Journal of European Studies

Journal of European Studies is a magazine specializing in Social Science topics.

Articles from Vol. 89, No. 89-90, March-June

Abandoning Pacifism: The Case of Sartre (1939-1940)
The asocial nature of Sartre's thought before the Second World War was noted by many of his critics, by Sartre himself first of all. Only with the events of the late 30s -- the Anschluss in March 1938, then the Munich crisis of the following September...
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A Certain Idea of France: Ernst Junger's Paris Diaries 1941-44
Wir sassen dann eine Weile auf der Place du Tertre im Garten der Mere Catherine und gingen danach in Schneckenlinien um Sacre Coeur herum. Die Stadt ist eine zweite geistige Heimat fiir mich geworden, wird immer starker zum Inbild dessen,...
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A Forgotten Novel of the Resistance: Pierre Courtade's 'Elseneur.' (France during World War II)
. . .si, un jour, un historien, informe par des confidences tardives, disait ce qu'il savait, les honnetes gens auraient peine a croire. Il serait accuse de schematisme et d'avoir pousse au noir. S'il romancait cette histoire, il se verrait...
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Andre Labarthe and Raymond Aron: Political Myth and Ideology in 'La France Libre.' (French Resistance Publication during World War II)
The history of the monthly review, La France libre, deserves a special place among the more paradoxical features of the Free French movements in London during the Occupation. The review was founded in November 1940 at de Gaulle's invitation and enjoyed...
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Facing History: Mauriac and Levinas on Nazism
The singular development of Mauriac's career during the Nazi occupation of France has been widely recognized:[1] after penning, at the height of France's debacle in 1940, two pieces ('La Verite' and 'La France en cellule', both published in the Figaro,...
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Fascist Ideology and Theater under the Occupation: The Case of Anouilh
The extraordinary flourishing of the French theatre under the German Occupation continues to pose unresolved questions. Was the Comedie Francaise a haven for the dissemination of French culture and thus of nationalist spirit in defiance of the occupier...
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French Catholic Intellectuals during the Occupation
Among the images of chagrin and pitie, the tales of bravery and treachery, little is to be heard of the French Catholic intellectuals. Even in the post-war polemics which intermittently summoned one or other of them to declare 'dans quel camp etes-vous?'[1]...
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Ideology, Cultural Politics and Literary Collaboration at la Gerbe
Of the major weekly reviews published in Paris during the Occupation, perhaps none is more representative of the period itself and the spirit of collaboration with Nazi Germany than La Gerbe. Created |out of whole cloth' by the German Embassy to serve...
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Independent Publishing in Vichy France: The Case of Pierre Seghers's 'Poesie.'
The first number of Poesie 40 begins with an editorial by Pierre Seghers which sums up the review's ambitions in the title 'Maintenir': Voici donc ce premier cahier de 'Poesie 40', qui est aussi le cinquieme numero de notre bulletin des 'Poetes...
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Publish and Perish: The 'Epuration' of French Intellectuals
Where an oeuvre had the duty of creating immortality, it now attains the right to kill, to become the murderer of its own author.' M. Foucault, 'What is an author?' Analyses of the post-war trials of French intellectuals have underlined their...
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Writing War in the Feminine: De Beauvoir and Duras
Women's experience of war has left few traces in the canon of twentieth-century French literature; women's voices have long been characterized by their silence. World War I, the Great War, gave rise to a prodigious quantity of autobiographical and...
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