Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

Provides broad range of topics in all areas of experimental psychology. The journal publishes theory and review articles, reports on experimental work, and coverage of methods in all areas.

Articles from Vol. 17, No. 4, August

Adaptation to Different Mouth Shapes Influences Visual Perception of Ambiguous Lip Speech
We investigated the effects of adaptation to mouth shapes associated with different spoken sounds (sustained /m/ or /u/) on visual perception of lip speech. Participants were significantly more likely to label ambiguous faces on an /m/-to-/u/ continuum...
Biased Feedback in Spatial Recall Yields a Violation of Delta Rule Learning
This study investigates whether inductive processes influencing spatial memory performance generalize to supervised learning scenarios with differential feedback. After providing a location memory response in a spatial recall task, participants received...
Cognitive Load and Semantic Analogies: Searching Semantic Space
The aim of the present study is to investigate the performance of children of different ages on an analogy-making task involving semantic analogies in which there are competing semantic matches. We suggest that this can best be studied in terms of developmental...
Cuing Effects of Faces Are Dependent on Handedness and Visual Field
Faces are unlike other visual objects we encounter, in that they alert us to potentially relevant social information. Both face processing and spatial attention are dominant in the right hemisphere of the human brain, with a stronger lateralization in...
Do Young Chimpanzees Have Extraordinary Working Memory?
Do chimpanzees have better spatial working memory than humans? In a previous report, a juvenile chimpanzee outperformed 3 university students on memory for briefly displayed digits in a spatial array (Inoue & Matsuzawa, 2007). The authors described...
Exemplar Models as a Mechanism for Performing Bayesian Inference
Probabilistic models have recently received much attention as accounts of human cognition. However, most research in which probabilistic models have been used has been focused on formulating the abstract problems behind cognitive tasks and their optimal...
Function and Context Affect Spatial Information Packaging at Multiple Levels
In the present study, we examined how context of instruction and information in the visual array to be described affect spatial information packaging across a range of levels of spatial description. Participants described complex scenes containing 3-D...
Looking versus Seeing: Strategies Alter Eye Movements during Visual Search
Visual search can be made more efficient by adopting a passive cognitive strategy (i.e., letting the target "pop" into mind) rather than by trying to actively guide attention. In the present study, we examined how this strategic benefit is linked to...
Personality Predicts Temporal Attention Costs in the Attentional Blink Paradigm
Accuracy for a second target is reduced when it is presented within 500 msec of a first target. This phenomenon is called the attentional blink (AB). A diffused attentional state (via positive affect or an additional task) has been shown to reduce the...
Pseudocontingencies Can Override Genuine Contingencies between Multiple Cues
The cognitive process of contingency assessment has traditionally been conceived as an inference from the joint frequencies (table cell entries) of correlated cues. Alternatively, pseudocontingency (PC) inferences are derived from the alignment of separate...
Recognition-Based Inference: When Is Less More in the Real World?
Common wisdom tells us that more information can only help and never hurt. Goldstein and Gigerenzer (2002) highlighted an instance violating this intuition. Specifically, in an analysis of their recognition heuristic, they found a counterintuitive less-is-more...
Sample Size Bias in the Estimation of Means
The present research concerns the hypothesis that intuitive estimates of the arithmetic mean of a sample of numbers tend to increase as a function of the sample size; that is, they reflect a systematic sample size bias. A similar bias has been observed...
Subjective Recalibration of Advisors' Probability Estimates
Are decision makers sensitive to the statistical properties (i.e., calibration) of probability estimates that they receive from advisors? After specifying the ideal use of such estimates, we derive the roughly ideal forecast consumer (RIFC) and generalize...
Supertaskers: Profiles in Extraordinary Multitasking Ability
Theory suggests that driving should be impaired for any motorist who is concurrently talking on a cell phone. But is everybody impaired by this dual-task combination? We tested 200 participants in a high-fidelity driving simulator in both single- and...
The Action Dynamics of Overcoming the Truth
A convincing deceiver must act in discordance with their knowledge of the truth. To do so requires the deceiver to resolve competition between what is known to be true and what is intended to be false. We investigated the temporal signature of this competition...
Time Flies When We Read Taboo Words
Does time fly or stand still when one is reading highly arousing words? A temporal bisection task was used to test the effects of sexual taboo words on time perception. Forty participants judged the duration of sexual taboo, high-arousal negative, high-arousal...
Time Scale Similarity and Long-Term Memory for Autobiographical Events
We examine the extent to which retrieval from very long-term autobiographical memory is similar when participants are asked to retrieve from widely differing periods of time. Three groups of 20 participants were given 4 min to recall autobiographical...
Toward a Complete Decision Model of Item and Source Recognition: A Discrete-State Approach
In source-monitoring experiments, participants study items from two sources (A and B). At test, they are presented Source A items, Source B items, and new items. They are asked to decide whether a test item is old or new (item memory) and whether it...
Value Associations of Irrelevant Stimuli Modify Rapid Visual Orienting
In familiar environments, goal-directed visual behavior is often performed in the presence of objects with strong, but task-irrelevant, reward or punishment associations that are acquired through prior, unrelated experience. In a two-phase experiment,...
Viewing-Position Effects in the Stroop Task: Initial Fixation Position Modulates Stroop Effects in Fully Colored Words
In two experiments that we conducted with adult (Experiment 1) and child (Experiment 2) participants, we experimentally controlled the eyes' first fixation in the word using a variable viewing-position technique in a classical all-letter-coloring Stroop...
Visual Working Memory Is Disrupted by Covert Verbal Retrieval
If working memory (WM) depends on a central resource-as is posited in some theories, but not in others-it should be possible to observe interference between tasks that share few features with each other. We investigated whether interference with WM for...