Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

Provides broad range of topics in all areas of experimental psychology. The journal publishes theory and review articles, reports on experimental work, and coverage of methods in all areas.

Articles from Vol. 16, No. 5, October

A Case for Restricted-Domain Relational Learning
Monkeys and pigeons learned a same/different task with pairs that were selected from a training set of eight picture stimuli. They showed no novel-stimulus transfer and hence no abstract-concept learning. They were also tested with novel pairs of the...
Addendum
"Closing all the doors" refers to a technique in stage magic where the "same" trick is performed more than once, but using a number of different methods, so that all nonmagical explanations seem to be refuted (Macknik et al., 2008). Arguments from converging...
A Dissociation between Similarity Effects in Episodic Face Recognition
Memory similarity, the similarity between a test lure and memory traces, reduces confidence and accuracy in all forms of recognition memory. In contrast, Tulving (1981) showed that, in recognition memory for scenic pictures, choice similarity, the similarity...
Affordances Matter in Geographical Slant perception/Reply to Farrell and Lewandowsky: Recency-Contiguity Interactions Predicted by the Temporal Context Model
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)We argue that the experimental conditions in the Durgin et al. (2009) study were so different from those in Bhalla and Proffitt (1999) that the results of the former study cannot be generalized to the latter....
A Stereo Disadvantage for Recognizing Rotated Familiar Objects
We tested recognition of familiar objects in two different conditions: mono, where stimuli were displayed as flat, 2-D images, and stereo, where objects were displayed with stereoscopic depth information. In three experiments, participants performed...
Auditory Location Negative Priming: A Case of Feature Mismatch
In an auditory four-alternative forced choice localization task, participants had to localize one of two simultaneously presented sounds while ignoring the location of the second sound. Negative priming-that is, slowed-down responses to a location that...
Children's Higher Order Cognitive Abilities and the Development of Secondary Memory
The relations between higher cognitive abilities and immediate and delayed recall were studied in 57 children (6-16 years of age). The participants were tested repeatedly on free recall of a supraspan list (Children's Memory Scale), and their fluid ability...
Concepts Are Not Represented by Conscious Imagery
According to theories of grounded cognition, conceptual representation and perception share processing mechanisms. We investigated whether this overlap is due to conscious perceptual imagery. Participants filled out questionnaires to assess the vividness...
Distributional Analyses in Auditory Lexical Decision: Neighborhood Density and Word-Frequency Effects
In the present article, the effects of phonological neighborhood density and word frequency in spoken word recognition were examined using distributional analyses of response latencies in auditory lexical decision. A density × frequency interaction was...
Does the Truth Interfere with Our Ability to Deceive?
Does the truth interfere with our ability to respond deceptively? We considered this question in the present study by examining the effects of a task set (i.e., selecting truthful or untruthful responses), both by comparing two presentations of the same...
Five-Year-Olds' Beliefs about the Discreteness of Category Boundaries for Animals and Artifacts
Research on adult concepts indicates that category structure varies by domain; adults view membership in animal categories as absolute but membership in artifact categories as graded. In this study, we examined domain differences in beliefs about category...
Human Four-Dimensional Spatial Intuition in Virtual Reality
It is a long-lasting question whether human beings, who evolved in a physical world of three dimensions, are capable of overcoming this fundamental limitation to develop an intuitive understanding of four-dimensional space. Techniques of analogy and...
Inhibition Is Picky: Shape Difference Is a Necessary Condition for Attentional Inhibition of Irrelevant Objects
The present study investigated the conditions for attentional amplification in the processing of relevant objects and for attentional inhibition in the processing of irrelevant objects. Participants reported the color of one of two superimposed objects...
Looking for Meaning: Eye Movements Are Sensitive to Overlapping Semantic Features, Not Association
Theories of semantic memory differ in the extent to which relationships among concepts are captured via associative or via semantic relatedness. We examined the contributions of these two factors, using a visual world paradigm in which participants selected...
Navigating through Abstract Decision Spaces: Evaluating the Role of State Generalization in a Dynamic Decision-Making Task
