Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

Provides broad range of topics in all areas of experimental psychology. The journal publishes theory and review articles, reports on experimental work, and coverage of methods in all areas.

Articles from Vol. 16, No. 1, February

"100% of Anything Looks Good": The Appeal of One Hundred Percent
People overweight certainty, even when certainty is only an illusion. A vaccine that was described as 100% effective against 70% of disease targets was preferred to one described as 70% effective against 100% of disease targets (Studies 1 and 2). The...
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A Critical Examination of the Spectral Contrast Account of Compensation for Coarticulation
Vocal tract gestures for adjacent phones overlap temporally, rendering the acoustic speech signal highly context dependent. For example, following a segment with an anterior place of articulation, a posterior segment's place of articulation is pulled...
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Assessing the Influence of Recollection and Familiarity in Memory for Own- versus Other-Race Faces
In the present research, we examined the contributions of recollection and familiarity in memory for own- and other-race faces. In Experiment 1, we used a repetition lag paradigm (Jennings & Jacoby, 1997) to demonstrate the typical cross-race effect...
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Comparing Time-Accuracy Curves: Beyond Goodness-of-Fit Measures
The speed-accuracy trade-off (SAT) is a ubiquitous phenomenon in experimental psychology. One popular strategy for controlling SAT is to use the response signal paradigm. This paradigm produces time-accuracy curves (or SAT functions), which can be compared...
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Detecting Deception in a Bluffing Body: The Role of Expertise
Studies of deception detection traditionally have focused on verbal communication. Nevertheless, people commonly deceive others through nonverbal cues. Previous research has shown that intentions can be inferred from the ways in which people move their...
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Distractor Devaluation Requires Visual Working Memory
Visual stimuli seen previously as distractors in a visual search task are subsequently evaluated more negatively than those seen as targets. An attentional inhibition account for this distractor-devaluation effect posits that associative links between...
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Eyewitness Identification Evidence and Innocence Risk
It is well known that the frailties of human memory and vulnerability to suggestion lead to eyewitness identification errors. However, variations in different aspects of the eyewitnessing conditions produce different kinds of errors that are related...
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How to Keep Attention from Straying: Get Engaged!
Previous research has suggested that the involuntary allocation of spatial attention to salient, irrelevant stimuli (i.e., attentional capture) is prevented when attention is in a focused state (e.g., Yantis & Jonides, 1990). Recent work has suggested...
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Individual Differences in Using Geometric and Featural Cues to Maintain Spatial Orientation: Cue Quantity and Cue Ambiguity Are More Important Than Cue Type
Two experiments explored the role of environmental cues in maintaining spatial orientation (sense of self-location and direction) during locomotion. Of particular interest was the importance of geometric cues (provided by environmental surfaces) and...
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Inhibitory Neighbor Priming Effects in Eye Movements during Reading
We report an eye movement experiment investigating whether prior processing of a word's orthographic neighbor in a sentence influences subsequent word processing during reading. There was greater difficulty in early word processing when a target word's...
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Integrating Episodic Memories and Prior Knowledge at Multiple Levels of Abstraction
Prior knowledge can have a large influence on recall when the memory for the original event is error prone or incomplete. We investigated the interaction between memory and prior knowledge in a recall task involving natural objects such as fruits and...
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Lexical Processing during Saccades in Text Comprehension
We asked whether people process words during saccades when reading sentences. Irwin (1998) demonstrated that such processing occurs when words are presented in isolation. In our experiment, participants read part of a sentence ending in a high- or low-frequency...
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Localized Attentional Interference Reflects Competition for Reentrant Processing
Visual performance is compromised when attention is divided between objects that are near one another in the visual field. It has been postulated that this effect, termed localized attentional interference (LAI), reflects competition between visual-object...
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No Need for Inhibitory Tagging of Locations in Visual Search
Participants find it no harder to search for a T among Ls when the items move around at velocities of up to 10.8°/sec than when the items remain static. This result demonstrates that inhibitory tagging of locations is not necessary for successful search,...
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Not All Visual Features Are Created Equal: Early Processing in Letter and Word Recognition
