in countries experiencing low birth and death rates, and increasing expectation of life. Determining which of these best accounts for changing patterns of illness and...
Valuing Variance: The Importance of Variance Analysis in Clinical Pathways Utilisation
AbstractVariations from the anticipated course of events in clinical pathways provide valuable information that could be used to improve clinical practice and health service planning. Surprisingly, variance data are rarely collected in health care organisations...