Research on dynamic decision-making tasks, in which the payoffs associated with each choice vary with participants' recent choice history, shows that humans have difficulty making long-term optimal choices in the presence of attractive immediate rewards....
Precise Instructions Determine Participants' Memory Search Strategy in Judgments of Relative Order in Short Lists
Memory often requires knowledge of the order of events. Previous findings about immediate judgments of relative order in short, subspan lists are variable regarding whether participants' strategy is to search memory in the forward direction, starting...
Psychological Interpretation of the Ex-Gaussian and Shifted Wald Parameters: A Diffusion Model Analysis
A growing number of researchers use descriptive distributions such as the ex-Gaussian and the shifted Wald to summarize response time data for speeded two-choice tasks. Some of these researchers also assume that the parameters of these distributions...
Retrieval Savings with Nonidentical Elements: The Case of Simple Addition and Subtraction
The identical elements (IE) theory of fact representation (Rickard, 2005) proposes that memorized facts that are composed of identical elements (e.g., 6 × 8 = 48 and 8 × 6 = 48) share a common representation in memory, whereas facts with nonidentical...
Revelation Effect in Metamemory
Test items are more likely to be judged as previously studied if they need to be discovered before the recognition decision. In the present experiments, this revelation effect was extended to metamemory judgments. Participants studied word pairs and...
Searching in the Dark: Cognitive Relevance Drives Attention in Real-World Scenes
We investigated whether the deployment of attention in scenes is better explained by visual salience or by cognitive relevance. In two experiments, participants searched for target objects in scene photographs. The objects appeared in semantically appropriate...
The Effects of Perceptual Load on Semantic Processing under Inattention
Inattentional blindness refers to a failure to consciously detect an irrelevant object that appears without any expectation when attention is engaged with another task. The perceptual load theory predicts that task-irrelevant stimuli will reach awareness...
There's More to the Working Memory Capacity-Fluid Intelligence Relationship Than Just Secondary Memory
The present study examined the claim that secondary memory processes account for the correlation between working memory capacity and fluid intelligence via a latent variable analysis. In the present study, participants performed multiple measures of...
The Role of Executive Function in Perspective Taking during Online Language Comprehension
During conversation, interlocutors build on the set of shared beliefs known as common ground. Although there is general agreement that interlocutors maintain representations of common ground, there is no consensus regarding whether common-ground representations...
The Visual Perception of Motion by Observers with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Review and Synthesis
Traditionally, psychological research on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has focused on social and cognitive abilities. Vision provides an important input channel to both of these processes, and, increasingly, researchers are investigating whether observers...
Tracking the Train of Thought from the Laboratory into Everyday Life: An Experience-Sampling Study of Mind Wandering across Controlled and Ecological Contexts
In an experience-sampling study that bridged laboratory, ecological, and individual-differences approaches to mind-wandering research, 72 subjects completed an executive-control task with periodic thought probes (reported by McVay & Kane, 2009) and...
Using Puns to Study Contextual Influences on Lexical Ambiguity Resolution: Evidence from Eye Movements
Participants' eye movements were monitored while they read sentences containing biased homographs in either a single-meaning context condition that instantiated the subordinate meaning of the homograph without ruling out the dominant meaning (e.g., "The...
What Are Effective Phonological Units in Cantonese Spoken Word Planning?
Two picture-word interference experiments were conducted to investigate the nature of effective phonological units in Cantonese spoken word production. The names of the pictures were Cantonese monosyllables with a consonant + vowel + consonant (CVC)...
Who Is Being Deceived? the Experimental Demands of Wearing a Backpack
A growing literature argues that wearing a heavy backpack makes slopes look steeper and distances seem longer (e.g., Proffitt, 2006). To test for effects of experimental demand characteristics in a backpack experiment, we manipulated the experimental...
Why Does Picture-Plane Inversion Sometimes Dissociate Perception of Features and Spacing in Faces, and Sometimes Not? toward a New Theory of Holistic Processing
Classically, it has been presumed that picture-plane inversion primarily reduces sensitivity to spacing/configural information in faces (distance between location of the major features) and has little effect on sensitivity to local feature information...