In four experiments, we investigated the effect of deleting specific features of letters on letter and word recognition in the context of reading aloud. Experiments 1 and 2 assessed the relative importance of vertices versus midsegments in letter recognition....
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Object Permanence in Dogs: Invisible Displacement in a Rotation Task
Dogs were tested for object permanence using an invisible displacement in which an object was hidden in one of two containers at either end of a beam and the beam was rotated. Consistent with earlier research, when the beam was rotated 180°, the dogs...
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Operant Generalization of Auditory Tempo in Quail Neonates
Operant generalization, a building block of cognition, has never been studied in neonates. We developed a preparation for newly hatched quail in order to investigate the form of the generalization gradient very early in development. For their first 4-5...
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Positive Moods Can Eliminate Intentional Forgetting
People can intentionally forget previously studied information if, after study, a forget cue and new material to be encoded are provided. We examined how the affective state people experience during encoding of the new material modulates such directed...
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Semantic Word Priming in the Absence of Eye Fixations: Relative Contributions of Overt and Covert Attention
In the present study, we investigated the role of covert and overt attention in word identification. In repetition and semantic priming paradigms, prime words were followed by a probe for lexical decision. To make the primes available only to covert...
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Sequential Dependencies in the Eriksen Flanker Task: A Direct Comparison of Two Competing Accounts
In the conflict/control loop theory proposed by Botvinick, Braver, Barch, Carter, and Cohen (2001), conflict monitored in a trial leads to an increase in cognitive control on the subsequent trial. The critical data pattern supporting this assertion is...
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Surprising Feedback Improves Later Memory
The hypercorrection effect is the finding that high-confidence errors are more likely to be corrected after feedback than are low-confidence errors (Butterfield & Metcalfe, 2001). In two experiments, we explored the idea that the hypercorrection...
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Take-the-Best in Expert-Novice Decision Strategies for Residential Burglary
We examined the decision strategies and cue use of experts and novices in a consequential domain: crime. Three participant groups decided which of two residential properties was more likely to be burgled, on the basis of eight cues such as location of...
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The Attentional Blink: Increasing Target Salience Provides No Evidence for Resource Depletion. A Commentary on Dux, Asplund, and Marois (2008)/Both Exogenous and Endogenous Target Salience Manipulations Support Resource Depletion Accounts of the Attentional Blink: A Reply to Olivers, Spalek, Kawahara, and Di Lollo (2009)
CHRISTIAN N. L. OLIVERSVrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The NetherlandsTHOMAS M. SPALEKSimon Fraser University, Vancouver, CanadaJUN-ICHIRO KAWAHARANational Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, JapanANDVINCENT DI...
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The Disutility of the Hard-Easy Effect in Choice Confidence
A common finding in confidence research is the hard-easy effect, in which judges exhibit greater overconfidence for more difficult sets of questions. Many explanations have been advanced for the hard-easy effect, including systematic cognitive mechanisms,...
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The Effect of Fearful Faces on the Attentional Blink Is Task Dependent
In a set of three rapid serial visual presentation experiments, we investigated the effect of fearful and neutral face stimuli on the report of trailing scene targets. When the emotional expression of the face stimuli had to be indicated, fearful faces...
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The Effect of Marker Size on the Perception of an Empty Interval
Research shows that the time that is spent perceiving a brief visual stimulus is experienced as increasing as the size of the stimulus increases. We examined whether the experienced duration of time that is spent attending the perception of an empty...
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The Eyes Fixate the Optimal Viewing Position of Task-Irrelevant Words
We evaluated whether one's eyes tend to fixate the optimal viewing position (OVP) of words even when the words are task irrelevant and should be ignored. Participants completed the standard Stroop task, in which they named the physical color of congruent...
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Using E-Z Reader to Model the Effects of Higher Level Language Processing on Eye Movements during Reading
Although computational models of eye-movement control during reading have been used to explain how saccadic programming, visual constraints, attention allocation, and lexical processing jointly affect eye movements during reading, these models have largely...
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What Causes Auditory Distraction?
The role of separating task-relevant from task-irrelevant aspects of the environment is typically assigned to the executive functioning of working memory. However, pervasive aspects of auditory distraction have been shown to be unrelated to working memory...
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