Canadian Psychology

This journal covers general mental health issues through news, research and practitioners.

Articles from Vol. 39, No. 1/2, February-May

Alternative Work Arrangements: Meeting the Challenges
Abstract This article first examines the forces behind the emergence of alternative work arrangements in Canada in the past two decades. It then focusses upon five alternative work arrangements: part-time employment, temporary or contingent...
Changing Employment Relations: What Can Unions Do?
Abstract We review four current challenges facing organization labor; the changing nature of work; the emergence of a new model of Human Resource Management; the changing composition of the labor force and political/legislative challenges....
Commitment in a Changing World of Work
Abstract The Canadian workplace is undergoing extensive changes that have the potential to alter dramatically the psychological commitments that employees experience with regard to their work. The purpose of this article is to examine the interplay between...
Graduate Training in Industrial-Organizational Psychology: Some Oft-Ignored Contextual Issues
Abstract The focus of this paper centred on the contextual changes in the workplace of our I-O graduates. First, large organizations have shed many departments and "outsourcing" is the becoming the norm for many, if not all, of the...
Job Analysis: Changing Nature of Work
Abstract This paper reviews the potential and possibilities for job analysis in Canada under five sections. In the first section, future needs for job analysis information are explored from individual, organizational, professional,...
Leadership in Organizations: Looking Ahead to the 21st Century
Abstract The paper highlights four major changes in the corporate environment that pose future challenges for Canadian organizations. It is argued that in order to meet these challenges, organizations need to develop adaptive capabilities....
Performance Appraisal in the Changing World of Work: Implications for the Meaning and Measurement of Work Performance
Abstract We critically evaluate performance appraisal research by highlighting how research has traditionally focussed upon the measurement, rather than the meaning of work performance. We propose that maximizing performance appraisal...
Reward Systems: Emerging Trends and Issues
Abstract In response to the emerging environmental pressures, organizations are transforming their structures and management systems. As a result, many organizations are rethinking their reward strategies to better align them with...
Selecting Employees in the 21st Century: Predicting the Contribution of Industrial-Organizational Psychology to Canada
Abstract The changes that will occur in the workplace as Canada enters the 21st century are contrasted with those that occurred when this country entered the 20th century in terms of knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) required...
Technological Advances in the Canadian Workplace: An Industrial-Organizational Perspective
Abstract Canadian organizations are facing mounting challenges to productivity and survival due to innumerable changes in the new global economy. Of all of the forces directing modern organizational change, technological innovations...
The Challenge of Profound Transformation for Industrial and Organizational Psychologists: Are We Meeting the Challenge?
I write this review from a very different perspective than those who have written the articles you will find in this special issue of Canadian Psychology. I see the content through a thick mask of 15 years of experience in the business world trying to...
The Nature of Work, the Context of Organizational Behaviour, and the Application of Industrial-Organizational Psychology
Abstract Three themes occasioned by the other papers in this special issue of Canadian Psychology are discussed with regard to their implications for the science and practice of industrial/organizational psychology. These include the...
Training in the 21st Century: Some Lessons from the Last One
Abstract This paper reviews the major contributions that I-O Psychology has made to the understanding of the effects of training. Moving away from a purely pedagogical perspective, the psychological states of trainees, especially motivation,...
Work and Mental Health: A Decade in Canadian Research
Abstract This study reviews recent research on mental health within the context of work. The research is based on work during the past decade since the publication of the special issue of the Canadian Psychologist on I-O Psychology...
Work Teams: Selecting Members for Optimal Performance
Abstract Teams are a growing phenomenon in the Canadian workplace as organizations face constant pressure to flatten the traditional hierarchy and maintain a structure that allows constant adaptation to the changing business environment....