Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

Provides broad range of topics in all areas of experimental psychology. The journal publishes theory and review articles, reports on experimental work, and coverage of methods in all areas.

Articles from Vol. 11, No. 5, October

Age Differences in Veridical and False Recall Are Not Inevitable: The Role of Frontal Lobe Function
The relationship of neuropsychological measures of frontal lobe function to age differences in false recall was assessed using the Deese/Roediger-McDermott associative false memory paradigm (Deese, 1959; Roediger & McDermott, 1995). As other studies...
An Event-Related Potential Study of the Revelation Effect
Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded during a verbal recognition memory task in order to investigate whether changes in familiarity are part of the explanation for the revelation effect. For half of the test words, participants solved an anagram...
Are There Capacity Limitations in Symmetry Perception?
Previous researchers have proposed that there are two types of symmetry detection: one based on crude preattentive symmetry judgments and another based on detailed scrutiny of individual parts (Barlow & Reeves, 1979; S. E. Palmer & Hemenway,...
Attentional Load Modulates Mislocalization of Moving Stimuli, but Does Not Eliminate the Error
Localization of the onset and offset of a moving target is subject to a number of errors that have to be attributed to events following or preceding the target event. Apparently, observers are unable to ignore the spatiotemporal context surrounding the...
Automatic and Intentional Memory Processes in Visual Search
Previous research has indicated that saccade target selection during visual search is influenced by scanning history. Already inspected items are less likely to be chosen as saccade targets as long as the number intervening saccades is small. Here, we...
Changing Features Do Not Guide Attention in Change Detection: Evidence from a Spatial Cuing Paradigm
Smilek, Eastwood, and Merikle (2000) demonstrated that the detection of change was facilitated when the target character changed in many rather than few of its features. Specifically, the function relating search response time to display set size was...
Discriminative Stimuli That Follow a Delay Have Added Value for Pigeons
Clement, Feltus, Kaiser, and Zentall (2000) reported that pigeons prefer discriminative stimuli that require greater effort (more pecks) to obtain over those that require less effort. In the present experiment, we examined two variables associated with...
Evidence for a Procedural-Learning-Based System in Perceptual Category Learning
The consistency of the mapping from category to response location was investigated to test the hypothesis that abstract category labels are learned by the hypothesis testing system to solve rule-based tasks, whereas response position is learned by the...
Learning in a Unidimensional Absolute Identification Task
We tested whether there is long-term learning in the absolute identification of line lengths. Line lengths are unidimensional stimuli, and there is a common belief that learning of these stimuli quickly reaches a low-level asymptote of about seven items...
Linguistic Focus and Good-Enough Representations: An Application of the Change-Detection Paradigm
A number of lines of study suggest that word meanings are not always fully exploited in comprehension. In two experiments, we used a text-change paradigm to study depth of semantic processing during reading. Participants were instructed to detect words...
Merging Race Models and Adaptive Networks: A Parallel Race Network
This article presents a generalization of race models involving multiple channels. The major contribution of this article is the implementation of a learning rule that enables networks based on such a parallel race model to learn stimulus-response associations....
Processing Doubly Quantified Sentences: Evidence from Eye Movements
We investigated the processing of doubly quantified sentences, such as Kelly showed a photo to every critic, that are ambiguous as to whether the indefinite (a photo) specifies single or multiple referents. Ambiguity resolution requires the computation...
Recognition without Picture Identification: Geons as Components of the Pictorial Memory Trace
Participants viewed a list of black-and-white line drawings and were then presented with a picture fragment identification task in which half of the fragments corresponded to studied pictures and half corresponded to unstudied pictures. In addition to...
Searching for Stimulus-Driven Shifts of Attention
Several types of dynamic cues (e.g., abrupt onsets, motion) draw attention in visual search tasks even when they are irrelevant. Although these stimuli appear to capture attention in a stimulus-driven fashion, typical visual search tasks might induce...
Selective Attention and Asymmetry in the Müller-Lyer Illusion
Two experiments reexamined the effect of selective spatial attention on the magnitudes of the wings-in and wings-out forms of the Müller-Lyer (M-L) illusion and a version of the illusion in which the two forms are superimposed to produce a figure (XX)...
Stimulus-Response Compatibility with Wheel-Rotation Responses: Will an Incompatible Response Coding Be Used When a Compatible Coding Is Possible?
Three experiments were conducted in which subjects responded to left-right tones with clockwise-counterclockwise rotations of a steering wheel using one of two stimulus-response assignments. When the hands were at the bottom of the wheel, where hand...
The Owl and the Pussycat: Gaze Cues and Visuospatial Orienting
Recent research has shown that nonpredictive gaze cues trigger reflexive shifts in attention toward the looked-at location. But just how generalizable is this spatial cuing effect? In particular, are people especially tuned to gaze cues provided by conspecifics,...
The Reference Frame of Figure-Ground Assignment
Figure-ground assignment involves determining which visual regions are foreground figures and which are backgrounds. Although figure-ground processes provide important inputs to high-level vision, little is known about the reference frame in which the...
The Role of Memory Representation in the Vigilance Decrement
Working memory load is critically important for the overall level of performance on vigilance tasks. However, its role in a key aspect of vigilance-sensitivity decrement over time-is unclear. We used a dual-task procedure in which either a spatial or...
Time Does Not Cause Forgetting in Short-Term Serial Recall
Time-based theories expect memory performance to decline as the delay between study and recall of an item increases. The assumption of time-based forgetting, central to many models of serial recall, underpins their key behaviors. Here we compare the...
Very Clever Homunculus: Compound Stimulus Strategies for the Explicit Task-Cuing Procedure
In two experiments, subjects were given arbitrary letter cues or meaningful word cues that specified the task to be performed on a subsequent target stimulus. Letter and word cues were presented in separate blocks. There were two cues of each type for...
View Sensitivity Increases for Same-Shape Matches If Mismatches Show Pairs of More Similar Shapes
Lawson, Bülthoff, and Dumbell (2003) found increased view sensitivity when more similar shapes had to be discriminated. Their sequential picture-picture matching studies showed depth-rotated views of novel, complex, 3-D objects. However, with a similar...